SOLD Items
1st Wisconsin Light Artillery - George W. Scott - 9th Plate Cased Image

A nice 9th plate image of George W. Scott of the 1st Wisconsin Light Artillery.  Scott mustered in the 1st Wisconsin Light Artillery in September 1861 and was mustered out in October 1864.  The image shows Scott in a four button sack coat and a slouch hat.  Written in the back of the case in pencil is "Geo. W. Scott".  The image is a tintype and has "Vicksburg, Miss - 3/4/63" scratched on the back of the image.
Organized at LaCrosse, Wis., and mustered in October 10, 1861. Moved to Camp Utley, Racine, Wis., and duty there till January 23, 1862. Ordered to Louisville, Ky., January 23, and duty there till April 3. Attached to Artillery, 7th Division, Army of the Ohio, to October, 1862. Cumberland Division, District of West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to November, 1862. Artillery, 9th Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Sherman's Yazoo Expedition, to January, 1863. Artillery, 9th Division, 13th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1863. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to August, 1863, and Dept. of the Gulf to August, 1863. Defences of New Orleans, La., Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, to June, 1864. District of Morganza, Dept. of the Gulf, to August, 1864. Artillery, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, District of Baton Rouge, La., to July, 1865.

Cumberland Gap Campaign April 3-June 18, 1862. Occupation of Cumberland Gap June 18 to September 17. Evacuation of Cumberland Gap and retreat to Greenupsburg, Ky., and to the Ohio River September 17-October 3. Expedition to Charleston, W. Va., October 21-November 10. Ordered to Cincinnati, Ohio, November 20; thence to Memphis, Tenn., November 26. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 20, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26-28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-10, 1863. Assault and capture of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, January 10-11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 14-23, and duty there till March 8. Moved to Milliken's Bend, La., March 8. Operations from Milliken's Bend to New Carthage March 31-April 17. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Big Black River May 17. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Near Clinton July 8. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Battery refitted with 30-lb. Parrott's and ordered to the Dept. of the Gulf August 13. Duty at Carrollton till September 3. Moved to Brashear City September 3-4, and to Berwick City September 24. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 30. Duty at Brashear City till December. Moved to New Orleans and duty there till April 22, 1864. Red River Campaign April-May. Moved to Alexandria April 22-28, and duty there till May 13. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. At Morganza and New Orleans till August, then moved to Baton Rouge, La. Bayou Letsworth August 11. Expedition to Clinton August 23-29. Olive Branch, Comite River and Clinton August 25. Expedition to Clinton, Greensburg and Camp Moore October 5-9. Expedition to Brookhaven, Miss., November 14-21. Liberty Creek November 15. Jackson November 21. Davidson's Expedition to Mobile & Ohio Railroad November 26-December 13. Duty at New Orleans and Baton Rouge till July, 1865. Mustered out July 18, 1865.

Battery lost during service 5 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 22 Enlisted men by disease. Total 28.

Unidentified Civil War Soldier CDV with Nashville Backmark

A nice waist up image of a Civil War soldier with a Nashville, Tennessee backmark.  The image is interesting in the fact the coat is a cavalry jacket.  The jacket is not the standard Union cavalry jacket with a high collar and yellow pipping.  The collar on this image is low and is very much like the jackets worn by the Confederate cavalry.  I am not saying it is Confederate, I am just saying you be the judge and look at the jacket.  The backmark is
"T.M. Schleister, Photographer, Nashville, Tennessee".

8th Wisconsin Infantry Identified CDV with Vicksburg Back Mark

A great seated image of Joseph J. Putney of the 8th Wisconsin Infantry.  Putney was in the 8th Wisconsin from September, 1861 until January, 1864.  He was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant in the 3rd US Colored Troop Cavalry in January, 1864 and finished the war with them.  The 3rd USCT Cavalry mustered out January, 1866.    The image is pencil signed on the front of the image.  It says "Yours - J.J. Putney".  The backmark on the image is D.P. Barr, Army Photographer, Palace of Art, Vicksburg, Miss.".  The 8th Wisconsin had Abe, the war eagle, as a mascot.

8th Wisconsin

The Eighth Regiment was organized at Camp Randall, Madison, and its muster into the 
United States service completed on the 13th of September, 1861, and on the 12th of October, it left the State for St. Louis.

Arriving at St. Louis on the 14th of October, the regiment was soon after sent to Pilot Knob, on the Iron Mountain Railroad. On the 20th, the regiment marched with other forces under Colonel Carlin, to Frederick town, twenty-two miles, where a rebel force under Jeff Thompson, was encountered and totally routed, and pursued to Greenville. The Eighth was stationed in the town to guard the baggage, and was not actively engaged. Returning to Pilot Knob after the pursuit, they engaged in railroad guard duty, taking part in an expedition to the St. Francis River in November. On the 25th, they moved to Sulpher Springs, where they were engaged in railroad guard duty until the 25th of January, 1862, when the regiment proceeded to Cairo, and was employed in guard and garrison duty until the 4th of March, when it moved along the line of the Cairo and Fulton Railroad, and joined the forces of General Pope, near New Madrid, being assigned to duty at Point Pleasant, nine miles below, in the Fifth Division, under the command of General Plummer. Here they were on duty in rifle pits on the river bank, to prevent the landing of the rebel gunboats. On the 7th of April, with General Plummer's command, the regiment marched to New Madrid, and crossed the river to the Kentucky shore, to assist in the pursuit of the flying rebels after the evacuation of Island No. 10, returning to New Madrid on the 9th.

General Pope's command embarked on steamers to go down the river to Memphis, but on reaching the vicinity of Fort Pillow, the orders were countermanded, and the transports turned about and steamed up the river to Cairo, thence they proceeded up the Tennessee River and joined General Halleck's forces in front of Corinth, camping at Hamburg on the 22d of April, and moving on the lst of May, to near Farmington. Here the regiment was placed in the Second Brigade, General Plummer, Second Division, General Stanley, in General Pope's "Army of the Mississippi." A reconnaissance in the direction of Corinth was made on the 8th, by the divisions of Generals Paine and Stanley. On the 9th, Major Jefferson, with a detachment, was on duty at the outpost, a mile and a half in advance of the lines, when he was attacked, and after holding the enemy's skirmishers in check for some time, was obliged to fall back to the brigade. The object of the reconnaissance being effected, the forces returned, leaving the brigade of General Plummer to bring up the rear. The rebels opened with artillery with considerable effect. The brigade was ordered to the top of the hill, where the rebels were found within range, and a brisk fire being opened upon them, the enemy fell back. The brigade then retired to a piece of timber,where they were again annoyed by the enemy's artillery.

The ground was held here by the Eighth Regiment until the rest of the brigade retired, and the rebels began turning their right flank, when the Eighth also fell back in good order, bringing up the rear of our retreating forces. For the gallantry thus displayed, the regiment received the commendation of their superior officers in general orders.

The casualties in the battle of Farmington, were 5 killed or died of wounds and 14 wounded.

The regiment was under command of Lieutenant Colonel Robbins, and Major Jefferson, both of whom, with all the officers and men, displayed the greatest coolness and bravery in this their first battle with the rebels. The loss of Captain Perkins and Lieutenant Beamish, was greatly lamented.

They remained at Farmington until the 28th, when they marched to the front, about three-fourths of a mile from the enemy's works at Corinth, and with the brigade, lay down in a ravine which run nearly parallel with the enemy's works. Here they lay until 3, P. M., while the artillery from both sides played over their heads. At that hour a rebel infantry force advanced to turn their right, and capture our batteries. The battery in front of the Eighth withdrew except one gun. Seeing this, the enemy rushed for it, but just as they were about to lay hands on it, the Eighth moved to the brow of the hill and poured such tremendous volleys into their ranks, as to check their advance, and after some very sharp fighting, the rebels were forced to retire to the woods in disorder. By their promptness and energy, the Eighth saved the right flank from being turned, and the brigade from being routed. This was the last stand made by the rebels before Corinth, they evacuating their works on the night of the 29th.

The casualties in the skirmish before Corinth were 2 killed, 5 wounded.

The brigade joined in the pursuit of the enemy as far as Boonville, capturing a large quantity of stores. On the 12th of June, they marched to "Camp Clear Creek," nine miles south of Danville, where they remained in summer quarters until the 18th of August, engaged in guard and fatigue duty, and in acquiring thorough brigade and battalion drill. Colonel Murphy was in command of the brigade. On that day they moved to Tuscumbia, Ala., arriving on the 22d. Here Colonel Murphy was put in command of the post, Major Jefferson was appointed Provost Marshall, and the Eighth employed as Provost Guard.

Colonel Murphy left Tuscumbia, with his brigade, on the 8th of September, and proceeded towards Iuka, reaching that place on the 12th, and found it deserted by the Union forces. Three of his regiments, and his artillery were ordered forward to Burnsville, leaving him the Eighth, and about 400 Minnesota men and 2 or 300 Illinois cavalry. This force was attacked next day, by the advance of General Price's army. Finding himself outnumbered, Colonel Murphy withdrew with his command, and marched to Farmington. Reaching that place, a larger force was sent forward towards Iuka under Colonel Mower, and the Eighth returned with them. Colonel Mower went within two miles of the town, and found it occupied by General Price in force, he therefore returned to Burnsville. For abandoning Iuka, Colonel Murphy was placed under arrest.

The divisions of Generals Hamilton and Stanley, moved from Clear Creek to Jacinto, for the purpose of making an attack on Price at Iuka, from the southeast. At Jacinto, the Eighth Regiment joined the brigade in Stanley's division, and marched with it, and was present at the battle of Iuka, on the 19th, but being placed on the left, and in the reserve, were not actively engaged, though they had five men wounded. The brigade joined in the pursuit the enemy as far as Aberdeen, when they returned to Corinth, through Jacinto to Rienzi and Kossuth, and arrived at Corinth on the afternoon of the 3d of October, while the battle at that place was at its height. The rebels bad succeeded in driving back our troops from the enter breastworks, and a new line was formed about a mile and a half from Corinth. The Second Brigade of Stanley's division went to the support of General Davies. The rebels advanced from the old breastworks and attacked the whole line, massing their troops against Davies, and after a fierce and bloody contest, compelling him to retire. Stanley's Second Brigade, consisting of the Eighth Wisconsin, Eleventh Missouri, Twenty-sixth and Forty-seventh Illinois regiments now moved to the front, taking the position abandoned by our retreating troops, and for a time, checked the enemy's advance. For more than an hour the brigade held the enemy at bay and under a most terrific fire, fought with the utmost gallantry. They subsequently fell back to within about a quarter of a mile from the edge of the town, with the rest of our forces, where they formed in positions to support the batteries of siege guns and field pieces, planted behind the earthworks which had been constructed by the Union troops. On the next day the Eighth occupied a position in the centre, where it suffered no loss.

The casualties in the battle of Corinth were 21 killed or died of wounds and 60 wounded.

The enemy were pursued forty miles, when the regiment returned to Corinth and engaged in guard duty and building fortifications. On the 2d of November, they moved to Grand Junetion, and took part in the southward movement of General Grant's forces in his first attempt to reach the rear of Vicksburg, in December, 1862, to cooperate with Sherman's movement down the Mississippi, being employed at Davis' Mills, Lumpkin's Mills, at Waterford, Abbeville, Oxford, Tallahatchie, Holly Springs, and LaGrange, in performing guard duty, building bridges, provost guard duty, and kindred service.

The surrender of Holly Springs, on the 20th of December, with its immense stores for Grant's army, defeated that enterprise. For this surrender Colonel Murphy, who was in command of the post of Holly Springs, was dismissed the service in February, and Lieutenant Colonel Robbins was appointed Colonel, Major Jefferson Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain Britton Major, of the Eighth.

The regiment moved in January, from LaGrange by way of Corinth to Germantown, Tenn., where they were employed in building fortifications, and guard duty, until March llth, when they marched to Memphis, and joined the forces intended by General Grant to operate against Vicksburg, which were being concentrated near Helena. On the 29th, they proceeded down the river to Young's Point, near Vicksburg, where they engaged in fatigue duty, digging canal and building roads. The regiment was in Mower's brigade of Tuttle's division, of Sherman's Fifteenth Army Corps. With the Fifteenth Corps the brigade left Young's Point, on the 2d of May, marched to Hard Times Landing, crossed to Grand Gulf, and proceeded towards Raymond, Miss., driving the enemy before them into Jackson, where in conjunction with General McPherson's Seventeenth Corps, they assaulted the enemy's works carried them, and took possession of the Capital of Mississippi on the 14th. Lieutenant Colonel Jefferson was made Provost Marshal, and the Eighth acted as Provost guard, and was detailed to destroy Confederate stores.

They left Jackson on the 16th, and moved to Walnut Hills, forming on the extreme right of the investing force around Vicksburg. Here on the 22d, they took part in the celebrated assault on the enemy's works. General Mower's brigade moved up a ravine, marching by the flank in four ranks. The ravine was soon so filled with fallen men that the brigade could not get through. Four companies of the Eighth turned to the right under cover of a hill, and got close under the enemy's works. The fight was kept up till dark, when the brigade withdrew to their former position, and was highly complimented for their gallantry.

The casualties reported were 4 killed or died of wounds and 15 wounded.

On the 25th, the brigade joined an expedition against General Johnston at Mechanicsburg, and after capturing a large number of cattle and mules, and destroying a large quantity of corn and cotton, they returned to Haines Bluff, and thence proceeded up the Yazoo River to Satartia, and from thence again marched to Mechanicsburg, meeting a force of cavalry and infantry, which they defeated and drove through that place.

The Eighth was the only regiment engaged, and lost two men wounded.

Returning to Haines' Bluff, they subsequently moved to Young's Point, and camped, and on the 14th of June, marched to Richmond, La., where they routed the enemy and took possession of the town, capturing thirty prisoners and having six men wounded, returning to their former position at Young's Point on the 16th of June. They remained here on duty opposite the city while the seige of Vicksburg was progressing, until the 12th of July, engaged in severe and dangerous duty, acting, as sharpshooters, and being exposed to the fire of the enemy's great guns in the city. They were expected to prevent the escape of the enemy across the river. Occasionally they would receive a shelling, from the rebels, but they were not to be driven from their post. The position was very unhealthy, and the regiment suffered greatly from sickness. On the 12th of July, they moved to Vicksburg, and subsequently went into Camp Sherman, on Bear Creek, remaining there till the 26th of September, engaged in guard and fatigue duty. On that day, the brigade moved to Black River Bridge, and went into camp, and remained until the 13th of October.

Colonel Robbins resigned on the 1st of September, and the regiment remained under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Jefferson.

On the 13th of October, the brigade joined in a reconnaissance in force, under General McPherson, towards Canton, Miss.returning to camp at Black River Bridge on the 19th, where they remained until the 7th of November, when they proceeded to Vicksburg, thence to Memphis, and from there to La Grange, Tenn., and camped. At this point and Saulsbury, nine miles distant, the regiment was stationed until January, engaged in the performance of guard duty and skirmishing with the enemy, together with expeditions towards Pocahontas, against the forces of the rebel Forrest.
3rd U.S. Colored Troops Cavalry
Organized from 1st Mississippi Cavalry (African Descent) March 11, 1864. Attached to 1st Brigade, United States Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Miss., Dept. of the Tennessee, to April, 1864. Winslow's Cavalry Brigade, District of Vicksburg, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to January, 1865. Unattached Cavalry, District of West Tennessee to June, 1865. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to January, 1866.

SERVICE.--Duty at Vicksburg, Miss., and in that District till December, 1864. Action at Roach's Plantation, Miss., March 30. Columbus, Ky., April 11 and 13 (Detachment). Expedition from Haines' Bluff up Yazoo River April 19-23. Near Mechanicsburg April 20. Expedition from Vicksburg to Yazoo City May 4-21. Benton May 7 and 9. Yazoo City May 13. Near Vicksburg June 4. Expedition from Vicksburg to Pearl River July 2-10. Jackson July 7. Utica July 13. Grand Gulf July 16. Bayou Tensas, La., August 26. Expedition from Goodrich Landing to Bayou Macon August 28-31. Expedition from Vicksburg to Deer Creek September 21-26. Near Rolling Fork September 22-23. Expedition from Vicksburg to Rodney and Fayette September 29-October 3. Expedition from Natchez to Woodville October 4-11. Fort Adams October 5. Woodville October 5-6. Operations in Issaqueena and Washington counties October 21-31. Steele's Bayou October 23. Expedition from Vicksburg to Gaines' Landing, Ark., and Bayou Macon, La., November 6-8. Rolling Fork November 11. Expedition from Vicksburg to Yazoo City November 23-December 4. Big Black River Bridge November 27. Moved to Memphis, Tenn. Grierson's Expedition from Memphis, Tenn., to destroy Mobile & Ohio Railroad December 21, 1864-January 5, 1865. Franklin Creek December 21-22, 1864. Okolona December 27. Egypt Station December 28. Franklin January 2, 1865. Moved to Memphis from Vicksburg, Miss., January 5-10. Duty there and in District of West Tennessee till April. Expedition from Memphis to Brownsville, Miss., April 23-26. Moved to Vicksburg April 29-May 1 and operating about Natchez for the capture of Jeff Davis May. Operations about Fort Adams May 3-6. Duty in District of West Tennessee and Dept. of Mississippi till January, 1866. Mustered out January 26, 1866.


Captain John W. Kendall, 124 Illinois Infantry CDV

A nice CDV of Captain John W. Kendall, Company "H", 124th Illinois Infantry.  Kendall was commisioned captain in September, 1862 and was mustered out August 15, 1865.  The  image has a "Washington Gallery, Odd Fellows' Hall, Vicksburg, Miss." backmark.  It is signed in period ink "Capt. J.W. Kendall - Co. H, 124th Ill. Infty.".
One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Infantry.-Col., Thomas J.
Sloan; Lieut.-Cols., John H. Howe, Adin Mann; Majs., Rufus P.
Pattison, Adin Mann.  This regiment was a representative,
self-raised regiment, recruited from Henry, Kane, McDonough,
Sangamon, Jersey, Adams, Wayne, Cook, Putnam, Pike, Mercer and
Christian counties.  On Aug. 27, 1862, the first company went
into camp at Camp Butler, near Springfileld, and six days
later all were in camp and the field officers chosen.  On
Sept. 10, it was mustered into the U.S. service for three
years and on Oct. 6, left for the front, arriving at Jackson,
Tenn., on the 9th.  On May 1, after a rapid march of about 12
miles, it received its baptism of fire in the battle of Port
Gibson.  It bore an important part in the battle of Raymond,
was also at the capture of Jackson, and did noble service at
the battle of Champion's hill, capturing more men from the
43rd Ga. than its own ranks numbered.  It also killed most of
the men and horses of a battery, and captured the guns.  The
loss of the regiment in this action was 63 killed and wounded.
It was in the fearful charge at Vicksburg on May 22, and
occupied the extreme advance position gained that day during
the whole of the siege.  At the mine explosion on June 25, the
regiment lost 49 men in killed and wounded in what was called
the "slaughter pen," being ordered into the crater formed by
the explosion, two companies at a time for half an hour, all
day of the 26th.  After a stay in Vicksburg and vicinity of
nearly two years, it was transferred in the spring of 1865, to
the Department of the Gulf and participated in the siege and
capture of Mobile.  On Aug. 16, 1865, eleven days less than
three years since the first company went into camp at
Springfield, the regiment was mustered out at Camp Douglas.
One officer alone was killed in the service, and he was
sitting in his tent off duty when struck at the siege of
Vicksburg.  Two others resigned from wounds and 2 died. 
Twenty men were killed in action, 29 died from wounds, 5 were
captured when detailed on a scout, 4 of whom did not live to
return and 137 men died of disease.

Brevet Brigadier General Lionel A. Sheldon, 42nd Ohio Infantry CDV

Lionel Allen Sheldon enlisted as Lt. Colonel of the 42nd Ohio Infantry on September 5, 1861 and was mustered out December 2, 1864.  He was promoted Colonel of the 42nd on March 14, 1862 and was promoted Brigadier General by brevet on March 13, 1865.  He served after the war in the US House of Representatives and was Governor of the New Mexico Territory.  The image is a bust up view of Sheldon and is signed by Sheldon.  There is no backmark on the image.
Information on the 42nd Ohio Infantry.

Moved to Catlettsburg, Ky., December 14, 1861; then to Louisa, Ky. Garfield's Campaign against Humphrey Marshall December 23, 1861 to January 30, 1862. Advance on Paintsville, Ky., December 31, 1861 to January 7, 1862. Jennies Creek January 7. Occupation of Paintsville January 8. Middle Creek, near Prestonburg, January 10. Occupation of Prestonburg January 11. Expedition to Pound Gap, Cumberland Mountains, March 14–17, Pound Gap March 16. Cumberland Gap Campaign March 28-June 18. Cumberland Mountain April 28. Occupation of Cumberland Gap June 18 to September 16. Tazewell July 26. Operations about Cumberland Gap August 2–6. Big Springs August 3. Tazewell August 6. Evacuation of Cumberland Gap and retreat to the Ohio River September 17-October 3. Expedition to Charleston October 21-November 10. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., November 10, and duty there until December 20. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 20, 1862 to January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26–28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3–10, 1863. Assault and capture of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, January 10–11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 17. Duty there and at Milliken's Bend, La., until April 25. Operations from Milliken's Bend to New Carthage March 31-April 17. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25–30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Skirmish near Edwards Station May 15. Battle of Champion Hill May 16. Big Black River May 17. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5–10. Near Clinton July 8. Siege of Jackson July 10–17, Moved to New Orleans, La., August 13. Duty at Carrollton, Berwick, and Brashear City until October. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 20. Duty at Plaquemine November 21, 1863 to March 24, 1864. Provost duty at Baton Rouge until May 1. Expedition to Clinton May 1–3. Comite River May 1. Moved to Simsport May 18, thence to Morganza and duty there until September 6. Expeditions up White River July 15 and September 6–15. Moved to Duvall's Bluff, Ark., September 15, and duty there until November.

Captain David N. Prince, 42nd Ohio Infantry CDV

David N. Prince enlisted as a sergeant in September, 1861 and served until December, 1864.  He was promoted to 1st Lieut. on June 5, 1862 and was promoted to captain January 1, 1864.  A nice clean image with Prince in a bust view.  Written in period ink on the front of the image is "Yours Truly, D.N. Prince".  There is no backmark but written on the back of the image is "Home - St Paris  Champaign County  Ohio  Feb 22nd  1864".
Information on the 42nd Ohio Infantry.

Moved to Catlettsburg, Ky., December 14, 1861; then to Louisa, Ky. Garfield's Campaign against Humphrey Marshall December 23, 1861 to January 30, 1862. Advance on Paintsville, Ky., December 31, 1861 to January 7, 1862. Jennies Creek January 7. Occupation of Paintsville January 8. Middle Creek, near Prestonburg, January 10. Occupation of Prestonburg January 11. Expedition to Pound Gap, Cumberland Mountains, March 14–17, Pound Gap March 16. Cumberland Gap Campaign March 28-June 18. Cumberland Mountain April 28. Occupation of Cumberland Gap June 18 to September 16. Tazewell July 26. Operations about Cumberland Gap August 2–6. Big Springs August 3. Tazewell August 6. Evacuation of Cumberland Gap and retreat to the Ohio River September 17-October 3. Expedition to Charleston October 21-November 10. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., November 10, and duty there until December 20. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 20, 1862 to January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26–28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3–10, 1863. Assault and capture of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, January 10–11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 17. Duty there and at Milliken's Bend, La., until April 25. Operations from Milliken's Bend to New Carthage March 31-April 17. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25–30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Skirmish near Edwards Station May 15. Battle of Champion Hill May 16. Big Black River May 17. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5–10. Near Clinton July 8. Siege of Jackson July 10–17, Moved to New Orleans, La., August 13. Duty at Carrollton, Berwick, and Brashear City until October. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 20. Duty at Plaquemine November 21, 1863 to March 24, 1864. Provost duty at Baton Rouge until May 1. Expedition to Clinton May 1–3. Comite River May 1. Moved to Simsport May 18, thence to Morganza and duty there until September 6. Expeditions up White River July 15 and September 6–15. Moved to Duvall's Bluff, Ark., September 15, and duty there until November.

General Giles Alexander Smith CDV

A nice bust shot in an oval image of General Giles A. Smith.  Smith started his Civil War career as a captain of the 8th Missouri Infantry (US).  After Fort Donelson, Shiloh, and Corinth, Smith succeeded his brother as colonel of the 8th Missouri.  In the attack on Chickasaw Bluffs in December, 1862 and the capture of Arkansas Post in January, 1863, he commanded a brigade, first in the XII Caorps and then in the XV Corps.  Smith served through out  the ensuing Vicksburg campaign and the subsequent expulsion of General Joseph Johnson at Jackson, Mississippi.  He was severly wounded at Missionary Ridge.  He led a division of the XVII Corps at the battle of Atlanta.  He was brevetted major general on September 1, 1864, and led his division on the March to the Sea, and on to the Carolina campaign.
THe image is of a bearded Smith in his brigadier's uniform.  There is no backmark but a  two cent President Washington stamp is on the back.

Major General Ulysses S. Grant CDV with a Vicksburg backmark!


A great bust image of General U. S. Grant with a Vicksburg backmark.  The image is of Grant as a major general.  Written below the image is "Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant" and the copywrite information for Barr & Young in 1863.  The backmark on the image is "Barr & Young, Army Photographers, Palace of Art, Vicksburg, Mississippi".  While Grant is an easy image to find, one with a VIcksburg backmark is very difficult to acquire.

General John Aaron Rawlings CDV with a Vicksburg backmark!

A nice image of General John A. Rawlins with a Vicksburg backmark.  The image is a bust shot with "Brig Genl Rawlins" in period ink written on the front below the image.  The backmark is "Barr & Young, Army Photographers, Vicksburg, Mississippi". 
General Rawlins started his CIvil War career by teaming up with an ex-captain of the army who clerked in his brother's leather store, U.S. Grant.  Within eight years Grant would be President and rawlins his Secretary of War.  Grant asked Rawlins to be his aide-de-camp, and on August 30, 1861, he was commisioned captain and assistant adjutant general on the staff of Grant, who was then brigadier general.  As Grant attained fame and promotion, he secured for Rawlins appropriate advances in grade: he was made major on May 14, 1862; Lt. Colonel November, 1862; brigadier general of volunteers August 11, 1863; and brigadier general, chief of staff, U.S. Army, to rank March 3, 1865.  Rawlins was also brevetted major general in both the volunteer and regularservices. 

General Ulysses S. Grant CDV


A nice bust shot of General Ulysses S. Grant, commander of the Union armies in the Civil War.  On the front of the image is in period ink "Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant - Galena, Ills.".  There is no backmark but written in period ink is "Comdg. Dep't and Army of the Tenn. - July 4th, 1863.".  July 4th, 1863 was when Grant accepted Pemberton's surrender at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  A nice, clean image.

General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden CDV

A great CDV of General Thomas L. Crittenden.  The image is a waist up view of Crittenden as a major general.  The backmark is E. & H.T. Anthony. 
Crittenden served in the Mexican War as an aide to General Zachary Taylor, and was colonel of the 3rd Kentucky Infantry.  At the start of the Civil War, Crittenden remained loyal to the Union and became commander of the Kentucky forces still loyal to the Union.  He was appointed brigadier general in September, 1861.  After the battle of Shiloh, Crittenden was commisioned major general on July 17, 1862.  During the campaigns of Tullahoma and Chickamauga, he was one of Rosencran's principal lieutenants.  Rosencrans tried to blame his Chickamauga defeat on Crittenden, McCook, and Negley but all were aquitted after the investigation.  He served as a colonel in the regular army after the war.

General James H. Wilson CDV

General James Harrison Wilson was a West Point graduate in 1860.  He was the chief topographical engineer in the Port Royal expedition and the Department of the South, taking part in the reduction of Fort Pulaski.  He acted as aide-de-camp to General George McClellan during the Maryland campaign in the fall of 1862.  Soon after WIlson joined U.S. Grant's headquarters in the West.  He took part in all the battles of the Vicksburg campaign and was promoted brigadier general on October 30, 1863.  Wison continued on staff during the battle of Chattanooga and was chief engineer under W.T. Sherman at Knoxville.  On February 17, 1864 he was assigned as chief of the cavalry bureau in Washington.  Grant had Wison assigned to General Phil Sheridan's command which he handled with boldness and skill.  He was moved west again in October 1864 and fought at Franklin and Nashville.  THe following spring, WIlson overwhelmed General Nathan Bedford Forrest at Selma, Alabama.  He was made a major general of volunteers and brevetted amajor general in the Regular Army.
This image has General Wilson seated holding a sword.  You can see the tops of his boots, his belt plate, and his sword in the image.  The backmark is "Morse's Gallery of the Cumberland, Nashville, Tenn.".  The carte is trimmed on the top and the bottom of the carte.  It does not affect the image.

General Joseph A. Mower CDV - 11th Missouri Infantry

General Joseph Anthony Mower began his military career as a private in the Mexican War.  In 1855 he was appointed a second lieutenant of the 1st U.S. Infantry.  During the CIvil War he made a magnificent record as regimental, brigade, divisional, and corps commander successively.  Elected colonel of the 11th Missouri Infantry in May, 1862, he was promoted to brigadier general on March 16, 1863, and to major general on August 12, 1864.  By the end of the war he had been brevetted for gallantry through all grades to that of major general in the regular service.  He fought at the battle of Iuka and Corinth where he was wounded, captured, escaped, and recaptured.  Next he directed a brigade of W.T. Sherman's XV Corps in the Vicksburg campaign.  He accompanied N.P. Banks on the ill-fated campaign up the Red River, led the attacking column into Fort De Russy, and commanded the rear guard at Yellow Bayou during the retreat.  Soon after he was given command of a division.  Sherman stated Mower was "the boldest young soldier we have."  Mower served with Sherman in Georgia and the Carolna campaign after taking part against Sterling Price in the latter's "invasion of Missouri" in the early part of 1864.  Mower stayed in the Regular Army after the war and died in New Orleans in 1870.
This is a bust shot of General Mower with no backmark.  Someone has written some of his information in ball point ink on the back.

General Lorenzo Thomas CDV with Vicksburg Backmark

General Lorenzo Thomas graduated West Point in 1823.  He participated twice in the campaigns against the Seminole Indians.  During the Mexican War he was chief of staff to General William O. Butler.  From 1853 to 1861 he served as chief of staff to General Winfield Scott.  Thomas antagonized Secretary of War Stanton and was banished from Washington in 1863 to organize colored regiments in the Military Division of the Mississippi.  At the end of the war he recieved a brevet to major general. 
The image of General Thomas is in an oval as a brigadier general.  The backmark is "Barr & Young, Army Photographers, Vicksburg, Mississippi".

Admiral David Porter CDV

A nice image of Admiral David Porter.  The image is a waist up image.  The backmark is "E.& H.T. Anthony, New York - from Photographic Negatives from the Brady National Portrait Gallery".
On the 27th of February, 1841, he was commissioned a lieutenant, and ordered to the frigate Congress, a forty-four gun vessel-of war he then rejoined the Mediterranean squadron, and after a short time this vessel was ordered on the Brazilian station. He still retained his position on the same frigate, and was on her more than four years; for his name is recorded as one of her lieutenants on the rolls of the Navy Department for the years commencing January 1, 1842, 1813, 1844, and 1845. He had not risen much during these years; for on the first mentioned date his name stood at No, 267 on the list of lieutenants; on the second at No. 258; on the third at No. 245, and on the last at No. 232. At the latter end of 1845 he was attached to the Observatory at Washington on special duty, which position he still held at the commencement and during a part of the year 1846. He then stood No. 228 on the list. On January 1, 1847, after having performed some brilliant exploits in the Gulf of Mexico during the Mexican war, he is entered as being in charge of the rendezvous at New Orleans, from which he was detached to again join the Coast Survey, on which service his name is recorded on January 1, 1848.  During this year he was appointed to the command of the schooner Petrel, engaged on the survey.

In February, 1849, he left New York as the commander of the steamship Panama, the third of the vessels constituting the line of American mail steamers first established for service on the Pacific. The pioneer passage of the Panama was attended with incidents which displayed on the part of the commander courage, caution, patience, and thoroughly competent qualifications for the post to which he had been assigned. After taking the vessel safely to Panama Bay, he was ordered to New York to the command of the mail steamer Georgia, which command he held during the latter part of 1850, the years 1851 and 1852, and a great portion of 1853.

Amongst the many gallant exploits of Admiral Porter was that of running the steamer Crescent City (appropriately named) into the harbor of Havana, during the excitement between the two countries relative to the ship Black Warrior. The Spanish government had refused to permit any United States vessel to enter that port. Running under the shotted guns of Moro Castle, he was ordered to halt. He promptly replied that he carried the United States flag and the United States mails, and, by the Eternal, he would go in; and he did, the Habaneros fearing to fire upon him. He said afterwards that he intended firing his six-pounder at them once in defiance, after which he would haul down his flag. During the Mexican war, Admiral Porter, then a lieutenant, took a very active part in the naval portion of that conflict. He was the executive officer and first lieutenant under the famous Commodore Tatnall, who had charge of the mosquito fleet in the waters of the Gulf. Their adventures before Vera Cruz are not likely soon to be forgotten.

On the 1st of January, 1854, he is recorded absent again on leave, and at the beginning of the next year awaiting orders. His name now stood at No. 138. During 1855 he was ordered 
to the command of the storeship Supply, and held this command during the next year, until February, 1857. He was then ordered on shore duty, and on the 1st of January, 1860, was at the Navy Yard at Portsmouth as third in command.

At the beginning of the year 1861, he was under orders to join the Coast Survey on the Pacific, but, fortunately, had not left when the rebellion broke out. His name at this time stood number six on the list of lieutenants. The resignation of several naval traitors left room for his advancement, and the "Naval Register" for August 31, 1861, places him number seventy-seven on the list of commanders, with twenty others between him and the next grade of' rank below. He was then placed in command of the steam sloop-of-war Powhatan, a vessel of about twenty-five hundred tons, and armed with eleven guns. In her he took part in one section of the blockading squadron, and left that ship to take the special charge of the mortar expedition. The active part he took in the reduction of the forts below New Orleans will make his name ever memorable in connection with the mortar fleet, or "bummers," as the sailors term them. After the capture of New Orleans he, with his fleet, went up the Mississippi river, and was engaged in several affairs on that river, including that of Vicksburg. From that place he, was ordered to the James river, and returned in the Octorara. When off Charleston, on his way to Fortress Monroe, he fell in with and captured the Anglo-rebel steamer Tubal Cain. It was at first supposed that he would have been placed in command of the James river flotilla; but from some cause this plan was changed. He was allowed leave of absence to recruit his health, while his mortar fleet was engaged on the Chesapeake and in front of Baltimore.

In October, 1862, he was appointed to the command of the Mississippi gunboat flotilla, as successor to Commodore Davis, with the rank of acting rear-admiral, and was required to co-operate with General Grant in the assault and siege of Vicksburg. His services in that siege form a record of which any man. might be proud. His squadron was a large one, composed of vessels of all sizes, many of them constructed under his own supervision, and a considerable number were armed steamers, plated with from three to four and a half inches of iron and capable of resisting the shot of any but the heaviest batteries. His previous very thorough knowledge of the Mississippi river was of great advantage to him in this service, as well as in his operations previously and subsequently in the lower Mississippi. In General Grant he evidently found a co-worker after his own heart, for imperious and exacting as the admiral's temper is, they had no difficulties, and he entered most heartily into all the general's efforts to find a suitable point for assailing successfully the Gibraltar of the rebellion. Previous to the coming of General Grant's army to Young's Point, Admiral Porter had cleared the lower Yazoo of torpedoes, losing one gunboat (the Cairo) in the attempt; had assisted General Sherman to the utmost of his ability in his attack upon Chickasaw Bluffs; and accompanying General MeClernand in his expedition to the post of Arkansas and the White river, had bombarded the fort (Fort Hindman) till it surrendered, and broken up the other small forts and driven out the rebel steamers on the White river. He also succeeded in blockading eleven rebel steamers in the Yazoo. His activity during the next six months was incessant; now sending gunboats and rams down the river past the batteries of Vicksburg to destroy the rebel rams and steamers and capture the supplies intended for Vicksburg and Port Hudson; then firing at the upper or lower batteries of Vicksburg, cutting the levee at Yazoo pass and endeavoring to force a passage through the Yallobusha and Tallahatehee into the Yazoo; and failing in this, cutting his way through the labyrinth of bayous and creeks to attain the same end. These exercises were varied by sending occasionally a coal barge fitted up as a monitor, past the batteries, greatly to the fright of the rebels, who, after concentrating the fires of their batteries on the contrivance without effect, were so badly scared as to destroy the best gunboat (the Indianola taken from Lieutenant Commander Brown) they had on the river, from fear of its capture by this formidable monitor. Then came the hazardous experiment of running gunboats past the batteries, twice repeated, to aid General Grant in his movement to approach Vicksburg from below and from the rear. The success of these enterprises, only two transports out of sixteen or eighteen, and none of the gunboats, being destroyed, was remarkable, and of itself evinced great skill and caution on the part of the admiral. The fight at Grand Gulf was a severe one, and not successful, but the night following the batteries were run, and the troops ferried over to Bruinsburg, from whence they marched to Jackson and to the rear of Vicksburg. Meanwhile a part of the spuadron had been engaged in aiding Sherman in making a demonstration on Haines' Bluff to draw off the attention of the rebels from Grant's approach by the south.

When, on the 19th of May, Grant's army made their first, assault on the rear of Vicksburg, and on the 22d of May, when the second assault was made, Admiral Porter maintained a heavy fire in front, to distract the attention of the rebels; and during the whole siege, whenever a ball or shell could be thrown from his squadron either above or below the city with good effect, it was promptly and accurately hurled. The surrender of Vicksburg, on the 4th of July, and of Port Hudson on the 9th, opened the Mississippi to our fleet and to merchant steamers, and thenceforth the fleet on the Mississippi acted only as an armed river patrol. The duties of the squadron in these respects were, however, somewhat arduous for a time. The Tennessee and Cumberland rivers, and the Ohio, were included within its cruising ground; and the pursuit of Morgan's expedition to Buffington island, and the repressing of occasional rebel raids, kept them almost constantly on the alert.

Early in March, 1864, Admiral Porter ascended the Red river to co-operate with General Banks in his expedition to break up the rebel posts on that river, and penetrate by that route into Texas. The expedition was at first successful, and captured the forts of the enemy, and their principal towns, in a series of brief engagements. But, as they ascended the river, the greed of gain seemed to take possession of the squadron, and large quantities of cotton were gathered up from both shores of the river and brought on board the gunboats; and they were forced so far up the falling stream, that they were in great danger of being unable to return, and so of becoming a prey to the rebels. The army, too, had been seriously repulsed, and had made a somewhat hasty retreat as far as Grand Ecore. From this point downward the squadron was in constant trouble—the larger vessels getting aground, hard and fast, several times a day, and being compelled to tie up at night; harassed almost every hour by small bodies of rebel troops, whom they could only keep off by a free use of canister and grape shot; not making more than thirty miles a day, and the river constantly falling. At length, thirty miles below Grand Ecore, the Eastport, the largest vessel of the squadron, stuck fast and hard upon the rocks in the channel, and could not be moved; and the admiral was compelled to give orders for her destruction. The attempt made by the rebels to board the Cricket, another of his gunboats, at this juncture, was so severely punished, that they disappeared, and were not seen again until the mouth of Cane river, twenty miles below, was reached. Here was a rebel battery of eighteen guns, and a severe fight ensued. The Cricket, which was but lightly armed (being, as the men were in the habit of saying, only "tin clad"), was very badly cut up, almost every shot going through her, two of her guns being disabled, and half her crew, and her pilot, and chief engineer, being either killed or badly wounded. Here the splendid personal bravery of Admiral Porter proved their salvation. He improvised gunners from the Negroes on board, put an assistant in the place of the chief engineer, took the helm himself, and ran past the battery under a terrific fire, which he returned steadily with such of his guns as were still serviceable. The other gunboats, though sadly injured, at length got by--the Champion, only, being so much disabled as to be unable to go on, and being destroyed by order of Admiral Porter.

On reaching Alexandria, matters were still worse. In the low stage of water, the rapids were impassable by the gunboats, and at first their destruction seemed inevitable. But the engineer o the Nineteenth array corps, Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Bailey (afterward promoted to the rank of brigadier-general for this great service), devised a way of floating them over the rapids, by the construction of a series of wing-dams partly across the river at several points. The task was herculean, but it was skilfully and speedily accomplished, and by the 13th of May all the gunboats had passed the barrier and were on their way to the Mississippi river, still one hundred and fifty miles distant. Before this time, however, two small gunboats and two transports, laden with troops, were attacked by the rebels, and both the transports and one gunboat captured, and the other burned. Admiral Porter returned to his patrol of the Mississippi, from whence, soon after, he was transferred to the command of the North Atlantic squadron. Here he was busy, for a time, with the removal of torpedoes in the navigable waters of Virginia and North Carolina ; in capturing blockade runners; and cruising after the pirates who seized our merchant steamers. But his restless activity and energy could not be satisfied without striking a blow at the chief port of entry for which the blockade runners aimed, and into which at least seven out of every ten succeeded in entering. Willmington, North Carolina, had, during the whole war, been one of the chief seats of the contraband trade of the rebels, and the blockade runners had been more successful in eluding the vigilance, or escaping from the pursuit of the blockading squadron 
there, than either at Charleston or Mobile. This was due in part to its position, and the defences of the harbor. Five forts protected the entrance to the estuary of Cape Fear river; and while they were sufficient to prevent any access to the river by the blockading squadron, they effectually shielded the blockade runners, who succeeded in effecting an entrance, by either inlet, to the estuary. Of these works, Fort Fisher, one of the most formidable earthworks on the coast, was the chief; and it was to the reduction of this, that the attention of Rear-Admiral Porter was directed. The Navy Department, which had been instrumental in his transfer to the North Atlantic squadron, heartily seconded his efforts ; and an arrangement having been made with General Grant for the necessary land forces to cooperate with the squadron, a fleet of naval vessels, surpassing in numbers and equipments any that had been assembled during the war, was collected with dispatch in Hampton Roads. Various circumstances delayed the attack until the 24th of December; 1864. What followed, is best related in the report of the Secretary of the Navy.

"On that day (December 24), Rear-Admiral Porter, with a bombarding force of thirty-seven vessels, five of which were ironclad, and a reserve force of nineteen vessels, attacked the forts at the mouth of Cape Fear river, and silenced them in one hour and a quarter; but there being no troops to make an assault or attempt to possess them, nothing beyond the injury inflicted on the works and the garrison was accomplished by the bombardment. A renewed attack was made the succeeding day, but with scarcely better results. The fleet shelled the forts during the day and silenced them, but no assault was made, or attempted, by the troops which had been disembarked for that purpose. Major-General Butler, who commanded the co-operating force, after a reconnoissance, came to the conclusion that the place could not be carried by an assault.  He therefore ordered a re-embarkation, and informing Rear-Admiral Porter of his intention, returned with his command to Hampton Roads. Immediate information of the failure of the expedition was forwarded to the department by Rear-Admiral Porter, who remained in the vicinity with his entire fleet, awaiting the needful military aid. Aware of the necessity of reducing these works, and of the 
great importance which the Department attached to closing the port of Wilmington, and confident that with adequate military co-operation the fort could be carried, he asked for such co-operation, and earnestly requested that the enterprise should not be abandoned. In this the department and the President fully concurred. On the suggestion of the President, Lieutenant-General Grant was advised of the confidence felt by Rear-Admiral Porter that he could obtain complete success, provided he should be sufficiently sustained. Such military aid was therefore invited as would insure the fall of Fort Fisher.

A second military force was promptly detailed, composed of about 8,500 men, under the command of Major-General A. H. Terry, and sent forward. This officer arrived off Fort Fisher, on the 13th of January. Offensive operations were at once resumed by the naval force, and the troops were landed and intrenched themselves, while a portion of the fleet bombarded the works. These operations were continued throughout the 14th with an increased number of vessels. The 15th was the day decided upon for an assault. During the forenoon of that day, forty-four vessels poured an incessant fire into the rebel forts. There was, besides, a force of fourteen vessels in reserve. At 3 P. M., the signal for the assault was made. Desperate fighting ensued, traverse after traverse was taken, and by 10 P. M. the works were all carried, and the flag of the Union floated over them. Fourteen hundred sailors and marines were landed, and participated in the direct assault.

Seventy-five guns, many of them superb rifle pieces, and 1,900 prisoners, were the immediate fruits and trophies of the victory; but the chief value and ultimate benefit of this grand achievement, consisted in closing the main gate through which the insurgents had received supplies from abroad, and sent their own products to foreign markets in exchange.

Light-draught steamers were immediately pushed over the bar, and into the river, the channel of which was speedily buoyed, and the removal of torpedoes forthwith commenced. The rebels witnessing the fall of Fort Fisher, at once evacuated and blew up Fort Caswell, destroyed Bald Head Fort and Fort Shaw, and abandoned Fort Campbell. Within twenty-four hours after the fall of Fort Fisher, the main defence of Cape Fear river, the entire chain of formidable works in the vicinity shared its fate, placing in our possession one hundred and sixty-eight guns of heavy calibre.

The heavier naval vessels, being no longer needed in that quarter, were dispatched in different directions—some to James river and northern ports, others to the Gulf or the South Atlantic squadron. An ample force was retained, however, to support the small but brave army which had carried the traverses of Fort Fisher, and enable it, when reinforcements should arrive, to continue the movement on Wilmington.

Great caution was necessary in removing the torpedoes, always formidable in harbors and internal waters, and which have been more destructive to our naval vessels than all other means combined.

About the middle of February, offensive operations were resumed in the direction of Wilmington, the vessels and the troops moving up the river in concert. Fort Anderson, an important work, was evacuated during the night of the 18th of February, General Schofield advancing upon this fort with 8,000 men, while the gunboats attacked it by water. On the 21st, the rebels were driven from Fort Strong, which left the way to Wilmington unobstructed, and on the 22d of February, that city was evacuated. Two hundred and twelve guns were taken in the works from the entrance to Old river, including those near the city, and thus this great and brilliant achievement was completed."

The failure of General Butler to make the attack when expected, though it would seem to have been justified by the dictates of prudence, and to have been in no respect due to any want of personal courage or daring on the part of the general, was very annoying to Rear-Admiral Porter, and led to an acrimonious correspondence between the two parties, neither of whom were at all chary in their abuse of each other.

The termination of the war soon after the capture of Wilmington, left little more. active service for the North Atlantic squadron, and its reduction and consolidation with the South 
Atlantic squadron followed in June, 1865. Before this, however, on the 28th of April, Rear-Admiral Porter had been relieved, at his own request, of the command of the squadron, and Acting Rear-Admiral Radford succeeded him. In the few months' leave of absence granted him, he visited Europe.

In September, 1865, when the Naval Academy was brought back to Annapolis, and partially re-organized, Rear-Admiral Porter was appointed its superintendent, and has remained in that position since that time. He has infused new energy and character into the instruction there, and the Academy is now a worthy counterpart of the Military Academy at West Point. On the 25th of July, 1866, Vice-Admiral Farragut being promoted to the new rank of Admiral, Rear-Admiral Porter was advanced to the Vice-admiralty.

Vice-Admiral Porter remained in charge of the Naval Academy, though devoting a considerable portion of his time to the details of the Navy Department management, till the commencement of President Grant's administration, when he resigned the superintendency of the Academy, and was for some months, while the department was in charge of Mr. Boric, the Secretary of the Navy de facto, though not de jure. When, soon after, Admiral Farragut set out upon his European tour, Vice-Admiral Porter's presence at Washington was, in some sort, a necessity, as many of the questions which come up for decision in the Navy Department require for their proper solution the judgment and knowledge of naval affairs of a high officer of the Navy. Admiral Farragut died August 14, 1870, and as the rank of Admiral in the Navy had been created expressly to honor him, and it had been the intention to abolish it after his death, there seemed to be a probability that he would have no successor. This probability was very galling to Vice- Admiral Porter. His ambition could be satisfied with nothing short of the highest position, and he immediately initiated measures to ensure his appointment. He had received from President Grant, on the 20th of September, 1870, the temporary promotion, until the next session of Congress, when it was expected that his name would be sent to the Senate for confirmation as Admiral in place of Farragut deceased. He was on terms of friendship and intimacy with the President; and though there might be some objection on the part of the Senate, he considered his confirmation a certainty. At this juncture a letter written by Admiral Porter, January 21, 1865, and addressed to Hon. Gideon Welles, then Secretary of the Navy, was published by Mr. Welles. In that letter Porter, whose temper is none of the sweetest, had made very severe strictures on General Grant, who had, as he supposed, under-rated the part taken by the Navy in the capture of Fort Fisher. The letter was unjust, and written evidently under the impulse of wounded pride and sensitiveness; but while it bore very hardly and unwarrantably on the motives and conduct of the general, it was easy to see that jealousy for the honor of the Navy had led him to write it. The true course for the admiral to have pursued would have been to have explained in a note to the President, that the letter, evidently a confidential one, was written under a misapprehension of the real circumstances of the case, and was a natural ebullition of wounded pride and vexation at what, he afterward learned, was a misstatement of the general's real course, that he had subsequently done him justice, and that the bringing forward of this letter now was simply a pie, of petty malice. Instead of this, Admiral Porter went to the President, and after expressing his regrets, denied all recollection of the matter, and sought to mollify the President's displeasure by such disavowal. We think that the President must have laughed in his sleeve at the trepidation and humiliation of the gallant admiral; but he passed over the offence, nominated the vice-admiral to the Senate for the rank of Admiral, and he was confirmed a few days later. But though the President would not deprive the admiral of what he believed to be a promotion to which he was justly entitled, their intimacy was not subsequently renewed.

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