SOLD Items
127 Pennsylvania Infantry Fredericksburg Monument Photographs and Badge

Offered is a wonderful collection of items from the 1906 monument dedication of the 127th Pennsylvania Infantry at Fredericksburg, Virginia.  The collection included the monument dedication badge, a photo of the members of the 127th Pennsylvania veterans around the monument wearing the badge, a lone photo of the monument, and a purple ribbon from Sergt. S. G. Sheaffer.  The badge hanger has a silver colored metal with a celluloid strip in the middle with "127th PA. VOLS." written on it.  Three ribbons are attached to the hanger.  The back ribbon is a red, white, and blue ribbon.  Written on the ribbon in silver colored ink is "DEDICATION FREDERICKSBURG VIRGINIA JUNE 26, 1906".  The second ribbon is a blue color and is a shorter ribbon.  The top ribbon is a red, white, and blue  ribbon with a large celluloid drop attached.  On the celluloid drop is the likeness of the 127th Pennsylvania monument at Fredericksburg, Virginia.  The badge was made by the Whitehead & Hoag Company of Newark, New Jersey. 

There are two photographs.  The first photograph is of members of the 127th Pennsylvania Infantry veterans surrounding the monument.  Each veteran is wearing the monument dedication badge. This photograph is 12 inches wide and 10 inches tall border to border.  The actual photograph is 9 1/8 inches wide and 6 7/8 inches tall.  The second photograph is of the 127th Pennsylvania Infantry monument in Fredericksburg by itself.  Both photographs were made by L. Mumper, Photographer, 7 Stratton Street, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania as noted by the photographer stamp on the back of each photograph.  The monument photograph is 12 inches tall and 10 inches wide.  The actual photograph is 7 7/8 inches tall and 6 inches wide.

The fourth piece of this collection is a purple ribbon.  Written in gold colored ink on the ribbon is "MY FATHER'S G.A.R. -BUTTON- SERGT. S.G. SHEAFFER, CO. I, 127th PENNA. VOL. INFTRY.".  The ribbon is approximately 11 inches tall and 3 inches wide.  It is very hard to find the badge and the photograph of any monument dedication. 

Charles H. Shaw, 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery CDV

Offered is an image of Charles H. Shaw, Company E, 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.  Shaw enlisted in July 1861 as a private.  He re-enlisted November 25, 1863.  He was listed as a POW at Petersburg, Virginia on June 22, 1864.  He was exchanged December 1, 1864 and mustered out on August 8, 1865 in Washington, DC.  The image is a bust photograph and is signed in period ink on the back of the carte "Charles H Shaw".  The photographer is R.W. Addis, Photographer, 308 Penna. Avenue, Washington, D.C. as noted by the photographers stamp on the back. 

James W. Beck - 33 Indiana Infantry CDV

Offered is an image of James W. Beck, Company E, 33rd Indiana Infantry.   The image ia a waist up photograph of Beck in his Union uniform.  Written in period ink on the back of the imge is "Jas. W. Beck - Co. E, 33 Ind. Regt".  Beck mustered in to the 33rd Indiana Infantry in September 1861 and re-enlisted in January 1864.  He mustered out in July 1865 in Louisville, Kentucky.  He was promoted to Corporal

Regimental History
Thirty-third Indiana Infantry. — Cols., John Coburn, James E. Burton; Lieut. -Cols., James M. Henderson, James E. Burton, John P. Niederauer; Majs., William J. Manker, Levin T. Miller, John P. Niederauer, John C. Maze. This regiment was organized at Indianapolis and was mustered in Sept. 16, 1861. It left the state Sept. 28, and at Camp Dick Robinson reported to Gen. Thomas. On Oct. 13 it broke camp for Crab Orchard, thence to Camp Wild Cat, where it engaged and defeated Zollicoffer's forces. It then moved back to Crab Orchard, where it remained until April 11, 1862, then joined Gen. George W. Morgan's forces and was engaged in the movements resulting in the capture of Cumberland gap in June. It then took part in the marches and skirmishes in eastern Tennessee until the gap was evacuated in September. The regiment was in various movements until Danville was reached, camping there until the last of Jan., 1863, and then marching to Louisville, Nashville, Brentwood and Franklin. In March it fought Van Dorn's forces near Columbia, and was engaged at Thompson's station, where about 400 of the regiment were captured and nearly 100 killed and wounded. The prisoners were paroled and about two months later were exchanged and joined the regiment. During this time the balance of the regiment remained at Franklin and was in numerous engagements in that vicinity. About the first of July it moved towards Tullahoma; was in the advance on Shelbyville; was stationed at Manchester, Estill Springs, Cowan, Decherd and Tracy City during September and October, and moved to Christiana in November. The regiment enlisted as a veteran organization in Jan. and Feb., 1864, and returned home on furlough. It joined Sherman's army in the spring and took part in the advance upon and siege of Atlanta, being engaged at Resaca, Cassville, New Hope Church, Golgotha, Kolb's farm, Kennesaw mountain, Marietta and Peachtree creek, and was then before Atlanta until the surrender. It was in the engagement at Turner's ferry in August and drove a brigade out of Atlanta Sept. 2, when the mayor surrendered the city to Col. Coburn. The regiment's loss during this campaign was more than 300 in killed and wounded. It remained in camp until Nov. 15, then accompanied the army to Savannah, was in camp there until Jan. 2, 1865, and then took part in the march through the Carolinas, being engaged at Averasboro, and Bentonville. It was at Goldsboro from March 23 to April 10, and at Raleigh until May 1. It then proceeded to Washington, via Richmond, and moved to Louisville in June. While at Washington a part of the 27th, 70th and 85th regiments were assigned to the 33d, and the whole was mustered out at Louisville July 21, 1865. The original strength of the regiment was 948; gain, by recruits, 1,378; reenlistments, 449; total, 2,775. Loss by death, 267; desertion, 113; unaccounted for, 117.Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

Armed CDV of Lt./Capt. George W. Eyestone, 11 Indiana Infantry & 46 USCT

Offered is an image of George W. Eyestone as an officer.  Eyestone started his Civil War career as a private in the 11th Indiana Infantry in August 1861.  He fought with the 11th Indiana Infantry until  October, 1863 when he was commissioned 1st Lieutenant of the 46th United States Colored Troop.  Eyestone was promoted in September 1864 to Captain.  He mustered out January 30. 1866.

The image has Eyestone dressed as an officer standing with his sword.  The photographer was D.P. Barr, Army Photographer, Palace of Art, Vicksburg, Miss. as noted on the rear of the card.  The photo has clipped corners.  This image does not have any identification but I owned a similar image in my collection which was ink signed.  A copy of my collection image will be included with the Civil War image.  The copy image is the third scan on the listing.

11th Regiment Infantry "Wallace's Zouaves" (3 Years)

Organized at Indianapolis, Ind., August 31, 1861. Moved to Paducah, Ky., September 6, and duty there until February 5, 1862. Attached to 5th Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of the Tennessee, February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Helena, Ark., District of East Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of the Tennessee, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 12th Division, 13th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, 12th Division, 13th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 13th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to August, 1863, and Dept. of the Gulf to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, to August, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to January, 1865. 2nd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--Operations against Forts Henry and Heiman, Tenn., February 2-6, 1862. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Expedition to Clarksville, Tenn., February 19-21. Expedition toward Purdy and operations about Crump's Landing, Tenn., March 9-14. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Occupation of Corinth and pursuit to Booneville May 30-June 3. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 3-20, and duty there until July 24. Ordered to Helena, Ark., July 24, and duty there until April, 1863. Expedition from Helena to Arkansas Post, Ark., November 16-21, 1862. Expedition from Helena to Grenada, Miss., November 27-December 5. Tallahatchie November 30. Mitchell's Cross Roads December 1. Moved to Milliken's Bend, La., April 14. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. 14-Mile Creek May 12-13. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Duty at Vicksburg until August 6. Ordered to New Orleans, La., August 6; thence to Brasher City, and duty there until October. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 30. Bayou Cortableau October 21. Carrion Crow Bayou November 3. Regiment Veteranize January 1, 1864. Veterans on furlough March 4 to May 8. Duty in District of LaFourche and Defenses of New Orleans, La., until May. At New Orleans, La., until July 19. Ordered to Washington, D. C., July 19. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Woodstock September 23. Mt. Jackson September 23-24. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until January, 1865. Duty at Fort Marshall, Baltimore, Md., January 7 to July 26, 1865. Mustered out July 26, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 114 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 170 Enlisted men by disease. Total 288.

Bosque County, Texas UCV Photograph


Offered is a great photograph of Confederate veterans in Bosque County, Texas.  There are fourteen Confederate veterans sitting in front of a store.  A couple of veterans are wearing Southern Crosses of Honor.  There are at least two veterans wearing 1902 Dallas, Texas UCV national badges.  Several other ribbons and badges are worn by the other Confederate veterans.  The photograph is mounted on a hard board.  The board is approximately 10 15/16 inches long and 8 ½ inches tall.  The photograph is 9 ½ inches long and 7 ¾ inches tall. 

I found a copy of this photograph in the Liljenquist Family Collection in the Library of Congress.  The photograph had all the veterans identified.  I have made a copy of this and included it with the photograph. 


Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia Monument Dedication 1914 Photograph


Offered is a photograph of a monument dedication held in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.  There are at least three Confederate veterans in the photograph.  Also in the photograph are at least one Grand Army of the Republic member and several other men dressed in military uniforms.  A wreath lies next to the monument.  Written on the monument is “Memorial to the Confederate Women of Virginia 1861 – 1865 -   The legislature of Virginia of 1914, Has at the solicitation of Ladies Hollywood Memorial Association and United Daughters of Confederacy of Virginia, Placed in perpetual care this section where lie buried Eighteen thousand Confederate soldiers.”  The monument is located at the Confederate pyramid monument in the cemetery.

The photograph is mounted on a gray card.  The card is approximately 7 1/8 inches long by 5 inches tall.  The photograph is approximately 5 5/8 inches long by 3 11/16 inches tall.  

UCV Veterans at West Point, Virginia Photograph


A nice photograph of nine Confederate veterans seated in front of the State Bank in West Point, Virginia.  There are four veterans standing and five veterans sitting.  I counted at least four Southern Crosses  and there are other badges on these veterans.  The Confederate veterans are identified on the back of the photograph.  Written in pencil on the back of the photograph is “Top row – Left to Right – Churchhill Cook, Mayo, Reed, King  - (Bottom Row) McGeorge, Edmund, Martin, Fogg, Dr. Munn”.  Also written in ink on the back of the photograph is “Last of the old Vets ___?___?!  taken in West Point in front of State Bank”.  The photograph is approximately 5 9/16 inches wide and 3 ¾ inches tall.  There are some bends in the photograph.  Please look at the photographs.

Peter B. Epes, 3rd Virginia Cavalry Photograph

Offered is a nice photograph of Peter B. Epes of the 3rd Virginia Cavalry.  Epes enlisted on February 2, 1863 and was paroled on April 16, 1865.  He was wounded twice.  The first time at Mitchell's Shop, Virginia on May 9, 1864 and the second wound was taken on January 15, 1865 at a place not specified.  
The photo has Epes standing in his United Confederate Veterans uniorm.  He is wearin three UCV badges.  One appears to be the Gettysburg Virginia monument badge!  The photo is approximately 6 inches by 4 inches.  Epes or Eppes as his decindents spelled his name, is in a full standing pose.   

General William Woods Averell CDV

Offered is a CDV of General William Woods Averell.  Averell graduated West Point in 1851 and had two years rugged service against the southwestern Indians, during which he was severly wounded.  He invalided out until the outbreak of the Civil War.  He took part in the first battle of Manassass and was then commisioned Colonel of the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry.  He participated in the Peninsular campaign as commander of a brigade; in the campaign which culminated at Sharpsburg; at Fredericksburg, in December, 1862; and in various skirmishes of the mounted branch of the Army of the Potomac.  His 2nd Cavalry Division won the first claimed victory of the Federal horse over the COnfederates at Kelly's Ford, Virginia, in March, 1863 - an action said to have been the turning point of cavalry fighting in the Eastern theater.  Meanwhile he was appointed brigadier general of volunteers on September 26, 1862.  After taking part in George Stoneman's famous but ill-starred raid on Richmond during the campaign of Chancellorsville, Averell was employed in monor operations in western Virginia until Philip Sheridan's Shenandoah campaign.  At the end of the war he was brevetted brigadier and Major general, U.S. Army, and resigned on May 18, 1865.

The image is a bust shot of Averell in a brigadiers uniform.  The backmark is "Photographed by Ewing & Co., Cumberland, MD.".  The upper right back corner is missing a small amount of the backing card.  This does not affect the image.

Camp Chase, Ohio POW Confederate Monument Dedication Photograph

Offered is an outstanding photograph of the Confederate monument dedication at Camp Chase, Ohio POW cemetery.  This hard to find photograph has the monument with a banner saying "AMERICANS" over it with American flags.  Rifles are stacked in the front of the photograph.  What looks like Ohio National guard are on either side of the monument.  W.H. Knauss and W.B. Albright are shaking hand to the right of the monument.  On an attached slip of paper on the back of the photograph, it says "W.H. Knauss the Union soldier, presenting a bouquet of flowers - as God's token of love for mankind - to W.B. Albright the Confederate soldier.  Guns stacked, war over, let all enmity and prejudice cease and let peace prevail all over the land of the brave.  Stamped on the back of the photograph is "Duplicates of this Photo 25 cents, each prepaid. C.L. Johnston. 74 1/2 N. High St., Columbus, Ohio.".  The photographer Johnson and W.H. Knauss signed the photograph in the right bottom corner.  At the monument dedication the zinc Confederate soldier was not attached.  This is the part of the statue that has recently been defaced.  The actual photograph is approximately 8 inches by 6 1/8 inches.  The board portion of the photograph is approximately 10 1/8 inches by 7 1/8 inches.  There is a thin wooden support to the top of the photograph.  

WILLIAM H. KNAUSS (1839-1912)

Civil War veteran and binder of a nation's wounds

A century ago, 358 E. 15th Ave. was the home of a noteworthy Columbus citizen and American patriot, William H. Knauss.

Back in 1861, 22 year old William Knauss jumped at the opportunity to join the Union Army. Within weeks of the attack on Fort Sumter, Knauss was mustered into the 2nd New Jersey Infantry and off to war. The 2nd was on the field at Second Bull Run (August 1862) and Antietam (September 1862) but the soldiers saw their first real action at The Battle of Fredericksburg in December.

The battle was a folly and a slaughter. Even though the battle's objective was already lost, foolish general Ambrose Burnside committed Union forces to repeated head-on assaults across an open field and up a hill in the face of dug-in and well-armed Confederate defenders. The result was a massacre. Union forces were mowed down by Confederate artillery and rifle fire. The senseless carnage was so great that Confederates reportedly begged the advancing Union troops to stop and save their lives.

On the terrible day of December 13, 1862, over 1,200 Union soldiers were killed and more than 9,000 wounded.

Among the wounded was William Knauss.

A shell fragment struck him in the face. An inch to one side and he would have been killed. He bore an ugly scar from the wound for the rest of his life.

W.h. Knauss

Knauss carried something else away from the battle. For many years, W.H. nursed a hatred for the Rebels who had slaughtered his comrades and fired the shell that nearly ended his life.

All that changed on a business trip to North Carolina in 1868.

Knauss met a fellow veteran of Fredericksburg. The man was a Confederate and he had lost his leg in the fight. He and the Southerner became friends and shared their memories of that blood-soaked December day. Knauss came to see the Confederate soldiers as brothers who had suffered in the war just as he had. When he and his new friend parted, they pledged to each do their best to look after the other's comrades if ever they were in a position to help.

In 1892, Knauss moved to Columbus. He and his son-in-law began buying, selling, and developing real estate. They were successful and built up considerable wealth. In 1893, Knauss built a fine home on E. 15th Ave., one of the first in the University District.

One fateful day, business took Knauss out on Sullivant Ave. on the western edge of the city. There he saw the sad condition of the Camp Chase Cemetery.

During the Civil War, Camp Chase had been a prisoner-of-war camp for Confederates. It stretched from W. Broad south to Sullivant and from Hague Avenue east to Demorest. At its peak, it had been home to nearly 10,000 Confederate prisoners-of-war. A smallpox epidemic in 1863 and overcrowding and a hard winter in 1864-65 took its toll on the inmates. When the war ended and the POWs returned home they left behind more than 2,000 dead.

After the war’s end, the camp cemetery was forgotten. Bitterness among Union veterans and politicians made care of Confederate graves an unpopular cause. Weeds and briars grew high on the grounds. Wooden grave markers rotted away. Gophers and rabbits made their homes among the decaying monuments. Developers cast greedy eyes on the acreage and wondered how it might be converted to more profitable use.

Knauss was appalled and began the project that would become his life’s work.

He argued that the fallen husbands, sons, and brothers of Camp Chase deserved better. The war was over and North and South were reunited. All were Americans now and brothers:

They were American citizens, they were men, they had mothers and sisters, some had wives and children, all praying to one God and Father; and O how many a prayer went up that these unfortunate dead might be returned to their homes! Alas! the fate of war decreed otherwise and where their bodies lie is in many instances unknown to their loved ones... If I were in the South and saw an ex-Confederate do honor to an unknown Union soldier's grave, I would say with all my soul" "God bless you and yours forever!"

He wrote to politicians, complained in letters to the editor, contacted Southern veterans associations, toured and lectured, raised funds, spent freely from his own pockets, and even put his own back to work in the cause of restoring the cemetery to a decent condition.

In 1895, Knauss conducted the first Memorial Day ceremonies on the grounds with little more than his own family in attendance.

His campaign was not a popular one in the North. Though the war was thirty years past, feelings still ran high. Union widows and orphans attacked him as a traitor. Survivors of the inhumane Southern prisoner-of-war camps asked how he could forget their suffering. Northern veterans' groups were openly hostile. Knauss lost business and received threats of violence and even death.

Decoration Day ceremonies 1898 from Knauss' book The Story of Camp Chase (1906).

His patriotism was questioned. An ad hoc committee formed among legislators at the Statehouse and demanded he present himself and give an account of his actions. He refused. They threatened him with dire consequences he did not cease his activities.

Several times, guards had to be posted at the cemetery against threats of vandalism. Once, attackers threatened to destroy the place with dynamite.

Despite this, Knauss persevered and his campaign bore fruit. The weeds and brush were cut and arrangements made to have the grounds cared for. Flowers and ornamental trees contributed by Southern states were planted. A solid stone wall was erected around the burying ground. Rotted or decaying wooden markers were replaced with stone ones.

Each year, Knauss arranged a memorial service at the grounds on Memorial Day. Each year, the size of the audience in attendance grew. Each year, more local and state notables were willing to appear. In 1897, the mayor was in attendance. In 1900, the governor came and said a few words.

In 1897, an inscribed boulder was placed there as a collective memorial. The text read "2,260 Confederate Veterans of the War 1861-1865 Buried in This Enclosure." In 1902, a memorial arch inscribed simply “Americans” was added as tribute to the fallen.

Camp Chase Cemetery

After the dedication of the arch in 1902, an aging Knauss turned over preservation of the cemetery and organization of the annual memorial to the United Daughters of the Confederacy. He wasn't quite done though. His travels and encounters had made him something of an expert on the camp. In 1906, he published The Story of Camp Chase, the definitive history on the subject. Based on diaries, letters, and interviews with prisoners and guards, the book chronicles the story of life in the POW camp. It tells of the inmates' loneliness, hardships, privations, disease, escapes, attempted escapes, conspiracies, occasional moments of joy and fellowship, and the ever-present mud. The volume also records the history of Knauss' efforts to restore and preserve the burying ground.

Knauss spent the rest of his years supporting various patriotic causes. It’s said he spent much of the remainder of his fortune providing free American flags to any school that wrote him to ask for one.

In 1917, at the age of 77, Knauss died in his 15th Ave. home. He was buried in Greenlawn Cemetery beneath a monument commemorating his military service

A few months earlier, Confederate Veteran magazine remembered Knauss thusly:

...the men and women of the South always speak one name with tender reverence and admiration, that of Col. W. H. Knauss, of this city. We call him great and good, with his patriotic heart overleaping all the prejudices and passions of war and inaugurating the decoration of these once neglected graves and pleading for a wider and broader spirit and for writing over their dust the magic word "Americans." There is no place in all the Southland where the name of Colonel Knauss does not evoke the affectionate remembrance of its people.

In 1922, the United Daughters of the Confederacy placed a plaque at the entrance to the cemetery honoring Knauss' memory

General E. Kirby Smith CDV


Offered ia a nice CDV of General E. Kirby Smit.  General Smith is wearing his COnfederate generals uniform in the image.  The backmark on the image is E.&H.T. Anthony, New York.

Born in St. Augustine Florida, Edmund Kirby Smith was educated at the United States Military Academy, where he graduated in 1845.  After graduation, Smith served in the Mexican-American War with distinction, participating in the battles at Cerro Gordo and Contreras.  After the war, he served as a Professor of Mathematics at West Point before being sent west to participate in the Indian Campaigns.  Smith was in Texas with the 2nd Cavalry when war broke out in 1861.  At first Smith refused to surrender to Texas militia, but his loyalties changed once Florida seceded Smith resigned from the United States Army, and entered the Confederate army with the rank of lieutenant colonel.

Edmund Kirby Smith was quickly commissioned as a brigadier general within the Confederate army, and served at the First Battle of Manassas, where he was seriously injured.  After recovering, he was sent west to command the Army of East Tennessee.  Fighting alongside Braxton Bragg in his invasion of Kentucky, Smith led his army to victory at Richmond on August 30, 1862.  In early 1863, he was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department and tasked with helping halt the Union’s advance on the Mississippi River.  In early 1864, he successfully repulsed the Red River Campaign led by Nathaniel Banks, but as a result of his isolated location, could do little more.  He finally surrendered his troops, one of the last to do so, on May 26, 1865 to General E. R. S. Canby.

General Richard "Dick" Ewell CDV

Offered is a nice CDV of General Richard S. "Dick" Ewell.  The image is a bust shot of General Ewell in his Confederate uniform.  The backmark is E..& H.T. Anthony, New York.

Richard Stoddert Ewell began his career after graduating 13th out of the 42 students of the American Military Academy’s class of 1840.  He was sent to serve in the west with the 1st US Dragoons, and served in the Mexican-American War.  During the war, he participated in the battles of Contreras and Churubusco, and received a promotion to captain for his gallantry.  On May 7, 1861, he resigned from the United States Army, and entered the Confederate Army.

Ewell participated in a minor skirmish before the outbreak of fighting, and received a commission as a brigadier general on June 17, 1861.  He commanded a brigade at the First Battle of Bull Run, but saw little combat.  On January 24, 1862, he was promoted to major general and served alongside General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson through the Valley Campaign in Virginia.  He protected Richmond during Union General George McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign, and commanded his troops successfully at the battles of Malvern Hill, Gaines’ Mill, the Seven Days Battles, and the Second Battle of Bull Run.  At the Battle of Groveton, Ewell was severely wounded in the leg, which was amputated below the knee.  After several months of recovery, Ewell returned to the army and participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville.  On May 23, 1863, Ewell was promoted to lieutenant general to replace General Jackson, who had been mortally wounded at Chancellorsville. 

Ewell then participated in the Battle of Gettysburg, but received criticism for his actions.  Although he met with great success during the early portions of the battle on July 1, 1863, he did not continue to assault Union positions, which provided Union troops the time they needed to reorganize and prepare defenses.  Although confusion exists as to why Ewell did not continue to attack the Union troops, many of the generals in Robert E. Lee’s army felt that Ewell actions helped lead to the Confederate defeat.  Following the Gettysburg Campaign, Ewell performed well during the Battle of the Wilderness, but again received criticism for his inaction and indecisiveness at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.  Following the battle, Ewell, who was suffering from health problems, was relieved of commanding his division, and sent to command the defenses of Richmond.  During the retreat from Richmond, Ewell and his men were surrounded and captured at Sayler’s Creek on April 6, 1865. He remained imprisoned at Fort Warren for the remainder of the war.

Unidentified Confederate Officer CDV

A nice image of an unidentifed Confederate officer.  You can see at least two stars on his collar. There is no backmark.

"The Imperialized Confederate" Armed Officer CDV


A wonderful image of a Confederate officer smoking a cigar and holding a bottle of champaign or wine!  The officer is wearing a top hat.  He is also wearing a pistol in his holster on his side.  He is wearing high boots and has a jaunty air about him.  On the back of the image in ink is written "The Imperialized Confederate".

General John Stuart Williams CDV


Offered is a nice image of General John Stuart Williiams.  Williams fought in the Mexican War as well as served as a General in the Confederacy.  Williams is wearing his Confederate general uniform in the image.  The back mark on the cdv is E. & H.T. Anthony, New York.

John Stuart Williams (July 10, 1818 – July 17, 1898) was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a postbellum Democratic U.S. Senator from Kentucky.

Early life and career

Born near Mount Sterling, Kentucky, Williams attended the common schools and graduated from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, in 1839. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1840, and commenced practice in Paris, Kentucky. He served in the Mexican-American War, first as a captain of an independent company attached to the 6th U.S. Infantry, and afterward as a colonel of the Fourth Regiment of the Kentucky Volunteers. He received the nickname "Cerro Gordo Williams" for his gallantry at that battle.

Williams was a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1851 and 1853. He became known as a leading proponent of states rights. He was initially an anti-secessionist, but abhorred President Abraham Lincoln's policies and cast his lot with the Confederacy.

Civil War

With the outbreak of hostilities, Williams travelled to Prestonburg in early 1861 and was commissioned colonel of the 5th Kentucky Infantry. He served initially in the Eastern Theater, initially under Humphrey Marshall in southwestern Virginia. He participated in Marshall's ill-fated invasion of eastern Kentucky in 1862. He was promoted to brigadier general in late 1862 and assigned command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

He organized a brigade of cavalry and helped resist Ambrose Burnside's invasion of eastern Tennessee in the autumn of 1863, participating in the Battle of Blue Springs. He resigned that command and transferred to Georgia, assuming command of the Kentucky regiments in the cavalry of Joseph Wheeler in June 1864. He received a formal resolution of thanks from the Second Confederate Congress in the fall of 1864 for his actions at the Battle of Saltville. He surrendered in 1865.


Williams returned home following the war and went on to engage in agricultural pursuits, with his residence in Winchester, Kentucky.

He again became a member of the State House in 1873 and 1875. He ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Kentucky in 1875, and was a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1876. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1879 and served from March 4, 1879 to March 3, 1885. He failed in his reelection bid and returned to his agricultural pursuits.

Williams became involved in land development in Florida in the late 1880s. Along with a partner, Louisville businessman Walter N. Haldeman, the publisher of the Louisville Courier-Journal; they founded the town of Naples, Florida.

He died in Mount Sterling in 1898 and was interred in Winchester Cemetery in Winchester

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