SOLD Items
Photographs
General David Stanley CDV - Medal of honor Winner

SOLD!!!
A nice CDV image of General David S. Stanley, Medal of honor winner for the battle of Franklin.  General Stanley has his long beard with his major general rank.  This would place the image from around 1864 or later.  The corners are clipped.  There is no backmark. 

David Sloane Stanley

Stanley was born 1 June 1828 in Cedar Valley, Ohio. He was appointed to West Point on 1 July 1848 and graduated 9th in the class of 1852. Upon graduation he was brevetted 2nd lieutenant in the 2nd US Dragoons and assigned as quartermaster to the surveying party commanded by Lieutenant Amiel W. Whipple that charted the route for a railroad from Fort Smith, Arkansas to San Diego, California. Stanley was promoted to 2nd lieutenant on 6 September 1853 and in 1854 was ordered to Fort Chadbourne on the Texas frontier. On 3 March 1855 he was transferred to Troop D, 1st US Cavalry, then commanded by Captain George B. McClellan. Stanley was promoted to 1st lieutenant on 27 March 1855. In 1856 Stanley was sent, along with his regiment, to Kansas to suppress the disturbances between proslavery advocates and "free soilers." He next saw action against the Cheyenne Indians on the Great Plains. In one instance at a fight near Fort Kearny, Nebraska a future adversary, JEB Stuart, is credited with saving his life. In 1860 Stanley was assigned to Fort Smith. He was promoted to captain on 16 March 1861.

When the war began Stanley, a slave-owner, was offered the command of a Confederate Arkansas regiment with the rank of colonel. He declined and headed to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He was transferred to the 4th US Cavalry on 3 August then was appointed brigadier general of volunteers on 28 September 1861 shortly after taking part in the battle at Wilson's Creek. He commanded a division for the remainder of the 1862 Missouri campaign seeing action at New Madrid, Island Number Ten, and Corinth. He was promoted to major general of volunteers on 29 November 1862 and appointed chief of cavalry of the Army of the Cumberland. He was brevetted lieutenant colonel on 31 December 1862 for "gallantry and meritorious service" at Stone's River. He was posted to the 5th US Cavalry as a major in regular army on 1 December 1863. He commanded the 1st division/ IV Corps during the Atlanta campaign and was brevetted colonel on 15 May 1864 for his role at Resaca, Georgia. He commanded the IV Corps at Spring Hill and Franklin, Tennessee where he was severely wounded on 30 November 1864. He was brevetted brigadier general in the regular army for his action at Ruff's Station, Georgia and major general in the regular army for his "distinguished bravery" at Franklin on 13 March 1865.

Even though the civil war had ended Stanley, recovered from his wounds, remained in command of the IV Corps. He led the IV Corps into Texas in June 1865 to counter the growing French involvement in Mexican internal affairs and the threat posed by Maximilian. Stanley established his headquarters at Victoria, Texas then moved his command to San Antonio, Texas in October 1865. He remained in San Antonio supervising as the IV Corp's regiment were mustered out of service. While at San Antonio Stanley ending the army's camel corps experiment when he ordered the remaining camels sold. Stanley was mustered out of the volunteer service on 1 February 1866. He remained in the regular army and was promoted to colonel and assigned command of the 22nd US infantry on 28 July 1866 and assigned along the Indian frontier. In 1873 he was involved in the Yellowstone expedition then from 1879 through 1882 he was involved in suppressing various Indian uprisings in Texas. He was promoted to to brigadier general on 24 March 1884 and assigned to command the Department of Texas. He retired from the army on 1 June 1892. On 29 March 1893 Stanley was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at Franklin. The citation reads, "At a critical moment rode to the front of one of his brigades, reestablished its lines, and gallantly led it in a successful assault." Stanley was governor of the Soldier's Home in Washington DC from 13 September 1893 until 15 April 1898. He died on 13 March 1902 in Washington and was buried in the Soldiers Home cemetery. His autobiography, " Personal Memoirs of Major-General D. S. Stanley, U.S.A.," was published in 1917.

Missouri UCV Commander at Gettysburg Photos - Black Horse Virginia Cavalry

SOLD!!!

Fantastic group of two photographs of J. William Towson.  Towson was in the Virginia Black Horse Cavalry in the war and then moved to Missouri.  He became the Department Commander and the Missouri representative to the 1913 Gettysburg Reunion Committee!  In the first photograph, Towson is wearing his Department Commanders uniform.  On the uniform is a 1913 Virginia Cavalry at Gettysburg badge and a Southern Cross on his left side.  On his right side, he is wearing a 1913 Missouri at Gettysburg badge.  The photograph has a photographers mark of Shelbina, Missouri.  Towson was born near Williamsport, in Washington County, Maryland and fought with J.E.B. Stuart in the Black Horse Cavalry.  He was captured at Winchester in 1863 but exchanged in time to participate in the battle of Gettysburg.  He fought in the battles of Brandy Station, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spottsylvania C.H., Coal Harbor, Trevillians Station, Yellow Tavern, and many other engagements until the end of the war.  He surrendered at Appomattox.


The second photograph has a Jefferson City, Missouri photographer mark.  It shows Towson as a business man.  He has a stick pin on his lapel but I can not determine if this is professional or UCV.  The first photograph is the one used in the Pennsylvania report on the Gettysburg reunion book.  I have amassed additional information on Towson and it will come with the photographs.

General David S. Stanley - Medal of Honor Winner - CDV

SOLD!!!

This image is a late war image of General Davis S. Stanley.  He is shown as a major general and this did not occur until 1865.  This is a waist up view with Stanley wearing a full beard.  He had just recovered from his wound at the battle of Franklin, Tennessee.  He is wearing his Major General uniform and can clearly see his two stars on his rank straps.  Written under General Stanley's image is "Stanley" in pencil.  There is no back mark on the image.


David Sloane Stanley

Stanley was born 1 June 1828 in Cedar Valley, Ohio. He was appointed to West Point on 1 July 1848 and graduated 9th in the class of 1852. Upon graduation he was brevetted 2nd lieutenant in the 2nd US Dragoons and assigned as quartermaster to the surveying party commanded by Lieutenant Amiel W. Whipple that charted the route for a railroad from Fort Smith, Arkansas to San Diego, California. Stanley was promoted to 2nd lieutenant on 6 September 1853 and in 1854 was ordered to Fort Chadbourne on the Texas frontier. On 3 March 1855 he was transferred to Troop D, 1st US Cavalry, then commanded by Captain George B. McClellan. Stanley was promoted to 1st lieutenant on 27 March 1855. In 1856 Stanley was sent, along with his regiment, to Kansas to suppress the disturbances between proslavery advocates and "free soilers." He next saw action against the Cheyenne Indians on the Great Plains. In one instance at a fight near Fort Kearny, Nebraska a future adversary, JEB Stuart, is credited with saving his life. In 1860 Stanley was assigned to Fort Smith. He was promoted to captain on 16 March 1861.

When the war began Stanley, a slave-owner, was offered the command of a Confederate Arkansas regiment with the rank of colonel. He declined and headed to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He was transferred to the 4th US Cavalry on 3 August then was appointed brigadier general of volunteers on 28 September 1861 shortly after taking part in the battle at Wilson's Creek. He commanded a division for the remainder of the 1862 Missouri campaign seeing action at New Madrid, Island Number Ten, and Corinth. He was promoted to major general of volunteers on 29 November 1862 and appointed chief of cavalry of the Army of the Cumberland. He was brevetted lieutenant colonel on 31 December 1862 for "gallantry and meritorious service" at Stone's River. He was posted to the 5th US Cavalry as a major in regular army on 1 December 1863. He commanded the 1st division/ IV Corps during the Atlanta campaign and was brevetted colonel on 15 May 1864 for his role at Resaca, Georgia. He commanded the IV Corps at Spring Hill and Franklin, Tennessee where he was severely wounded on 30 November 1864. He was brevetted brigadier general in the regular army for his action at Ruff's Station, Georgia and major general in the regular army for his "distinguished bravery" at Franklin on 13 March 1865.

Even though the civil war had ended Stanley, recovered from his wounds, remained in command of the IV Corps. He led the IV Corps into Texas in June 1865 to counter the growing French involvement in Mexican internal affairs and the threat posed by Maximilian. Stanley established his headquarters at Victoria, Texas then moved his command to San Antonio, Texas in October 1865. He remained in San Antonio supervising as the IV Corp's regiment were mustered out of service. While at San Antonio Stanley ending the army's camel corps experiment when he ordered the remaining camels sold. Stanley was mustered out of the volunteer service on 1 February 1866. He remained in the regular army and was promoted to colonel and assigned command of the 22nd US infantry on 28 July 1866 and assigned along the Indian frontier. In 1873 he was involved in the Yellowstone expedition then from 1879 through 1882 he was involved in suppressing various Indian uprisings in Texas. He was promoted to to brigadier general on 24 March 1884 and assigned to command the Department of Texas. He retired from the army on 1 June 1892. On 29 March 1893 Stanley was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at Franklin. The citation reads, "At a critical moment rode to the front of one of his brigades, reestablished its lines, and gallantly led it in a successful assault." Stanley was governor of the Soldier's Home in Washington DC from 13 September 1893 until 15 April 1898. He died on 13 March 1902 in Washington and was buried in the Soldiers Home cemetery. His autobiography, " Personal Memoirs of Major-General D. S. Stanley, U.S.A.," was published in 1917.

59 Ohio Infantry Veteran wearing GAR Badge

SOLD!!!

A great cabinet card of Michael Beckelhimer of Company B, 59th Ohio Infantry.  The photograph has Beckelhimer seated with his wife and family.  He is wearing a Grand Army of the Republic "In Memoriam" badge.  You can clearly see the "G.A.R." on the hanger of the badge and the G.A.R. membership badge depicted on the In Memoriam badge.  The cabinet card was photographed by Atwood in Georgetown, Ohio.  Written on the back of the image in pencil is "Mike Beckelhymer - Give back to Ruth Stutz - Property of Pearl Manning".  


Beckelhimer enlisted in August 1862 into Company "B" of the 59th Ohio Infantry.  He was listed as a Prisoner of War on September 20, 1863 at Chickamauga, Georgia.  He mustered out in June, 1865.

History of the 59th Ohio Infantry

Organized October 1, 1861, under Colonel J.P. Fyffe, it went into the field soon after under General Nelson in Eastern Kentucky. In December it joined Buell's army, and in the spring of 1862 moved to the relief of Grant at Shiloh, fighting through the whole of the second day. It participated in the siege of Corinth, and after the evacuation marched into Northern Alabama. In August it began its race with Bragg through Tennessee and Kentucky, reaching Louisville September 25th, and again pursued Bragg southward, participating in the battle of Stone River. It opened the fight at Chickamauga and contested every inch of ground against overwhelming numbers. In November the Regiment assaulted Mission Ridge, and afterwards marched for Knoxville. It joined Sherman's Atlanta campaign in the spring of 1864, taking active part in all the battles and skirmishes to the end. Its three years term having expired in September, it was ordered to Nashville, where the men were mustered out October 31, 1864.

From Dyer's Compendium

59th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Ripley, Ohio, September 12, 1861. Moved to Maysville, Ky., October 1. Nelson's Campaign in Kentucky October-November. Action at West Liberty October 21. Olympian Springs November 4. Ivy Mountain November 8. Piketown November 8-9. Moved to Louisa, thence to Louisville and to Columbia, Ky., December 11. Attached to 11th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to December, 1861. 11th Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Ohio, to March, 1862. 11th Brigade, 5th Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 11th Brigade, 5th Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Left Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 21st Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to September, 1864. Unattached, 4th Division, 20th Army Corps, Dept. of the Cumberland, to October, 1864. Tullahoma, Tenn., Defences of Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, Dept. of the Cumberland, to October, 1864.
SERVICE.--Duty at Columbia, Ky., December 11, 1861, to February 15, 1862. March to Bowling Green, Ky., thence to Nashville, Tenn., February 15-March 8. March to Savannah, Tenn.; March 18-April 6. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Occupation of Corinth May 30, and pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 12. March to Stevenson, Ala., via Iuka, Miss., Tuscumbia, Florence, Huntsville and Athens, Ala., June 12-July 24; thence to Battle Creek and duty there till August 20. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 20-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-22. Battle of Perryville October 8 (Reserve). Nelson's Cross Roads October 18, March to Nashville, Tenn., October 22-November 7, and duty there till December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. At Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-26. Orchard Knob November 23. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 8. Operations in East Tennessee till April, 1864. Action at Charleston December 28, 1863 (Detachment). Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8. Demonstrations on Rocky Face Ridge and Dalton May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Adairsville May 17. Near Kingston May 18-19. Near Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Pickett's Mills May 27. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 10-14 Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Transferred to 23rd Army Corps and ordered to Tullahoma, Tenn., thence to Nashville, Tenn., October 24. Mustered out October 31, 1864. Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 45 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 109 Enlisted men by disease. Total 157

Colonel E.D. Hall and Wife - 46 North Carolina Infantry Albumen Photograph

          SOLD!!!

A nice photograph of Colonel E.D. Hall and his wife of the 46th North Carolina Infantry.  The actual photograph is approximately 7 1/2 inches by 5 inches.  The card is 8 inches by 5 inches.  On the back in pencil is "Col. E.D. Hall & wife Sallie London Green Hall".


Edward Dudley Hall

Residence New Hanover County NC; 
Enlisted on 5/16/1861 at New Hanover County, NC as a Captain.

On 5/16/1861 he was commissioned into "H" Co. NC 18th Infantry 
He was transferred out on 8/17/1861

On 8/17/1861 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NC 7th Infantry 
He was discharged for promotion on 4/4/1862

On 4/4/1862 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NC 46th Infantry 
He Resigned on 12/31/1863
 (Resigned to accept job as Sherrif of New Hanover County, NC)


Promotions:
* Major 8/17/1861 (As of 7th NC Inf)
* Colonel 4/4/1862 (As of 46th NC Inf)
* Colonel 4/4/1862 (As of Co. S, 46th inf)


Other Information:
born 9/27/1823 in Wilmington, NC


(Died in June, 1896)

After the War he lived in Wilmington, NC

Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc.:

 - North Carolina Troops 1861-65, A Roster
 - Confederate Military History
(c) Historical Data Systems, Inc. @ www.civilwardata.com

Colonel Edward Dudley Hall, the first commander of the Forty-
sixth regiment, North Carolina troops, was born at Wilmington, 
September 27, 1823, the son of Edward Pearsall Hall, a prominent 
man of the Cape Fear region.  He was educated at Donaldson 
academy, and in 1845 was married to Susan Hill Lane, of 
Wilmington, who died in 1850, leaving one son.

He subsequently married Sallie Loudon Green, daughter of James S. 
Green, by whom two sons and three daughters are living.  Early in 
manhood he began an active career in politics as a Democrat, was 
elected to the legislature in 1846, and as sheriff in 1852, an 
office in which he was retained for eight years.  In 1861 he 
raised the first company of volunteers in that part of the State, 
with which, as captain, he was mustered in with the Second 
regiment of volunteers.

Upon the organization of the Seventh regiment, State troops, in 
August, 1861, he was commissioned major of that command.  At the 
battle of New Bern, March 14, 1862, he was distinguished for 
gallantry in the bayonet charge of his regiment, by which the 
enemy were driven from the breastworks at Fort Thompson and a 
section of Brem's battery retaken.

Soon afterward, on account of the fame which he gained on this 
occasion, he had the honor of being elected colonel of the Forty-
sixth, then forming, though he was personally acquainted with but 
one man in the regiment.  Going into Virginia with this command 
he was assigned to Walker's, afterward Cooke's, brigade, and 
served in all the battles of the army of Northern Virginia up to 
December, 1864, when disability compelled his resignation.

After the wounding of Colonel Manning, he commanded the brigade 
at Sharpsburg and was commended by his superior officers for his 
efficient service in this capacity.  At Fredericksburg, after the 
wounding of General Cooke, he was in command of his brigade at 
Marye's hill, where he fought with Cobb's brigade, repulsing six 
attacks of the enemy.  He declined promotion to brigadier-
general, though urged upon him by A. P. Hill.

During the Gettysburg campaign he rendered conspicuous service on 
the South Anna river.  After his return home he served one year 
as sheriff, and in 1866 was elected to the State senate.  He was 
a delegate to the first Democratic convention after the war, and 
was nominated for lieutenant-governor on the ticket headed by 
Judge Thomas S. Ashe.  In a campaign which required fearlessness 
to conduct he was very active.

In 1883 he began a term of four years as mayor of Wilmington, and 
was subsequently elected chief of police.  For three years he was 
special inspector of customs for the Wilmington district, and 
during the four years preceding the final failure of his health, 
he held the position of major-general commanding the North 
Carolina division, United Confederate veterans.  His death 
occurred in June, 1896.

Source:  Confederate Military History Vol. V p. 524

84th Indiana Infantry Reunion Photograph - Badge Grouping - Dunkirk, Indiana

 A nice grouping of a reunion photograph of the 84th Indiana Infantry at their reunion held in Dunkirk, Indiana in 1908.  Also in the group is the badge from the same reunion in 1908 at Dunkirk, Indiana.  The photograph is approximately 7 inches by 5 inches.  It is attached to a gray board that is approximately 10 inches by 8 inches.  All the veterans are sitting in front of a building.  Most of the veterans are wearing the 1908 84th Indiana Infantry reunion badge.  Written below the veterans on the photograph is "84th Indiana Volenteer Infantry. 36th Annual Reunion - Dunkirk, IND. 1908".  The wrong spelling is on the photograph not my mistake.  The badge is a three part badge.  The hanger is a brass type metal with "Souvenir" on it.  The ribbon is a blue ribbon.  Written on the ribbon is "Samuel Orr - Colonel - 84th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Reunion - 36th Annual Reunion - Dunkirk, IND. - Sept. 18, 1908".  A celluloid drop is attached of Colonel Samuel Orr.  It seems the badge manufacturers got the spelling right but the photographer needed to go back to school!  The badge has had some significant separation and is supported with acid free tape on the back.

84th Indiana Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
84th Indiana Infantry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 3, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book
84th Indiana Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 6, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book

Regimental History
Eighty-fourth Indiana Infantry. — Cols., Nelson Trusler, Andrew J. Neff, Martin B. Miller; Lieut. -Cols., Samuel Orr, Andrew J. Neff, William A. Boyd, John C. Taylor, Martin B. Miller, George N. Carter; Majs., Andrew J. Neff, William A. Boyd, William Burres, John C. Taylor, Martin B. Miller, George N. Carter, Robert M. Grubbs. This regiment was organized at Richmond and was mustered in Sept. 3, 1862. It left the state on the 8th for Covington, Ky., where it was assigned to the defenses against the threatened invasion of Kirby Smith's forces. On Oct. 1 it moved by rail for Point Pleasant, W. Va., and moved from there on the 13th for Guyandotte, where it remained until Nov. 14. It was then in the vicinity of Cassville and Catlettsburg, Ky., until Feb. 7, 1863, when it left Catlettsburg for Louisville, which place was reached on the 17th, and the regiment was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 3d division, Army of Kentucky. It was first ordered to Nashville, then to Franklin, where it remained until June 3, being engaged in several skirmishes. It marched for Triune and was assigned to the 1st brigade, 1st division, reserve corps, Gen. Granger commanding. It was in the fight at Triune and pursuit of Bragg, the regiment marching to Middleton, Shelby villa and Wartrace, remaining there until Aug. 12. It moved to Estill springs on the 20th, thence to Tullahoma, Stevenson, Bridgeport and Chattanooga, arriving at the latter place Sept. 13. It participated in the battle of Chickamauga, where its division held the extreme left, on the first day, repeatedly repulsing desperate assaults, and on the next day materially aided Gen. Thomas in saving his army from the massed assault of the enemy, losing in the two days 125 in killed, wounded and missing. The regiment moved to Lookout mountain, thence to Moccasin point, and on Nov. 1, to Shell Mound, where it remained until Jan. 26, 1864. It was then assigned to the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 4th army corps, and moved towards Georgia via Cleveland, being engaged at Buzzard Roost. It returned to Cleveland and remained there until May 3, when it moved with the army for Atlanta. It was engaged at Tunnel Hill, Rocky Face ridge, Dalton, Resaca, Kingston, Pumpkin Vine creek, Pine mountain, Kennesaw mountain, Kolb's farm and Peachtree creek. It participated in the operations about Atlanta and in the battles of Jonesboro and Lovejoy's Station, afterward being transferred to the 2nd brigade, 3d division, and left Atlanta on Oct. 3, for Chattanooga, moving thence to Athens, Ala., and thence to Pulaski, Tenn., Columbia and Franklin, being present at the battle at the latter place on Nov. 30. It moved to Nashville, and in the battle there participated in a charge on the enemy's skirmish line, and later in a charge upon the main works of the enemy, carrying his position and driving him from the field. It moved in pursuit as far as Huntsville, Ala., and remained there until March 13, when it was ordered to eastern Tennessee, operating about Knoxville, Strawberry plains and Bull's gap, until it moved to Nashville on Apr. 18. It was mustered out June 14, 1865, when the recruits were transferred to the 57th Ind. with which they served until its muster-out in November. The original strength of the regiment was 949; gain by recruits, 78; total, 1,027. Loss by death, 207; desertion, 53; unaccounted for, 9.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3


General Joseph Wheeler Photograph and Autograph

SOLD!!!

A wonderful photograph of Major General Joseph Wheeler in his Spanish American War uniform.  The photograph is in an old wooden frame and has Wheeler's clipped signature below the photograph.  The photograph measures approximately 5 7/16 inches by 6 3/4 inches.  The signature says "Joseph Wheeler - Major Gen Vols".  The frame is approximately 10 1/2 inches by 12 1/4 inches.  


Major General George H. Thomas CDV & Autograph

SOLD!!!

A great image of Major General George H. Thomas with his signature on the reverse of the image!  The image is in a CDV format and the backmark is A.S. Morse, Photographer, Dep't of the Cumberland, Nashville, Tennessee.  General Thomas signed the back of the image "George H. Thomas, Maj. Gen'l, Commanding Dep'r Cumber".    


Confederate Veterans with a Plane and a Machine Gun Photograph

Two great photographs of Green B. Sorrell, 47th Alabama Infantry.  The first photograph has a group of Confederate veterans standing in front of a Bi-plane with some wicked looking machine guns.  The machine guns look quite different from the muskets stacked in front of the plane.  One old vet is even holding his Civil War pistol!  This photograph was taken at the 1932 Montgomery, Alabama United Confederate Veterans National reunion.  The plane was at the local U.S. Army base.  Green B. Sorrell is third from the right and he is wearing a UCV staff badge.  On the back of the photograph is "Photo by 4th Photo Section - Air Corps - Maxwell Field - Montgomery, Ala. - Title _________".

The second photograph is a photo of Sorrells wearing his Southern Cross.   Written on the back of the photograph in pencil is "Great Grandfather Sorrell - Green B. Sorrell - G.B. Sorrell, Co. H, 47th Ala. Inf.".

The first photograph is approximately 7 1/2 inches by 9 3/8 inches.  The second photograph measures approximately 5 inches by 6 3/4 inches.

47th Alabama Infantry Regiment

1862

May 22

Organized at Loachapoka, Alabama, under Colonel James McCarthy Oliver and Lieutenant Colonel James W. Jackson

June

Sent to Virginia, where it was attached to Taliaferro's Brigade of Jackson's Division.

August 9

Battle of Cedar Run

Suffered 12 killed and 76 wounded, including Captains Michael Jefferson Bulger, wounded, and Albert C. Menefee, killed

August

Lt. Colonel Jackson promoted to colonel

August 30

Second Battle of Manasses

The regiment suffered 7 killed and 25 wounded, including Adjutant Henry A. Garrett, wounded, and Lieutenant William Grimmett, killed

September 1

Battle of Chantilly

September 12 - 15

Siege of Harpers Ferry

September 17

Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel James W. Jackson, who took command of the brigade at the begnning of the battle. Captain James M. Campbell commanded the regiment.

 

lost 98 of the115 men engaged, including Colonel James W. Jackson, wounded, Captain Henry C. Lindsey, wounded, and Lieutenant George W. Gammell, killed. Seventeen men under a sergeant were all that could muster on the 18th

December 13

Battle of Fredericksburg

Captain Capt. James M. Campbell commanded the regiment.

1863

January 19

Transferred to Law's Alabama Brigade in Hood's Division of Longstreet's Corps per Lee's Special Orders No. 19

Aptil 27

Captain Samuel A. Cox died in service

April 11 - May 6

Suffolk Campaign

June 11

Captain John N. McKee died in service

July 1 - 3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lt. Colonel Michael Jefferson Bulger, who was shot through the lung, left behind presumably dying when the regiment fell back, and captured. Major J. M. Campbell took over the regiment. It lost 40 casualties, including Captain Joseph Johnston, Jr., who was killed.

 

From the report of Maj. Campbell: "Lieut.-Col. M. J. Bulger fought most nobly. Out of 21 officers, 4 were killed; all the 21 acted well. About one-third of the whole number were killed and wounded." Footnote: "Lieutenant-Colonel Bulger was not killed. On July 16, 1863, he became colonel, vice James W. Jackson, resigned."

July 10

Colonel James W. Jackson resigned due to ill health

July 16

Lt. Colonel Bulger was promoted to to colonel while still in a Federal hospital. He would be exchanged in several months but would never return to the field. Bulger acknowledged that "the compassion shown by (Union Colonel James C.) Rice saved his life." Rice, whose 44th New York had been defending Little Round Top against Bulger's men, had accepted his surrender and made sure Bulger was taken care of by a Union surgeon.

September 20

Battle of Chickamauga

October 28

Lookout Valley

Commended in report on engagement; suffered no casualties.

September

The regiment was transferred to the west with Longstreet and two divisions.

November

Siege of Knoxville

Colonel Bulger commanded the regiment.

1864

April

The regiment returned to the Eastern Theater with Longstreet's two divisions.

May 5 - 6

Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 111 casualties, including Captains William Ballard, wounded and captured, and James A. Sanford, killed

May 7 - 12

Battle of Spottsylvania
Lt. Colonel Michael Bulger and Major James McDonald Campbell were killed.

June 13 - July 31

The regiment suffered 6 killed and 9 wounded

August 1 - December 31

The regiment lost 7 killed and 27 wounded, including Lt. Colonel Leigh Richmond Terrell, killed Oct. 13; and and Captain J. A. Gaskin, also killed

November

On north side of James River in Law's (then Perry's) Brigade

1865

April 9

Surrendered at Appomattox about 90 men under Captain Eli Daniel Clower

 



Outstanding Large Stonewall Camp, U.C.V. Photograph

Just purchased!  A Portsmouth, Virginia United Confederate Veteran photograph wearing the Stonewall Camp badge and another Stonewall jackson badge.  The image is about 14 inches by 10 1/2 inches.  The frame is abou 21 1/2 inches by 16 3/4 inches.  The photograph is stamped "Stertzbach, 208 High St. Portsmouth, VA".  The veteran has a southern cross, Stonewall camp #758 badge, and another camp badge with Stonewall Jackson's likeness.  He is also wearing a hat with a "SC" (Stonewall Camp) hat wreath.  

Confederate Dead in front of Fort Robinette, Corinth, Mississippi Albumen

SOLD!!!
A nice albumen photograph of the Confederate dead in front of Fort Robinette, Corinth, Mississippi.  This photograph was taken the day after the battle and is one of the few Confederate dead photographs from the Western theater.   The photo is approximately 8 inches by 5 1/8 inches.  You can see at least two Confederate soldiers dead and several horses.  The photo is attached to a green card and written on the card in ink is "Confederate dead in front of Fort Robinette, Corinth, Mississippi (The day after the battle)" and in pencil "Oct 5, 1862".  I am including an enhanced photo of this card for your review.  This is a computer enhanced image and is not the clarity of the albumen.

10 Tennessee Infantry Captain E.J. McGavock CDV

SOLD!!!

A hard to find image of Captain E.J. McGavock of the 10th Tennessee Infantry.  McGavock was brother to Colonel Randall McGavock killed at the battle of Raymond, Mississippi.  The photographer on the image was C.C. Giers, Nashville, Tennessee.


Commodore George N. Hollins CDV

SOLD!!!
A nice image of Confederate Commodore George N. Hollins.  The backmark on the image is "Sold By Lawrence & Houseworth, Opticians, 637 Clay Street, San Francisco - Published by E.&H.T. Anthony, No. 501 Broadway, New York, Manufacturers of the Best Photographic Albumns.".
 
Commodore George Nichols Hollins was born at Baltimore, September 20, 1799. He entered the navy of the United States as midshipman in 1814, served on the Erie in her attempt to break the British blockade of Chesapeake bay, and was subsequently transferred to the President, where he served under Stephen Decatur until captured at Bermuda, where he was held until peace was established. His career thus gallantly begun, continued to be a conspicuous one. In the Algerian war of 1815 he served under Decatur with such merit as to be presented a sword in recognition of his gallantry. Subsequently he was on duty upon the Guerriere, Columbus, Franklin, and Washington, and commanded an East India merchantman for a time. He was promoted lieutenant in 1828, commander in 1841, and captain U. S. N. in 1855. In the latter year he bombarded Graytown in the interests of American residents. In 1861 Captain Hollins resigned his commission, upon which the war department refused to accept the resignation and ordered his arrest. But he eluded the effort made to this end, and in March, 1861, was at Montgomery, then the Confederate capital, where he met Semmes, Tattnall, Brent, and many other naval officers, for consultation with the committees of the Confederate Congress on the means to provide a navy for the new government. Hollins became a commander in the navy of the Confederate States, was assigned to very important duties, and quickly attracted attention by his clever capture, on June 29, 1861, of the steamer St. Nicholas in the Potomac river. On July 10th the naval defenses of the James river were placed under his command, and on July 31st he was put in charge of the naval station at New Orleans, where he defeated the Federal blockading squadron in the following October. Being appointed flagofficer, in December he took a fleet up the Mississippi river to assist in the defense of the works at Columbus, Ky. In April, 1862, he was called back to New Orleans by the appearance of the enemy in force, but before the fall of the city he was appointed to the court of inquiry on the destruction of the Virginia. After the war he resided at Baltimore, and died there January 18, 1878.

Major General John Sedgwick - 1st U.S. Cavalry - KIA - CDV

A nice image of Major General John Sedgwick, one of the most beloved soldiers in the Army of the Potomac.  He graduated West Point in 1837 and served against the Seminoes and Cherokee Indians.  He served under both Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott in the Mexican War and won brevets of captain and major.  He was major of the 1st U.S. Cavalry and was promoted colonel on the defection to the Confederacy of R.E. Lee and William J. Hardee.  He was commisioned brigadier general on August 31, 1861.  He fought on the Peninsula until he was wounded at Frayser's Farm in June 1862.  He was promoted major general in July 1862.  He was wounded three times at Sharpsburg and was carried from the field.  After his recovery he commanded the VI corps.  He commanded at Chancellorsville,Gettysburg, and the Wilderness.  At Spottsylvania he exposed himself to enemy fire and his aides cautioned him.  His reply, "they couldn't hit an elephant at this distance," was soon followed by the whistle and thump of a sharpshooters bullet which struck him below the left eye and killed him almost instantly. 
 
This great image of General Sedgwick has him seated wearing his major general's uniform.  The backmark on this image is "E.&H.T. Anthony, New York".

Lt. George Montgomery Fleming - 137 PA Infantry, 21 PA Cavalry, 11 US Infantry - CDV

SOLD!!!
A very nice clean image of Lieutenant George Montgomery Flming of the 137th Pennsylvania Infanty, the 21st Pennsylvania Cavalry, and the 11th United States Infantry.  In August 1862, Fleming mustered into the 137th Pennsylvania Infnatry as a private.  He mustered out in june 1863.  In August 1863 he mustered into Company E, 21st Pennsylvania Cavalry as a private and by January 1864 was quartermaster sergeant.  He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant in March 1864.  He served with the 21st Pennsylvania Cavalry until July 1865.  He had subsequent service with the 11th United States Regular Army as an officer.  This image is of Fleming when he was serving in the 11th US infantry.  The backmark is "C.R. Rees & Co., Richmond, Virginia, 1868".  Fleming signed his signature on the reverse of the image in period ink.  Written on the back of the image is "G.M. Fleming - 1st Lieut - 11th US'. 
 

137th Infantry Regiment
Pennsylvania Volunteers

Company A, of this regiment, was recruited principally in Wayne County,
Company B, in Crawford County,
Companies C, E, and H, in Clinton County,
Companies D, F, and G, in Butler County,
Company I, in Bradford County, and Company K, in Schuylkill County.

The men rendezvoused by squads and companies, at Camp Curtin, and on the 25th of August, 1862, a regimental organization was effected, by the choice of the following field officers:

  • Henry N. Bossert, of Clinton county, Colonel
  • Joseph B. Kiddoo, of Allegheny county, Lieutenant Colonel
  • Charles W. Wingard, of Clinton county, Major
With the exception of a small number of officers and men who had served in the militia, and in the three months' service, and Lieutenant Colonel Kiddoo, who had made the Peninsula campaign under M'Clellan, as a private, all were wanting in military experience.

Soon after its organization, the regiment was ordered to Washington, and upon its arrival, reported to General Casey. It went into camp near the city, and during its stay the companies were drilled by officers from the neighboring forts. On the 31st, it was assigned to General Hancock's Brigade, Smith's Division, Sixth Corps, then marching through Washington, after the defeat at Bull Run, and about to enter on the Maryland camnpaign.

South Mountain and Antietam

At Crampton's Gap, in the South Mountain, the corps came up with the enemy, and the regiment was here for the first time under fire, though not in the front line. The Pass was carried without its active participation, though the men were eager for the fray, and bore themselves, though almost entirely destitute of knowledge in military duty, with commendable coolness. After crossing the mountain, Colonel Bossert was ordered with a detachment from the different regiments of the brigade, to proceed in the direction of Harper's Ferry, and establish a line across the valley to guard against surprise from that direction. The rest of the regiment was assigned to the charge of the wagon train.

As the battle of Antietam opened, Colonel Bossert drew in his detachment and re-joined the brigade on the field. The Colonel, with Company I, was sent to the support of the brigade battery, and by his coolness under fire, won the thanks of the commander of the brigade. The main body of the regiment was held in reserve, and after the battle, assisted in burying the dead. It was then ordered to stay at Dam!No. 4, on the Potomac, where it was engaged in guard duty, and battalion drill.

When Stuart with his rebel cavalry made his raid into Pennsylvania, the brigade, then commanded by General Pratt, was sent in pursuit. The men were aroused at midnight and put upon the march, and no halt was called until they were far into Pennsylvania. The pursuit was fruitless, and the command went into camp a few miles from Hagerstown, near the State line.

Near the close of October, when the army returned into Virginia, the regiment was ordered to the defenses of Washington, and was encamped to the south of the east branch of the Potomac, with other new regiments. An excellent opportunity was here given for drill and dissipline, which, was studiously improved.

When the army reached Fredericksburg, under command of General Burnside, the regiment was again ordered to the field, and marching down to a point opposite, Acquia Creek, crossed the river. Here Colonel Bossert was placed in command of the post, with a brigade, composed of his own regiment. four regiments of New Jersey troops, and one friom New York, and was charged with guarding the landing, and the railroad leading to Fredericksburg.

The regiment remained on duty here, until Burnside opened his second campaign on the 20th of January, 1863, when it was ordered to the front, and assigned to the Third Brigade, First Division, First Army Corps, General Paul commanding the brigade, and Wadsworth the division.

Upon the abandonment of this campaign, it went into camp at Belle Plain, where it became well versed in drill and picket duty. On the 14th of March, Colonel Bossert was honorably discharged, and Lieutenant Colonel Kiddoo was promoted to succeed him, Major Wingard, to Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain Die Los Walker, to Major.

Chancellorsville

In the campaign under Hooker, which opened on the 27th of April, the regiment moved out with the corps, and crossing the RappahaInnock at Franklin's Crossing, under a heavy artillery fire, took position on the south bank, and built temporary earth-works. It remained in this position, under a violent fre of the enemy's artillery, until the night of the 1st of May, when the corps was ordered away to Chancellorsville, where the main body of the army was in position, and where the premonitions of hard fighting were strongly marked.

Accordingly, it re-crossed the river, marched to United States Ford, passed the stream, and after having just encamped for the night near its banks, was suddenly aroused and moved to the front, on the extreme right of the line, the Eleventh Corps having in the meantime been routed by the powerful army of Stonewall Jackson. The position of the brigade was on the right of the corps, and the One Hundred and Thirty-seventh on the right of the brigade. There was no serious fighting in its front, and three days after it returned with the army and occupied its former camp.

About the middle of May, the term of enlistment being about to expire, it was ordered to Harrisburg, where, on the 1st of June, it was finally mustered out of service.

Source: Bates, Samuel P. History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg, 1868-1871.

 

 

21st Cavalry / 182d Regiment

Pennsylvania Volunteers

The Twenty-first Cavalry was recruited during the months of July and August, 1863, by authority of Governor Curtin, under the President's call of June 15th, for cavalry for six months' service.

  • Company A was recruited in York county,
  • Company B in Adams County,
  • Companies C, and G in Lancaster County,
  • Companies D, I, I, K, L, and M in Franklin County,
  • Comapny E in Bedford County, and
  • Company F in Cambria County.
The companies were equipped and mounted at Camp Couch, near Harrisburg, and were thence sent to camp of instruction near Chambersburg. The following field officers were selected and commissioned:

  • William H. Boyd, Colonel
  • Richard F. Moson, Lieutenant Colonel
  • Charles F. Gillies, Major
  • Oliver B. Knowles, Major
  • John W. Jones, Major
The field officers were all experienced in cavalry duty. Colonel Boyd had commanded a company in the Lincoln Cavalry, which had attained distinction upon the Peninsula, and especially in skirmishing with the advance of Lee's army, in the Cumberland Valley, in the Gettysburg campaign. Lieutenant Colonel Moson had commanded a company in the Seventh Cavalry. Major Gillies was a regular army officer, and Major Knowles had served with great gallantry under--Captain Boyd--in-the Lincoln Cavalry. Most of the line officers and men had previously been in the service.

On the 23d of August, the regiment was ordered to Harrisburg, whence a detachment, consisting of companies C, E, K, H, L, and M, was sent for duty to Pottsville and Scranton, and company B to Gettysburg. The remaining five companies, under command of Colonel Boyd, proceeded to Harper's Ferry, and during the fall and winter, were engaged in arduous duty in the Department of the Shenandoah.

In January, 1864, authority was given to re-organize the regiment for three years service, and about the 1st of February, its scattered ranks were concentrated at camp near Chambersburg, where the troops who did not choose to re-enlist were mustered out of service; the remainder were mustered for the long term, and its depleted ranks were filled by new recruits, The field officers all remained, with the exception of Major Joties, whose place was filled by the promotion of Captain Robert Bell.

On the 1st of April, company D was ordered to duty at Scranton, Pennsylvania, where it remained for over a year. About the middle of May, the regiment was ordered to Washington, where, upon its arrival, it was dismounted, armed and equipped as infantry, and sent by transport to join the Army of the Potomac. It arrived at the front on the Ist of June, and was assigned to the Second Brigade, First Division, of the Fifth Corps, where it was associated with the Sixty-second Pennsylvania, and Twenty-second and Twenty-third Massachusetts, commanded by Colonel Sweitzer.

The army was then in front of Cold Harbor, and at noon of the 2d, the regiment was sent to the left of the Fifth Corps, where it was ordered to throw up breast-works. These were hardly completed, before the enemy opened upon it a flank fire from his artillery, from which Lieutenant Richard Waters was instantly killed. On the following morning, it was ordered a half-mile to the right, to the support of a battery, and at seven, the enemy brought his twenty-four pounders into play, killing two men and three horses belonging to the battery. The regiment was subsequently ordered to the front line,and in reaching it, was obliged to pass over a grain-field which was raked by the enemy's infantry and artillery fire. The charge across this was gallantly made, but with a loss of eight killed and nineteen wounded. A galling fire was kept up during the entire day from behind breast-works, and, notwithstanding it had this protection, it suffered considerable additional loss, the entire number being eleven killed and forty-six wounded. Colonel Boyd received a severe wound, on account of which he was subsequently discharged. Captain William H. Phillips, and Lieutenant Martin P. Doyle, were also among the wounded.

On the 18th of June, it was again engaged in front of Petersburg. "We were marched" says J. D. H., who has published a pamphlet of the "Travels and Doings" of the regiment, "over the field where the Second Corps had been engaged the day before, and the ground was covered with their dead. We came to a halt in a woods, where we were ordered to lie down. The rebels then commenced to shell us. We lost a great many men, killed and wounded. Among the latter was Major Gillies, of the First Battalion, wounded in the knee. We were ordered to go forward, and charged across a large field, and came to the Petersburg and Suffolk Railroad. Here we halted and kept up a brisk fire with the rebels, who were behind their works in front of us about half a mile. In the evening we were ordered to charge a large rebel fort. We fixed bayonets, and went up the hill on a yell, while the rebels opened upon us a perfect hail-storm of iron and lead from their muskets, and from sixteen pieces of artillery. If Cold Harbor was hard, the fight of the 18th of June was harder. We charged the brow of the second hill, and the rebel fort lay directly in front of us, at a distance of about one hundred and fifty yards. Here we found that we could go no farther. He who went beyond this, went to his grave. Four times were our colors shot down, and four times were they raised again. Finding that we could do no more, we halted and formed, and while some carried rails and built works, others kept up a heavy fire on the fort, which effectually silenced their artillery. After forming a line of works, we lay behind them, keeping up a fire with the rebels until morning, when we were relieved and taken to the rear."

In this engagement, the loss was eleven killed, seventy-nine wounded, and one missing. Lieutenant Colonel Moson, and Lieutenant Henry G. Lott, were among the severely wounded, the latter mortally. Major Gillies was incapacitated for further service, and was honorably discharged,and Lieutenant Colonel Moson was prevented from re-joining his command until near the time of its muster-out. The command of the regiment consequently devolved on Major Knowles

.On the 22d, the regiment was again engaged on the Jerusalem Plank Road, losing two killed and three wounded. Early in July, the Sixty-second Regiment was mustered out of service, by reason of expiration of its term, and the Ninety-first was assigned to the brigade, to the command of which Colonel E. M. Gregory succeeded. The regiment remained for some time in heavy works, near the Ninth Corps line, where it was subjected to a vigorous shelling. On the 30th of July, upon the occasion of the springing of the Mine, it was under fire, and sustained some loss, Captain John H. Harmony being wounded, but no advantage was gained, and the routine of duty behind the works was resumed.

On the 18th of August, a descent was made upon the Weldon Railroad, in which the Twenty-first participated, and was engaged in destroying the track, when the enemy attacked; but by the timely arrival of a portion of the Ninth Corps, he was repulsed, and the portion of the road possessed was held. The loss was one killed and twenty-seven wounded. Among thelatter was Lieutenant James Speer Orr, mortally.

Early in September, the Twenty-first was brigaded with the One Hundred and Eighty-seventh, Major Knowles commanding. About the middle of the month, upon the withdrawal of the One Hundred and Eighty-seventh from the front, the Twenty-first was transferred to the First Brigade, General Sickel in command, where it was associated with the One Hundred and Ninety-eighth. On the 30th, the brigade joined in the movement to the left, and at Poplar Spring Church came upon the enemy's works, which were triumphantly carried, with a loss in the Twenty-first of sixteen killed and wounded. On the following day, the regiment was attacked while lying upon the ground, in a large open field, but held its position without serious loss. For its gallantry in this engagement, it received a complimentary order from General Griffin, in command bf the division. With this battle closed the connection of the regiment with the infantry.

On the 5th of October, the Twenty-first was sent to City Point, where it was equipped and mounted, and ordered to the division of General D. M'M.Gregg, in which it was assigned to the First Brigade, composed of the First Maine, Sixth and Thirteenth Ohio, Second New York, and Twenty-first Pennsylvania, commanded by Colonel C. H. Smith. On the 27th of October, ther egiment was in a sharp engagement at the Boydton Plank Road, where the division went to the support of the Second Corps, which was hard pressed.The fighting was severe, and the Union forces were obliged to retire, the cavalry holding the line until the infantry and artillery were well out of the way, and then cutting its way out after night-fall. The Twenty-first lost three killed, thirty-three wounded, and eighteen missing. Captains Elias M'Mellen and George F. Cooke, and Lieutenants Martin P. Doyle, Henry C. Pearson, JohnT. Pfoutz, and Henry B. Kendig, were among the wounded, and Lieutenant William Chandler, among the prisoners.

On the 1st of December, the division proceeded to Stony Creek Station, destroying the station and rebel stores.The regiment was of the rear-guard on the return march, and sustained some loss. On the 4th, company E was detailed for duty at the headquarters of the Sixth Corps, with which it remained until near the close of its service. On the 6th the regiment was again out upon the Bellefield raid, and on the10th was engaged, losing two killed, five wounded, and one, Lieutenant John A. Devers, a prisoner. In the meantime, Major Knowles was promoted to Colonel, and Captain Richard Ryckman to Major.

On the 5th of February, 1865, a heavy force of the Union army moved across Hatcher's Run, for the purpose of opening the way to the left, and extending the lines towards the South Side Railroad. It was met by the enemy, and heavy fighting ensued, but the Union forces held their ground. Gregg's Cavalry co-operated, and moved on to Dinwiddie Court House, meeting some opposition, but having no serious fighting. Colonel Knowles had command of the brigade in this expedition.

During the winter, the Twenty-first was recruited to the full maximum strength, and on the 1st of March, was transferred to the Second Brigade, of the Second Division, which was composed of the Second, Fourth, Eighth, Sixteenth and Twenty-first Pennsylvania regiments, commanded by General J. Irvin Gregg. The dismounted men of the Twenty-first, comprising nearly half its entire strength, were ordered to City Point, under command of Captain James Mickley, and with the dismounted men of the brigade, participated, under command of Major Oldham, of the Eighth Pennsylvania, in the final assault upon the defenses of Petersburg.

"On the 29th of March," says Major Bell," the cavalry corps moved out on the left flank of the army, the Eighth Pennsylvania having the advance. By some mistake, this regiment mistook the road, which left the Twenty-first in advance, and gave it the honor of making the first charge in the campaign, striking the rebels near Dinwiddie Court House, carrying their barricades, and capturing some prisoners, from whom important information, pertaining to the rebel cavalry under Fitz Hugh Lee, was obtained. The Twenty-first was not in the fight of the 31st, which well nigh proved a disaster, it having been detailed to hold a bridge over Stony Creek. When it was discovered that the cavalry line was unable to hold its ground, Colonel Forsythe, of Sheridan's staff, ordered the Twenty-first to throw up a line of works across the road, in rear of the Court House, and said, with emphasis, "Thismust be held, at all hazards, until morning, when the Fifth Corps will be up"

Fortunately, the rebels did not follow their advantage, and the regiment was undisturbed during the night. The Second Brigade was only partially engaged at Five Forks, it being posted to prevent any flanking attacks on the left. On the 5th of April, the Second Division struck the rebel wagon train, and captured a battery, destroying two hundred wagons, and bringing in some nine hundred mules. The First Brigade made the captures, while the Second and Third did the most of the fighting. Out of two hundred and thirty-four engaged, the Twenty-first lost ninety-eight in killed, wounded, and missing, in less than half an hour. Adjutant Samuel Henry had two horses shot under him. On the next day, the Twenty-first was in the fight at Sailors' Creek, capturing a number of prisoners, with the loss of Lieutenant J. Henry Triece, killed, and a few men wounded. On the 7th, the brigade had a sharp, and in a measure disastrous fight, at Farmville, in which General Gregg was captured, and the regiment sustained some loss, mostly prisoners.

At daylight on the 9th, our brigade, under Colonel Young, of the Fourth, was thrown across the main road to Lynchburg, upon which the rebel army was retreating, and had some sharp work, contesting the ground in front, while Rosser's Cavalry hung upon its rear. Finally, the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth corps came up, and the division turned upon Rosser, who was driven nearly a mile, when he made a determined stand, and preparations were made to charge him in force. The Third Brigade had the centre, and the Twenty-first led on the main Lynchburg Road. At the sound of the bugle, the regiment dashed forward ,driving in the rebel skirmish line; but by the time his main force was reached, it was discovered that the regiment was entirely unsupported, and fearfully exposed to capture. A precipitate retreat was made, in which some prisoners were lost. On its way back, it was greeted with the glad tidings that Lee had surrendered, the other brigades having received the intelligence just as the Twenty-first went forward.

From Appomattox Court House, the brigade marched back to Burkesville, and shortly after to Petersburg. It had been but a few days in camp, when Sheridan moved with his entire cavalry corps for North Carolina, Upon his arrival at the Dan River, learning that General Johnston had surrendered, he turned back, and retired again to Petersburg. Early in May, the brigade was sent to Lynchburg, whence detachments were sent for provost duty to various points in the surrounding counties. Colonel Knowles, with a part of the Twenty-first, was sent to Danville, Virginia.

About the middle of June, the entire regiment, including detached companies and dismounted men, was concentrated at Lynchburg, and on the 8th of July, was mustered out of service. The active duty of the regiment really commenced on the 1st of June, 1864, at Cold Harbor, and virtually ended on the 9th of April, at Appomattox Court House, a period of a little over ten months. In that time it had three field officers severely wounded, one staff officer slightly wounded, one died of disease, and one was discharged to accept promotion in the One Hundred and Fifty-fifth Regiment. Of the line officers, four were killed in battle or mortally wounded, ten were wounded, four were wounded previous to their promotions,and four were captured. Of the enlisted men, one hundred and forty-seven were killed in battle, or died of disease, and two hundred and fifty-three were wounded.

Organization

The original 21st Cavalry as organized at Harrisburg and Chambersburg June 28-August 1, 1863, for six months. Companies "C," "E," "H," "K," "L," "M," duty at Pottsville, Pa., and Scranton, Pa., and Company "B" at Gettysburg, Pa. Companies "A," "D," "F," "G" and "I" ordered to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., August 23, 1863. Attached to Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. West Virginia, to February, 1864. Duty about Harper's Ferry, W. Va. Expedition from Charlestown to New Market November 15-18 (Detachment). Mount Jackson November 16. Wells' demonstration from Harper's Ferry December 10-21. Skirmish at Winchester January 3, 1864. Mustered out February 20, 1864. The 21st was organized as a 3-year unit at Harrisburg February, 1864. (Co. "D" detached April 1, 1864, and duty at Scranton, Pa., entire term.) Regiment moved to Washington, D. C., May 15, 1864, thence to Join Army Potomac in the field, arriving at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps, to October, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry corps, Army Potomac, to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to July, 1865.

Service

Battles about Cold Harbor, Va., June 1-12, 1864.
Before Petersburg June 16-18.
Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
Weldon Railroad August 18-21.
Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2.
Sent to City Point October 5 and mounted.
Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28.
Warren's Expedition to Hicksford December 7-12.
Bellefield December 9-10.
Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.
Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
Dinwiddie C. H. March 30-31.
Five Forks April 1.
Paine's Cross Road April 5.
Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox C. H. April 9.
Surrender of Lee and his army.
Expedition to Danville April 23-29.
Moved to Lynchburg, Va., and duty there and in Dept. of Virginia till July.
Mustered out July 8, 1865.

Losses

Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 80 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 116 Enlisted men by disease. Total 202.
Source: Bates, Samuel P. History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg, 1868-1871.



Additional Pages
1  2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33  [Next Page]

Cash, Check, Money Order, and PayPal
We now accept PAYPAL for those of you who would like to use credit cards!  Please send to vann@veteransattic.com .
 
Your satisfaction and happiness is our major concern.  We will be glad to refund your purchase price if you are not happy with your purchase if returned within fifteen days of your receipt.
 
You can order through our web site or you can call 803-431-1798 for your order.  Sales are complete when we confirm items are still in stock.
 
We ship using the United States Post Office.
 
 
Featured Item
200 Pennslvania Infantry Regimental Badge

$325.00
Catalog update 11/02/2017
 Civil War Items
 Civil War Photographs
 Civil War Reference Books
 GETTYSBURG!
 Grand Army of the Republic
 Indian War and Western
 Mansfield, Ohio Civil War Show - May 2 - 3, 2015
 Mexican War
 Nashville (Franklin) Show, December 2011
 Revolutionary War
 SOLD Items
 Spanish American War
 United Confederate Veteran
 World War 1
About Us!
Contact Information
Home Page
Your Account

Copyright © 2017 The Veteran’s Attic
Powered by Web-Cat Copyright © 1996-2017 GrayCat Systems