While an aggressive commander, Farragut was not always cooperative. At the Siege of Port Hudson the plan was that Farragut's flotilla would pass by the guns of the Confederate stronghold with the help of a diversionary land attack by the Army of the Gulf, commanded by General Nathaniel Banks, to commence at 8:00 am on March 15, 1863. Farragut unilaterally decided to move the timetable up to 9:00 pm on March 14, and initiated his run past the guns before Union ground forces were in position. By doing so, the uncoordinated attack allowed the Confederates to concentrate on Farragut's flotilla and inflict heavy damage on his warships.
Farragut's battle group was forced to retreat with only two ships able to pass the heavy cannon of the Confederate bastion. After surviving the gauntlet, Farragut played no further part in the battle for Port Hudson, and General Banks was left to continue the siege without advantage of naval support. The Union Army made two major attacks on the fort, and both were repulsed with heavy losses. Farragut's flotilla was splintered, yet was able to blockade the mouth of the Red River with the two remaining warships; he could not efficiently patrol the section of the Mississippi between Port Hudson and Vicksburg. Farragut's decision proved costly to the Union Navy and the Union Army, which suffered its highest casualty rate of the Civil War at Port Hudson.
Vicksburg surrendered on July 4, 1863, leaving Port Hudson as the last remaining Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River. General Banks accepted the surrender of the Confederate garrison at Port Hudson on July 9, 1863, ending the longest siege in US military history. Control of the Mississippi River was the centerpiece of Union strategy to win the war, and with the surrender of Port Hudson the Confederacy was now severed in two.
On August 5, 1864, Farragut won a great victory in the Battle of Mobile Bay. Mobile was then the Confederacy's last major port open on the Gulf of Mexico. The bay was heavily mined (tethered naval mines were known as torpedoes at the time) . Farragut ordered his fleet to charge the bay. When the monitor USS Tecumseh struck a mine and sank, the others began to pull back.
Farragut could see the ships pulling back from his high perch, where he was lashed to the rigging of his flagship, the USS Hartford. "What's the trouble?", he shouted through a trumpet from the flagship to the USS Brooklyn. "Torpedoes!" was shouted back. "Damn the torpedoes!" said Farragut, "Four bells. Captain Drayton, go ahead! Jouett, full speed!" The bulk of the fleet succeeded in entering the bay. Farragut triumphed over the opposition of heavy batteries in Fort Morgan and Fort Gaines to defeat the squadron of Admiral Franklin Buchanan.
On December 21, 1864, Lincoln promoted Farragut to vice admiral. After the war he was promoted to admiral on July 25, 1866. His last active service was in command of the European Squadron from 1867 to 1868, with the screw frigateUSS Franklin as his flagship. Farragut remained on active duty for life, an honor accorded to only six other US naval officers.
Medal of Honor Winner General John A. Logan CDV with Vicksburg backmark
Item #: vm139
Click image to enlarge
SOLD!!! A nice CDV of General John A. Logan, Medal of Honor winner. Logan started his military career in the Mexican War where he served a s a second lieutenant of Illinois volunteers. He went into politics after the Mexican War and ended up in the U.S. Congress. Logan fought at Bull Run as a volunteer in a Michigan regiment. He returned to Illinois and recruited the 31st Illinois regiment, of which he was commisioned colonel. "Blck Jack" as he was known because of his black eyes and hair became an instant success in the field as a commander. His horse was killed at Belmont and he was wounded at Fort Donelson. He was made a brigadier general on March 21, 1862. He was with Halleck at the seige of Corinth. During the winter campaign in northern Mississippi, Logan was promoted to major general. At Vicksburg, Logan commanded the 3rd Division of McPhereson's XVII Corps. For his services during the seige of the town, where his troops made the desperate assault on the Confederate works which followed the mine explosion, he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. During the Atlanta campaign he was wounded at Dallas, Georgia. When McPhereson was killed at Atlanta, Logan was temporarily in charge of the Army of the Tennessee. When General O.O. Howard was put in permanent command, Logan left the army and worked to carry Illinois for the Republican party in the 1864 election. He returned to command for the Savannah campaign and then fought in the Carolina campaign. The image has Logan in an oval with a Barr & Young, Army Photographers, Vicksburg, Mississippi backmark.
General John A. McClernand was a Black Hawk war private who became a Civil War General by appointment by Abraham Lincoln. He was promoted to a Major General position on March 21, 1862. He played a subversive role in the army, seeking to supplant George McClellan in the East and criticizing U.S. Grant's maneuvers in the West. After conducting an expedition which reduced the Post of Arkansas in January, 1863, he commanded the XIII Corps in the operations against Vicksburg. After a disastrous assault on the Confederate works, McClernand furnished the press with a congratulatory order, extolling his men as the heros of the campaign. This was the final straw with Grant and McClernand was sent home to the relief of the other Union commanders. He reappeared as commander of the XIII Corps the following year until his resignation on November, 1864. The image is a waist up photograph of McClernand as a major general. The backmark is E.& H.T. Anthony.
SOLD!!! A little known but much wounded general, T.E.G. Ransom was wounded four times in the Civil War finally dying from the last wound. At the beginning of the Civil War, Ransom recruited a company of the 11th Illinois Infantry. He served as major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel. He was first wounded at Charleston, Missouri in August, 1861. Again he was wounded at Fort Donelson and Shiloh. Each time he refused to leave the field, and each time he was cited by his superiors for gallant conduct. In June, 1862, Ransom became chief of staff to General John McClernand and inspector general of the Army of the Tennessee, and later commanded a brigade of the XIII Corps. He was made a brigadier general on April 15, 1863, to rank from November 29, 1862, and during the Vicksburg campaign won encomiums from all his superiors for his performance while commanding a brigade of McArthur's division of McPhereson's XVII Corps. After Vicksburg, Grant wanted Ransom to command his cavalry but Ransom was involved in the Red River campaign. At Sabine Cross Roads while commanding the advance, his position was overrun and he was severely wounded. On August 2, 1864, he took charge of a division of the XVI Corps in front of Atlanta: and after the wounding of Grenville Dodge, he commanded the movement which forced John Bell Hood to evacuate Atlanta after the decisive battle of Joneboro. Ransom was next assigned to command of the XVII Corps which pursued the retreating Confederates through North Georgia into Alabama. Despite illness and an aggravation of his partly healed wound, he accompanied his corps on the return from Alabama, dying near Rome, Georgia, October 29, 1864. The image is a three quarter view of General Ransom as a brigadier general. The backmark is an E. & H. T. Anthony by Brady backmark.
A hard to find image of General Ralph P. Buckland from Ohio. Buckland started his CIvil War career as Colonel of the 72 Ohio Infantry in January, 1862. At Shiloh he commanded a brigade in the division of W.T. Sherman, who commended Buckland for resisting the Confederate assault on the first day of the battle. Buckland was appointed brigadier general on November 29, 1862. He commanded a brigade of the XV Corps in the Vicksburg campaign. In January, 1864, he assumed command of the Disatrict of Memphis, where he served until January, 1865. He resigned his commision in order to accept a seat in Congress in which he had been elected "in absentia". He was brevetted major general on March 13, 1865. The image is a bust shot with no backmark.
SOLD!!! A nice image of a hard to find general. A bust view of General Hugh Thompson Reid. The backmark is "Barr & Young, Army Photographers, Fort Pickering, Memphis, Tennessee." In period ink is written "Genl Reid - Iowa".
Reid entered in the Union army as colonel of the 15th Iowa Infantry, a Keokuk regiment. He was badly wounded at Shiloh. He was promoted to brigadier general on April 9, 1863 and commanded a brigade of Negro and white troops of the XVII Corps in the Vicksburg campaign.
SOLD!!! A very nice image of Geneal Andrew Jackson Smith. Born in Pennsylvania he graduated from West Point in 1838. He was commisioned into the 1st Dragoons and served in the west for the next 23 years. He was promoted captain in 1847 and major in 1861. At the beginning of the Civil War, Smith was commisioned colonel of the 2nd California Cavalry but resigned to become chief of cavalry under General Henry HalleckHe was appointed brigadier general on March 20, 1862 and was promoted to major general on May 14, 1864. He fought with Sherman at Chickasaw Bluffs and then was in the XIII Corps at Arkansas Post and the campaign for Vicksburg. He was with Banks on the Red River campaign and then defeated General Forrest at Tupelo, July 14, 1864. He was moved to Missouri and then back to help defeat General Hood at Nashville in December 1864. During the Mobile campaign, he commanded the reorganized XVI Corps. At the close of the was he was breveted major general inthe Regular Army and in 1866 became colonel of the 7th Regular Cavalry. In 1869 he resigned his commision and moved into civilian life. Smithdied in 1897 in St. Louis, Missouri.
The image is a bust shot with Smith wearing his major general's coat and eye glasss. The image was taken by "J.A. Scholten, Artist, 82 North Fourth St., St. Louis, Mo." as stamped in red ink under his photograph on the card. There is no backmark but a green 3 cent tax stamp is on the back.
This is one of my favorite photographs of General Sherman. His eyes tell his story and let us know it really didn't bother him to burn Georgia. Written under the image on the front in period ink is "Gen Sherman". The backmark on the CDV is "Morse's Gallery of the Cumberland, 25 Cedar St., opposite Commercial Hotel, Nashville, Tenn.". A blue two cent George Washington tax stamp is on the back of the card.
A nice, clean image of General John Eugene Smith. The image is a bust shot of General Smith when he was promoted to Major General. The backmark is F. Gutekunst - 712 Arch St. - Philadelphia.".
John E. Smith was the son of a Napoleonic officer whio had fought at the battle of Waterloo. He was born in Berne, Switzerland. He grew up in Philadelphia and learned his trade of jeweler and goldsmith there. He moved to St. Louis and then on to Galena, Illinois. Smith recruited and organized the 45th Illinois Infantry and served as its colonel. He was successively engaged at Forts Henry and Donelson and the battle of Shiloh. Smith was made a brigadier general on November 29, 1862, and during the Vicksburg campaign directed a brigade of General John Logan's division of McPhereson's 17th Corps. At Chattanooga. he was the only 17th Corps division present to take part in the defeat of the Confederate army. He was in the Atlanta campaign, the March to the Sea, and the Carolina campaign. After the war he was commisioned Colonel of the 27th US Infantry. The following year he was brevetted brigadier and major general and served at various posts on the Indian frontier.
General Peter Osterhaus was one of the most distinquished foriegn-born generals in our CIvil War. Osterhaus grew up in Germany and came to the Unitd States in 1849. Heentered the CIvil War in 1861 as a major of a Missouri battalion mustered into Federal service. He fought at Wison's Creek and was made COlonel of the 12th Missouri Infnatry. His next important encounter was at the battle of Elkhorn Tavern, or Pea Ridge, Arkansas. In June 1862 he was appointed a brigadier general of volunteers rank. At the Vicksburg campaign he served under Grant and Sherman and was wounded at the battle of the Big Black River. At Chattanooga, Osterhaus served under General Hooker and wa skey in the Union victory at Missionary Ridge. He was made Major general during the Atlanta campaign. He was involved in SHerman's March to the Sea and the Carolina campaign.
A nice bust shot of General Osterhaus witha E.&H.T. Anthony backmark.
SOLD!!! A hard to find image of General Elias Smith Dennis. The image shows Dennis in his General's uniform. Written on the back of the image in period ink is "Brig. Genl. Dennis - Comdg, 1st Div. - 17th A.C. - The hero of Britton's Lane".
Dennis served in both houses of the Illinois legislature between 1842 and 1846, In the 1850's he was a U.S. marshal in the Kansas Territory. He mustered in the 30th Illinois Infantry as Lt. Colonel in August, 1861. He was commended at Fort Donelson and became COlonel of the 30th Illinois on May1, 1862. He was promoted brigadier general on November 29, 1862. He served under General John Logan in McPhereson's 17th Corp. After the war he was breveted Major General for gallant and meritorius services at the capture of Mobile.
General Frederick Steele CDV with Little Rock, Arkansas Backmark
Item #: vm474
Click image to enlarge
SOLD!!! An 1843 graduate of West Point, Frederick Steele fought with distinction in the Mexican War, winning the brevets of first Lieutenant and Captain. He was appointed colonel of the 8th Iowa Vols on September 23, 1861. He advanced to brigadier general on January 29, 1862. He took part in the campaign in Arkansas in 1862 and participated with General Sherman in the Chickasaw Bayou campaign in late 1862. He was also present at Arkansas Post. In Grant's campaign for Vicksburg, Steele commanded a division of the 15th Corps. After Vicksburg, Steele was put in command of all the U.S. forces in Arkansas. He captured Little Rock in September, 1863 and collaberated with General Banks in his ill-fated Red River campaign. In 1865, Steele commanded a divsion under R.S. Canby, in the campaign against Mobile. At the end of the hostilities he was sent to Texas and made Colonel of the 20th Infantry. Steele died in 1868.
This is a nice image of General Steele in a standing three quarter photograph. General Steele is standing in his generals uniform and he is wearing gloves. The backmark on this image is "From Brown's Gallery, corner of Main & Markham streets, Little Rock, ARK.".
A nice tintype of a Confederate soldier. The image is a 6th plate and is housed in a leather case. The case has the closing hooks. There are some scuffs on one side of the case. On the upper lert side of the image, there is some damage to the actual image. It does not effect the Confederate soldiers image. There are some dings and scratches but over all a good Confederate image for a fair price.
Confederate Officer seated on Lookout Mountain CDV
Item #: 15451
Click image to enlarge
A great photograph of a Confederate officer seated on Lookout Mountain with two Union officers. Obviouly this officer was captured in the battles around Chattanooga but had enough Union friends to allow him to be photographed on Lookout Mountain. Since most the Confederates were long gone when the photographers showed up, you don't often find an image of a Confederate on Lookout Mountain. The backmark on the image is "S.M. Fassett's New Gallery, 114 & 116 South Clark Street, Chicago.". If you are a Lookout Mountain collector, here is an opportunity that will not present itself again for quite some time. This image came out of a 40 year collection and probably will go back into another 40 year collection!
Civil War Marine Lt. Henry Clay Cochrane, on Lookout Mountain CDV
Item #: 13154
Click image to enlarge
An incredible outdoor photograph of a Civil War Marine officer seated on Lookout Mountain. The Marine officer is Lt. Henry Clay Cochrane! He is one of the early, famous Marine career officers. The image has Cochrane seated on Lookout Mountain with the Tennessee River in the background. He is dressed in his Civil War Marine Officers uniform. A blue 2 cent tax stamp is on the back. The CDV is signed by Cochrane. Signed in period ink on the back of the image is "Truly yours, H.C.Cochrane - USMC - Lookout Mountain, April 20, 1865". Take some time a read about Cochrane. He really had an interesting Marine career.
Henry Clay Cochrane was born in the city of Chester, Delaware County, Pennsylvania on November 7, 1842. He was the second son of James and Sarah J. (Gillespie) Cochran. He was educated at local schools and in Philadelphia.
In 1860, he left school at age 19 in order to pursue a teaching career in the Chester schools. In his younger years he had exhibited a keen interest in genealogy and at the start of his first teaching assignment he added an “e” to his surname... “believing this to be the traditional and historical spelling of the name. Thereafter, he referred to himself and to his family by the spelling Cochrane, although his father never adopted the change.”
At the start of the Civil War Henry Clay Cochrane left his teaching position and joined the Union forces. He applied for a commission in the U.S. Marine Corps and was examined, accepted, and appointed to the Marine Corps from Pennsylvania on August 29, 1861. On the day after he was commissioned 2nd lieutenant on August 30, 1861, he was found to be under the required age and the commission was revoked. He volunteered for duty in the U.S. Navy (until he could attain the legal age for commissioning) and served as a warranted Acting Master’s Mate, beginning September 7, 1861. He was assigned to the United States Receiving Ship NORTH CAROLINA for instruction in gunnery at New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York. He transferred to the steam gunboat PEMBINA in October 1861 and was in the Du Pont expedition and battle of Port Royal on November 7, 1861. This was the first of a series of Civil War battles in which he participated; the capture of Beaufort, South Carolina; St. Helena Sound, November 1; Tybee Island, Georgia, December 10; battle of Port Royal Ferry, South Carolina, January 1, 1862; in action against the Confederate Thunderbolt Battery, Warsaw Sound, near Savannah, GA; in expedition to Cumberland Sound, GA, and St. John’s River., the capture of Fernandina, FL., and Jacksonville, FL, etc.
He was appointed second lieutenant (confirmed on March 10, 1863) while on blockade off Mobile, Alabama, and was ordered to Headquarters, Marine Corps, Washington Navy Yard, Washington, D.C., in May 1863. On November 17, 1863 he accompanied President Lincoln to the dedication of Gettysburg Battlefield Cemetery. By 1865, he was in command of the Marine Detachments on board BLACK HAWK and TEMPEST.
He was commissioned first lieutenant on August 20, 1865; stationed at Headquarters, Marine Corps 1865-1866; in charge of prisoner of war Confederate Admiral Raphael Semmes from January to April 1866.
He was stationed at Philadelphia Navy Yard, League Island, PA, 1866 to 1868. Assigned to the steamer SARANAC, North Pacific Squadron, 1968-69; on board the sloop JAMESTOWN, Pacific Fleet, cruising in Polynesia, 1869-71. Assigned to Marine Barracks, Philadelphia Navy Yard, League Island, PA, 1871-72; assigned to recruiting duty in New Jersey, Delaware and Philadelphia, PA, during 1872; placed at the head of the grade of first lieutenants of Marine Corps by the Secretary of the Navy, March 11, 1873; assigned to recruiting duty at Richmond, VA and Baltimore, MD., 1873; assigned to the Marine Company, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD 1874-75; served as Judge-Advocate, first general court martial of naval cadets under the “hazing law,” October 1875; assigned to steam-sloop PLYMOUTH, North Atlantic, West Indies and Centennial Exposition of 1875-78; on the cruise of PLYMOUTH five hundred miles up the Mississippi River to Vicksburg, spring of 1877; assigned to command the United States Arsenal Penitentiary, Washington, DC, July 1877 (during the labor riots); assigned to Marine Barracks, Philadelphia Navy Yard, League Island, PA, 1878-79.
Commissioned captain on March 16, 1879; assigned to Marine Barracks, New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York, 1879; assigned to Marine Barracks, Norfolk Navy Yard, 1880; Fleet Marine Officer on board LANCASTER, European Station, 1881-84; present at the bombardment of Alexandria, Egypt, by the British Fleet, July 1882, landing with 70 Marines to assist in suppressing arson and pillage and to re-establish the United States Consulate. He was present at the coronation of Czar Alexander III at Moscow, May, 1883; commanded a company of Marines in expedition from New York to restore order and protect traffic in the Isthmus of Panama, 1885; rebuilt and commanded Marine Barracks, Pensacola, Florida. 1886-89; commanded Marine Barracks, Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts; assigned to command Marine Barracks Philadelphia Navy Yard, League Island, Pennsylvania, 1890; commanded Marine Barracks, Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, 1890-91; assigned to flagship PHILADELPHIA as Fleet Marine Officer, Pacific Station, 1894-96; commanding Marine Barracks, Naval Station Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, and at the Naval War College, 1896-98; Promoted major, February 1, 1898; On April 19, 1898 he joined the newly forming 1st Marine Battalion at New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York from Marine Barracks, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Seavy Island, Kittery, Maine; promoted to second in command of the 1st Marine Battalion (Reinforced) at Camp Sampson, Key West, Florida, due to the hospitalization of Senior Major Percival Clarence Pope, Executive Officer, just prior to the deployment of the battalion to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, on June 7, 1898; engaged at Camp McCalla against Spanish infantry and Cuban irregulars from June 11 through June 14, 1898; with the battalion on board U.S.S. RESOLUTE at the bombardment of the city of Manzanillo, Cuba, August 12, 1898. Returned to the U.S. with the battalion via Guantanamo Bay to Camp Heywood, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Seavey Island, Kittery, Maine. After the dissolution of the battalion in September 1898, he was reassigned to command the Marine Barracks, Newport Naval Station, Newport, Rhode Island.
Promoted Lt. Colonel, March 3, 1899 and transferred to command Marine Barracks, Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts.
Promoted Colonel, January 11, 1900; ordered to command the First Regiment of Marines in the U.S. Relief Expedition, operating in China at Tientsin, China; embarked with the First Regiment for duty at Cavite, Philippine Islands; assigned to command the First Brigade of Marines, January 10, 1901; later assigned to command Marine Barracks, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Seavey Island, Kittery, Maine.
On March 10, 1905 Colonel Cochrane was placed on the retired list.
On April 13, 1911 Colonel Cochrane was promoted to Brigadier General (Ret.), to rank from date of retirement.
Brigadier General Henry Clay Cochrane died at Chester, Pennsylvania on April 27, 1913 and was buried on April 30 in Chester Rural Cemetery.