Captain George E. Blair - 17 Ohio Infantry - POW - CDV Type
Item #: 14813
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A nice bust up photograph of Captain George E. Blair, of the 17th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The period photograph is attached to a thinner piece of backing than the normal CDV and there is no backmark. Typed on paper is "George E. Blair, Captain 17th Ohio Vols.". The size of the backing is 2 1/2 inches by 4 3/8 inches. The photograph is Civil War period. The backing doesn't seem to be.
A great photograph showing Civil War fortifications at Manassas, Virginia. An Union officer sits on a barrel on the left side of the photograph and an Union enlisted soldier stands on the right. You can see a train and wagons in the background. The photgraph was taken by Matthew Brady Photographic group.. On the back of the CDV is "Brady's Album Gallery. No. 324. - FORTIFICATIONS AT MANASSAS.".
A nice bust up image of Major General Henry Warner Slocum, USA. Written in brown ink under the photo is "Slocum". The back of the image has no backmark but "Maj. Gen. Slocum" is written in period ink.
Major General Henry Warner Slocum (USA)
Henry Warner Slocum was born in Delphi, New York. He graduated from the United States Military Academy seventh of 43 cadets in the class of 1852. He tutored his roommate, Philip Sheridan, in mathematics. Slocum was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Artillery and served in the Seminole War and at Fort Moultrie in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1855 and resigned his commission in October 1856 to settle in Syracuse, New York. He was admitted to the bar in 1858 and practiced law in Syracuse. He served as the county treasurer and was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1859. He also served as an artillery instructor in the New York Militia with the rank of colonel.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, Slocum was appointed colonel of the 27th New York Infantry. He led the regiment as part of Colonel Andrew Porter’s 1st Brigade, Colonel David Hunter’s 2nd Division at the First Battle of Bull Run on 21 July 1861. The 27th New York suffered 130 casualties and Slocum was severely wounded in the left thigh.
On 9 August 1861, he was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers and commanded the 2nd Brigade of Brig. Gen. William B. Franklin’s 1st Division, Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell’s I Corps, during the Peninsula Campaign. During the Seven Days Battles, he commanded the 1st Division of Franklin’s VI Corps distinguishing himself at the Battle of Gaines’ Mill on 27 June 1862. V Corps commander Fitz-John Porter complimented Slocum’s division as “one of the best divisions in the Army.”
On 4 July 1862, Slocum was promoted to major general of volunteers, the second youngest man in the Army to achieve that rank. He led his division covering the retreat of Maj. Gen. John Pope after the Second Battle of Bull Run on 29-30 August. At Crampton’s Gap during the Battle of South Mountain on 14 September, Slocum assaulted the enemy line behind a stone wall and routed it. Franklin described the victory as “the completest victory gained up to that time by any part of the Army of the Potomac.”
On 20 October 1862, Slocum was promoted to command of the XII Corps replacing Maj. Gen. Joseph K. Mansfield who was killed at the Battle of Antietam. He led the corps in the Fredericksburg Campaign but was not involved in the fighting at Fredericksburg. At the Battle of Chancellorsville on 1-5 May 1863, Slocum commanded the Union right wing, including the XII Corps, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade’s V Corps, and Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard’s XI Corps. Slocum maneuvered his wing into the read of Robert E. Lee’s army, halting the Confederate advance.
Slocum was not considered for command of the Army of the Potomac following Joseph Hooker’s resignation and his junior in rank George G. Meade assumed command. Slocum played a decisive role at Gettysburg. His XII Corps held Culp’s Hill on the Union right ensuring Meade’s ultimate victory against Lee. However, Slocum has been criticized by historians for not immediately coming to Howard’s XI Corps aid on 1 July 1863. Recently uncovered information seems to vindicate Slocum. He immediately sent Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams’ 1st Division to aid Howard at Gettysburg and prepared the rest of his corps to move despite an order from Meade that morning ordering Slocum to “halt [his] command where this order reach[ed] [him].”
When Slocum reached Gettysburg, he outranked Howard and Winfield Scott Hancock and commanded the Union army for about six hours until Meade arrived after midnight. During this time, he formed the Union defensive lines. When Meade asked if the army should attack or await the attack of the enemy, Slocum recommended to “stay and fight it out.”
On 2 July, Meade ordered Slocum to send the entire XII Corps to assist the defense against Lt. Gen. James Longstreet’s assault on the left flank. Slocum wisely held back Brig. Gen. George S. Greene’s brigade on Culp’s Hill. The 1,350-man brigade held out against a massive Confederate assault saving the critical hill for the Union.
After Gettysburg, Howard’s XI Corps and Slocum’s XII Corps under Joseph Hooker were sent to relieve the Army of the Cumberland at Chattanooga, Tennessee. Slocum sent two letters of resignation to President Lincoln when he learned he would be serving under Hooker. A compromise was reached where one division of XII Corps would remain under Slocum’s command to protect the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad while the other served directly under Hooker.
During the summer of 1864, Slocum commanded the District of Vicksburg and the XVII Corps of the Department of the Tennessee. Slocum’s administration of the district was so efficient and successful that attempts to transfer to a fighting command in Georgia were prevented by Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.
When Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson was killed during the Atlanta Campaign, command of the Army of the Tennessee opened up. Hooker was passed over and he resigned his commission. John A. Logan and Howard would command the Army of the Tennessee. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman selected Slocum to command the new XX Corps made up of the remnants of XI and XII Corps. When Atlanta fell, Slocum and his corps were the first to enter the city on 2 September 1864. He was occupation commander for 10 weeks and tried to make the occupation tolerable for the civilians. At the start of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign, Sherman left Slocum with 12,000 troops in Atlanta as Sherman pursued Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood.
During Sherman’s March to Sea, Slocum commanded the newly created Army of Georgia, composed of the Brig. Gen. Jefferson C. Davis’ XIV Corps and Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams’ XX Corps, operating as the left wing. Sherman’s right wing was the Army of the Tennessee commanded by Howard. The men travelled light foraging for supplies on the march to Savannah, Georgia. Slocum took the surrender of the city on 21 December 1864, and then set up fire guards and prevented the city from being damaged. Slocum recommended cutting off Confederate Gen. William J. Hardee’s corps, but Sherman rejected the plan and Hardee escape to fight again at Bentonville.
During the Carolinas Campaign, Slocum’s army was heavily engaged at the Battle of Averasborough on 15-16 March 1865, and the Battle of Bentonville, on 19 March, where Slocum successfully held off a surprise assault by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Johnston surrendered on 17 April. Slocum then commanded the Department of the Mississippi from April through September 1865. He resigned and returned to Syracuse, New York.
Slocum ran as the Democratic candidate for Secretary of State of New York in 1865 but was defeated by fellow Gettysburg General Francis C. Barlow. He was elected as a Democrat to the 41st and 42nd Congresses (4 March 1869 – 3 March 1873). Slocum took an active interest in military and veterans’ affairs. He worked in Congress for the exoneration of Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter who was court-martialed after the Second Battle of Bull Run. Slocum gave a strong speech on Porter’s behalf in Congress on 18 January 1884.
He was appointed Commissioner of the department of city works of Brooklyn, New York in 1876. He was again elected in 1882 as a representative-at-large to the 48th Congress. He remained friends with Sherman until Sherman’s death and both he and Howard planned Sherman’s funeral and were pall bearers along with old foe Joseph E. Johnston. Henry Slocum died on 14 April 1894 in Brooklyn, New York.
Major General John Sedgwick - 1st U.S. Cavalry - KIA - CDV
Item #: 15531
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A nice image of Major General John Sedgwick, one of the most beloved soldiers in the Army of the Potomac. He graduated West Point in 1837 and served against the Seminoes and Cherokee Indians. He served under both Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott in the Mexican War and won brevets of captain and major. He was major of the 1st U.S. Cavalry and was promoted colonel on the defection to the Confederacy of R.E. Lee and William J. Hardee. He was commisioned brigadier general on August 31, 1861. He fought on the Peninsula until he was wounded at Frayser's Farm in June 1862. He was promoted major general in July 1862. He was wounded three times at Sharpsburg and was carried from the field. After his recovery he commanded the VI corps. He commanded at Chancellorsville,Gettysburg, and the Wilderness. At Spottsylvania he exposed himself to enemy fire and his aides cautioned him. His reply, "they couldn't hit an elephant at this distance," was soon followed by the whistle and thump of a sharpshooters bullet which struck him below the left eye and killed him almost instantly.
This great image of General Sedgwick has him seated wearing his major general's uniform. The backmark on this image is "E.&H.T. Anthony, New York". There is a a very small piece of the image missing in the upper right corner.
A neat CDV of General George H. Thomas is offered. This image is a waist up view with Thomas holding his hat. He is wearing his Major General uniform. The back mark was origionally Brady's but has a paper slip with "Specialite. Selby & McCauley, Photograph Albumn & Carte de Visite Depot, No. 36 West Baltimore Street.".
George Henry Thomas (1816-1870)
Unlike his fellow Virginian Robert E. Lee, George Thomas remained loyal to the Union. During Nat Turner's bloody slave revolt, Thomas had led his family to safety and subsequently attended West Point (1840). A veteran of the Seminole and Mexican wars and an artillery and cavalry instructor at the academy, he was a major in the 2nd, soon to be the 5th Cavalry at the time of the secession crisis. His war assignments included: lieutenant colonel, 2nd Cavalry (April 25, 1861); colonel, 2nd Cavalry (May 3, 1861); commanding 1st Brigade, in the 1st Division, Department of Pennsylvania (June-July 25,1861), in the Department of the Shenandoah July 25-August 17, 1861), and in Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac (August 17-28, 1861); brigadier general, USV (August 3,1861); commanding Camp Dick Robinson, Ken., Department of the Ohio (October-December 2, 1861); commanding lst Division, Army of the Ohio (December 2, 1861 - April 30,1862 and June 10 - September 29,1862); major general, USV (April 25,1862); commanding Army of the Tennessee (April 30-June 10, 1862); second in command of the Army of the Ohio (September 29-October 24, 1862); commanding Centre, 14th Corps, Army of the Cumberland (November 5, 1862 - January 9, 1863); commanding the corps January 9 - October 28,1863); brigadier general, USA (October 27,1863); commanding the army (October 28, 1863 - September 26, 1864); commanding Department of the Cumberland (October 28, 1863 June 27, 1865); and major general, USA (December 15, 1864). After brief service in the East, Thomas was sent to Kentucky and commanded at Mill Springs. After arriving too late for the fighting at Shiloh, he commanded the Army of the Tennessee, replacing Grant who was shelved by being made second in command to Halleck. After participating in the slow drive on Corinth, Thomas returned to Kentucky and fought at Perryville and later at Stones River and in the Tullahoma Campaign. At Chickamauga, after most of the army had fled the field, Thomas stubbornly held out on the second day at Snodgrass Hill, earning the nickname "The Rock of Chickamauga." After the defeat the army was besieged at Chattanooga, and Grant was promoted to overall command in the West and sent with reinforcements. He was given duplicate orders, one leaving General Rosecrans in command of the Army of the Cumberland and the other giving Thomas the post. Grant chose the latter although he resented Thomas for being replaced after Shiloh. Thomas' men broke through the Confederate lines at Missionary Ridge and later took part in the capture of Atlanta. With Hood's Army of Tennessee threatening Tennessee, in Sherman's rear, Thomas was detached with two corps to deal with him. This was effectively the end of the Army of the Cumberland. After being briefly besieged at Nashville, Thomas, who was about to be removed for being too slow, attacked and routed the rebels. For this, one of the most decisive battles of the war, Thomas became one of 13 officers to receive the Thanks of Congress. Hood's command was no longer a real threat to anyone. With most of his forces sent to other theaters of operations, Thomas remained in command in Tennessee until 1867, when he was assigned to command on the Pacific coast until his death in 1870. (McKinney, Francis F., Education in Violence: The Life ofGeorge H. Thomas and the History of the Army of theCumberland) Source: "Who Was Who In The Civil War" by Stewart Sifakis
A great image of the battle flags of the 44th New York Infantry - the Ellsworth Avengers. The flag staff is in front of the flag and you can clearly see the "44" in the middle of the flag. The 44th New York Infantry was one of Fox's 300 Fighting Regiments!
44th Infantry Regiment Civil War Ellsworth Avengers; People's Ellsworth Regiment
Mustered in: August 30, 1861 to September 24, 1861. Mustered out: October 11, 1864.
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912. This regiment, Col. Stephen W. Stryker, was recruited under the auspices of the Ellsworth Association of the State of New York. The original plan was to obtain from every ward and town of the State one man; this plan was not adhered to, but later more than one enlistment was allowed to each, and the counties of Albany and Erie furnished each two companies, and Herkimer county one company. The men reported individually at Albany, where the regiment was organized under orders from the State dated October 15, 1861. The companies were mustered in the service of the United States for three years, A, E, C, D and E August 30; F and G September 6; H and I September 15, and K September 24, 1861. September 20, 1862, Companies C and E were merged into the others, and replaced by new companies, recruited at Albany, October 21, 1862. New Company E was also known as the Normal School Company. In June, 1863, the three years' men of the 14th and 25th Infantries joined the regiment by transfer. September 23, 1864, the men not entitled to be mustered out with the regiment were formed into a battalion, and October 11, 1864, this battalion was transferred to the 140th Infantry (266 enlisted men), and the 146th Infantry (183 enlisted men). The regiment left the State October 21, 1861; served in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Potomac, from October 26, 1861; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 3d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1862, and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Freeman Conner, October 11, 1864, at Albany. During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 5 officers, 120 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 62 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 145 enlisted men; total, 8 officers, 327 enlisted men; aggregate, 335; of whom 15 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II. Forty-fourth Infantry.—Cols., Stephen W. Stryker, James C. Rice, Freeman Conner; Lieut.-Cols., James C. Rice, Edward P. Chapin, Freeman Conner, Edward B. Knox; Majs., Stephen W. Stryker, James McKown, Edward P. Chapin, Freeman Conner, Edward B. Knox, Campbell Allen. The 44th regiment, known as Ellsworth's Avengers, was organized at Albany under the auspices of the Ellsworth association of the State of New York, which planned to raise a memorial regiment to be composed of one man from each town and ward, unmarried, not over 30 years of age or under 5 feet, 8 inches in height, and of military experience. This plan was adhered to as far as possible and two companies from Albany county, two from Erie county, one from Herkimer county, and a large number of scattered squads reported at Albany in response to the request. These companies were mustered into the service of the United States at Albany in Aug. and Sept., 1861, for three years, and two new companies from Albany were mustered in Oct. 21, 1862. The regiment, numbering 1,061 men, left Albany on Oct. 21, 1861, for Washington and upon its arrival there was assigned to the 3d brigade, 1st division, later with the 5th corps. Camp was established on Oct. 28, at Hall's hill, Va., and the winter was passed there with routine duties. On March 10, 1862, the regiment led the advance to Centerville, but soon returned to Fairfax and proceeded thence to Yorktown, arriving on April 1. From May 5 to 19, the 44th garrisoned Fort Magruder; then moved to Games' mill; was engaged at Hanover Court House, with the loss of 86 killed, wounded and missing; participated in the Seven Days' battles with a total loss of 56 at Gaines' mill and 99 at Malvern Hill, out of 225 engaged in the last named battle. Returning to Alexandria, the regiment moved by way of Fortress Monroe to Manassas, and in the battle of Aug. 30 lost 71 killed, wounded or missing. It was in reserve at Antietam; was active at Shepherdstown, and Fredericksburg; shared in the hardships of Burnside's "Mud March," and returned to winter quarters at Stoneman's switch, near Falmouth. Camp was broken on April 27, 1863, for the Chancellorsville campaign, the 44th being in the lead during the general movement of the army and sharing in the fighting, after which it returned for a short rest to the camp at Stoneman's switch. In June, the veterans of the 14th and 25th N. Y. were added to the 44th. At Gettysburg the regiment was posted on the left of the line and joined in the defense of Little Round Top, where it met with its greatest loss—111 killed, wounded and missing. After spending some weeks in camp at Emmitsburg, the command was present at the battle of Bristoe Station, active at Rappahannock Station and in the Mine Run campaign, and went into winter quarters at Brandy Station. In Dec., 1863, a large number of the men reenlisted and rejoined the regiment in camp after their veteran furlough. May, 1864, was the month of the memorable Wilderness campaign, in which the regiment served faithfully, suffering most severely at the Wilderness and at Bethesda Church. By this time the regiment had become greatly reduced in numbers by hard service and the loss in this campaign, while not so large in numbers as in previous battles, was even greater in proportion to the number of men engaged. The regiment was active in the first assault on Petersburg in June, 1864, at the Weldon railroad, and at Poplar Spring Church. On Oct. 11 , 1864, the 44th was mustered out at Albany and the veterans and recruits were consolidated into a battalion, of which 266 men were transferred to the 140th and 183 to the 146th N. Y. The total strength of the regiment was 1,585, of whom 188 died during the term of service from wounds received in action, and 147 died from accident, imprisonment or disease. The total loss in killed, wounded and missing was 730. The men chosen for this command were of the flower of the state and displayed their heroism on many a desperately contested field, where they won laurels for themselves. and for their state. Col. Fox numbers the 44th among the "three hundred fighting regiments."
A veteran of the Mexican War, General John Hunt Morgan led the Lexington Rifles and joined General Simon Buckner's command when the Civil War started. From this point until his death three years later his exploits made him one of the legendary figures of the Confederacy. He was promoted colonel of th 2nd Kentucky Cavalry in April 1862 and brigadier general in December, 1862. His series of raids into Tennessee, Kentucky, Indian, and Ohio brought him the thanks of the Confederate congress. On his most famous raid through Ohio in 1863, he was captured. He escaped and was placed in command of the Department of the Southwestern Virginia. He bivouacked in Greeneville, Tennessee on the night of September 3, 1864, while in route to attack Federal forces in Knoxville. He was surprised by Union Cavalry and killed.
The image is a bust up image and has some fadding. The backmark is E.& H.T. Anthony, New York.
General Simon Bolivar Buckner was a Kentucky native who graduated West point in 1844. He earned two brevet promitins during the war with Mexico and resigned from the U.S. Regular Army in 1855 to pursue his private interests. At the outbreak of the war he was the adjutant general of the state of Kentucky. He accepted a commision in the Confederate Army in September 1861. He was left by Generals Floyd and Pillow to consumate the surrender of Fort Donelson. He was exchanged and led a division in Bragg's invasion of Kentucky and fought at Perryville. He moved to Mobile, Alabama to fortify it against the Union navy. He directed a corps at the battle of Chickamauga. After that he was promoted to Lieutenant General and he moved to the Trans-Mississippi. He was Kirby Smith's chief of staff.
The image is slightly faded and is attached to the back of the carte. The back of the image has a line around the edges and has "Buckner" written in pencil. General Buckner is seated and he is holding his sword.
Major General Peter J. Osterhaus, 12 Missouri Infantry, CDV
Item #: 14232
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A nice image of Major General Peter Joseph Osterhaus. General Osterhaus was born in Germany and after receiving a military education in Europe, found himself on the losing side in the revolutions that were sweeping Europe. He escaped to the United States in 1849 where he setteld in Belleville, Illinois. He ended up settled in St. Louis, Missouri and was involed in the German community there. Osterhaus entered his Civil War career as a major in a Missouri battalion mustered into federal service. After fighting at Wilson's Creek, he was made colonel of the 12th Missouri Infantry. He commanded a division of General Curtis's forces at the battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas. In June 1862 he was appointed Brigadier General and served under U.S. Grasnd and W.T. Sherman in the Vicksburg campaign where he was wounded at the Battle of the Big Black. At Chattanooga, Osterhaus served under Joseph Hooker and on the day of the assault upon Missionary Ridge performed magnificently as his command drove Braxton Bragg's men from the southern end of the ridge. During the Atlanta campaign he was promoted to Major General in June, 1864. He commanded in Logan's XV Corps under Sherman in the march through Georgia and the Carolina Campaign.
The image is more than a waist up image of General Osterhaus sitting. this photo is after June, 1864. He is wearing his Major General uniform. Written on the bottom of the photograph in pencil is "Osterhaus". An orage 2 cent revenue stamp is attached to the back of the image.
Surgeon Henry Boynton - 7 New Hampshire Infantry - CDV
Item #: RX19046
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A nice image of Surgeon Henry Boynton of the 7th New Hampshire Infantry. Boynton was commisioned in December 1861. He fought with the 7th New Hampshire until January 24, 1864 when he resigned due to ill health. The backmark on the image is "Stephen Piper, Photographer Manchester, N.H.". Written in period pencil on the back is "Dr. Boynton - 1861".
7th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment
The 7th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment lost 10 officers and 177 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 228 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.
Organized at Keene
Left State for Washington, D.C.
Expedition to Hatteras Inlet, N. C., and duty there attached to Williams' 4th Brigade, North Carolina Expedition
Moved to Roanoke Island
Expedition to Elizabeth City. Attached to Hawkins' Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina
Colonel Charles J. Powers - 108 New York Infantry - Bvt. Brig. General - CDV
Item #: RX19011
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Agreat image of Colonel Charles J. Powers of the 108th New York Infantry. Powers was promoted to Brevet Brigadier General on March 13, 1865 for gallant & meritorius service. He was wounded on May 6, 1864 at the WIlderness. His photograph is shown in Roger Hunt's "Brevet Brigadier Generals In Blue" on page 489. The image has a "Powelson Photographer - 58 State St. - Rochester & 230 Main St. - Buffalo, N.Y." backmark.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II. One Hundred and Eighth Infantry.—Cols., Oliver H. Palmer, Charles J. Powers; Lieut.-Cols., Charles J. Powers, Francis E. Pierce; Majs., George B. Force, Francis E. Pierce, Harmon S. Hogaboom, William H. Andrews. The 108th regiment was recruited and organized at Rochester, where it was mustered into the U. S. service for three years, Aug. 16-18, 1862. It left the state the following day, and served in the defenses of Washington, until Sept. 6, when it was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 3d division (French's), 2nd corps, and engaged in its first battle at Antietam. The new regiment suffered a loss in the battle of 30 killed, 122 wounded and 43 missing. Its next battle was at Fredericksburg, where Gen. Couch commanded the corps, and the regiment again suffered severely, losing 92 in killed, wounded and missing. Its loss at Chancellorsville was 52, Gen. Hancock being in command of the corps and Gen. Alex. Hays the division. At Gettysburg, where the regiment again met with a severe loss on the second and third days, its casualties amounted to 102 killed and wounded. In October it was engaged with some loss at Auburn and Bristoe Station, a 2nd corps affair; was active during the Mine Run campaign at the close of the year, and at the battle of Morton's ford in Feb., 1864. On the reorganization of the Army of the Potomac in March, 1864, the 3d division was consolidated with the 1st and and, the 108th being assigned to the 3d brigade, 2nd division, 2nd corps, with which it crossed the Rapidan and engaged in the Wilderness campaign. It lost 52 at the battle of the Wilderness, 53 at Spottsylvania, suffered constant losses in the subsequent battles leading up to Petersburg, and in the battles at the Weldon railroad, Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains, Reams' station, Boyd-ton plank road, Hatcher's run, the final assault on Petersburg, and fought its last battle at Farmville, two days before Lee's surrender. It was mustered out under Col. Powers, May 28, 1865, at Bailey's cross-roads, Va., and the men not then entitled to discharge were transferred to the 59th N. Y. Maj. Force was killed at Antietam, and both Col. Palmer and Col. Powers were promot-ted to the rank of brevet brigadier-general for faithful and meritorious services. The regiment lost during service 9 officers and 106 men killed and mortally wounded; 90 men died of disease and other causes, a total of 205. Among the many brilliant achievements of the regiment, it is related that in the fight at Morton's ford the 108th advanced rapidly and without firing a shot to a stone wall occupied by the enemy, when they delivered a volley and with shouts leaped over the wall and were soon in possession of an important position which virtually decided the contest.
After graduating in 1847 from West Point, Hill fought in Mexico and against the Seminoles. He resigned U.S. service in May 1861 and Entered Confederate service as Colonel of the 13th Virginia Infantry. He was appointed brigadier general in February 1862 and major general in May 1862. Hill was promoted lieuteneat general in May 1863. He was killed April 2, 1865 at Petersburg. The image has been rounded at the top and has an Anthony backmark.
Ambrose Powell Hill (1825-1865)
Known for his red battle shirt and his hard-hitting attacks at the head of the famed Light Division, Ambrose P. Hill proved to be an example of the Peter principle. A West Pointer (1847) and veteran artilleryman, he resigned as a first lieutenant on March 1, 1861, and joined the South, where his services included: colonel, 13th Virginia (spring 1861); brigadier general, CSA (February 26, 1862); commanding brigade, Longstreet's Division, Department of Northern Virginia (ca. February 26 - May 27, 1862); major general, CSA (May 26, 1862); commanding Light Division (in lst Corps from June 29 and 2nd Corps from July 27, 1862), Army of Northern Virginia (May 27, 1862 - May 2, 1863); commanding 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (May 2 and 6-30, 1863); lieutenant general, CSA (May 24, 1863); and commanding 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (May 30, 1863-May 7, 1864 and May 21, 1864-April 2, 1865). In reserve at lst Bull Run, he fought at Yorktown and Williamsburg before being given command of a division. On the day he assumed command he directed the fight at Hanover Court House. He then took part in the Seven Days, distinguishing himself. After fighting at Cedar Mountain, 2nd Bull Run, and the capture of Harpers Ferry, he launched powerful counterattacks at the right moment at both Antietam and Fredericksburg. At Chancellorsville he was on Jackson's famed march around the Union right flank. When Jackson was wounded, Hill took command of the corps but was wounded carrying out his chief's orders to "press right in." At the end of the month he was given command of the new 3rd Corps, which he led to Gettysburg where, suffering from a now unidentifiable illness, he put in a lackluster performance. He was responsible for the disaster at Bristoe Station that fall and, again ill, was virtually circumvented at the Wilderness when Lee in effect took over command of the corps. He relinquished command temporarily after the battle and missed Spotsylvania but returned for the North Anna and Cold Harbor. Taking part in the siege of Petersburg, he was again ill during part of the winter of 186465. With the lines around the city collapsing on April 2, 1865, he was shot and killed in an encounter with a stray group of federal soldiers. Interestingly enough, both Stonewall Jackson and Lee called for Hill and his division in their dying delirium. It must have been the old Hill they were recalling. (Hassler, William W., A.P. Hill: Lee's Forgotten General and Schenck, Martin, Up Came Hill.- The Story of the Light Division andof its Leaders) Source: "Who Was Who In The Civil War" by Stewart Sifakis
A nice bust image of General Jubal A. Early. A 1837 graduate of West Point, he fought in the Mexican War as a major of the Virginia volunteers. He entered Confederate service as a Colonel of the 24th Virginia Infantry. He was promoted to brigadier general after 1st Manassas, and major general in 1863. He became a lieutenant general in 1864. He fought most of his Confederate career in the Army of Northern Virginia. In 1864 he fought in the valley and put pressure on Washington, DC. The image has an "E. &H.T. Anthony" backmark. The image has been trimmed on the lower part of the CDV.
Jubal Early was born in Franklin County, Virginia on November 3, 1816,the third child of ten. When he was sixteen his mother died and the following year he received an appointment as a cadet to West Point. In 1837, he graduated 18th out of a class of 50. After serving in the army in the Seminole Wars in Florida, Early returned to Virginia where he studied law. After becoming a lawyer in 1840, he served in the Virginia Legislature during the 1841 and 1842 sessions. Though he lost reelection the following year, he received an appointment as prosecuting attorney, which he held until 1851. In 1844, Early mustered back into the army as a major. During the United States' war with Mexico, Early performed garrison duties, including a two month stint as military governor in Monterrey, Mexico. In April 1848, he once again was mustered out of service and returned home to continue his law practice.
Always an irascible officer, Jubal A. Early suffered overwhelming defeats in the Shenandoah Valley and went on after the conflict to wage a literary war with a fellow Confederate corps commander. A West Pointer (1837) from Virginia, Early had served one year in the artillery, and later in the Mexican War as a major of volunteers,before taking up law. Also involved in politics, he served in the legislature.
Although he voted against secession at the convention, he entered the military where his assignments included: colonel, 24th Virginia (early 1861); commanding 6th Brigade (in 1st Corps from July 20), Army of the Potomac June 20-October 22, 1861); brigadier general, CSA July 21, 1861);commanding brigade, Van Dorn's-D.H. Hill's Division (in Potomac District until March), Department of Northern Virginia (October 22, 1861-May 5, 1862); commanding Eizey's Brigade, Ewell's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia Uuly 1-September 17, 1862); commanding the division (September 17, 1862-November 1863; ca. December 4-15, 1863; February-May 7; and May 21-27, 1864); major general, CSA (April 2 3 to rank from January 17, 1863); commanding the corps (November-ca. December 4, 1863 and May 27-June 13, 1864); commanding Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia (December 15, 1863 February 1864 and June 13, 1864-March 29, 1865); commanding 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (May 7-21, 1864); and lieutenant general, CSA (May 31, 1864).
A couple of weeks later this command was sent back to the Valley and Early invaded Maryland, fighting at Monocacy and on the outskirts of Washington. Falling back to Virginia, he dispatched part off his cavalry to burn Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in retaliation for Union devastation. In September and October he was defeated in a series of disasters at the hands of Sheridan. The reverses at 3rd Winchester, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek ended his power in the Valley and the old 2nd Corps and was recalled to Lee in December.
However, Early remained with a small force that was destroyed at Waynesborough the following March. Lee then removed him, explaining that he was forced to by public reaction and the fact that he could not defend his subordinate without revealing how weak the Confederacy was. Early fled to Mexico but soon returned to practice law. He was connected with the Louisiana Lottery and was president of the Southern Historical Society. Becoming a defender of Lee, he feuded with Republican convert James Longstreet until his death.
Jonanthan R. Cleveland, Palmetto Sharpshooters & 4th SC Infantry Tintype
Item #: 13117
Click image to enlarge
Atintype of a hard to find member of the Palmetto Sharpshooters and the 4th South Carolina Infnatry. The image is of Jonathan R. Cleveland. Cleveland served in COmpany L of the Palmetto Sharpshooters. Cleveland served in the 4th South Carolina Infantry until selected to serve in the Palmetto Sharpshooters. Cleveland is on the list of members of the Palmetto Shrpshooters present at the Appomattox surrender. The image has flaked on the upper right side but does not affect the soldier's image. The tintype is surrounded by a CDV size holded. Written on the back of the image in period pencil is "Jonathan R. Cleveland". Also written in pencil on the back of the image is information I have found about Cleveland.
A nice image of a seated Confederate officer. The officer is wearing a shell jacket with two stripes on the collar. The backmark is "Lee Gallery 1869, 920 Main Street, Richmond, Va.". The image is clearly a post war image made from a ambrotype a few years after the war. A nice Confederate image!