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Capt. Otis Baker, 10 Mississippi Infantry CDV

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A full standing armed view of Captain Otis Baker of the 10th Mississippi Infantry. †The image shows a 7/8s view of a standing Baker in his †captain's coat and armed with a presentation type sword. †Unfortunately the photographic artist colored the belt buckle. †The back mark on the image is "Gurney's Photograph and Fine Art Gallery, Natchez.".


Unidentified Confederate 1st Lieutenant CDV with Petersburg, VA Backmark

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A nice bust photograph of a Confederate 1st Lieutenant. †The image has a "J.R. Rockwell, Photographic Artist, No. 13 1/2 Sycamore St., Petersburg, VA." backmark. †


Major General Robert F. Hoke CDV

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A hard to find image of Major General Robert F. Hoke. †Robert F. Hoke was born in Lincolnton, North Carolina on May 27, 1837. His father, a lawyer, businessman, and aspiring politician, died when young Robert was seven years old. He first attended Lincolnton Academy, and in 1854 he graduated from the Kentucky Military Institute. He returned home and took over management of a number of the family's businesses, including a cotton mill and an iron works.

When North Carolina seceded, Hoke enlisted in Company K, 1st North Carolina Infantry and was commissioned second lieutenant. Shortly thereafter, he was promoted to captain and, eventually, major. In January 1862, he was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 33rd North Carolina and was cited for gallantry at the Battle of New Bern in March. Following the battle, he was promoted to colonel and commanded the 33rd at the Second Battle of Manassas and the Battle of Antietam.

Following the Maryland Campaign, Hoke was assigned to command the 21st Virginia, and he subsequently commanded a brigade at the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862. He was promoted to brigadier general on January 17, 1863, but was severely wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville in May and was sent home to recuperate.

Hoke resumed command in January 1864 and found himself back in North Carolina. After a failed attempt to recapture New Bern in late January and early February, Hoke led a successful attack on the Union garrison at Plymouth, North Carolina on April 17, capturing over 2,000 Federal troops. He was promoted to major general only a few days later and was given command of an army division. He served with distinction at the Battle of Cold Harbor in June 1864.

By the end of 1864, Hoke found himself back in his home state. During the Second Battle of Fort Fisher (January 13-15, 1865), Hoke's men formed a defensive line to the rear of the attacking Federal forces and awaited orders from Gen. Braxton Bragg to attack. Those orders never came, and Fort Fisher fell. Hoke's troops were involved in the defense of the Cape Fear region in January and February 1865, but evacuated Wilmington on orders from General Bragg. Hoke's Division moved to Lenoir County and fought in the Battle of Wyse Fork (March 8-10, 1865) in an effort to check Federal forces under Gen. Jacob D. Cox, who were marching west from New Bern to unite with Gen. William T. Sherman. After evacuating Kinston, Hoke's men retreated to the west and joined with Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's forces from the Army of Tennessee. The whole army was engaged at the largest land battle fought in North Carolina, the Battle of Bentonville (March 19-21, 1865). Hoke stayed with Johnston's army until its surrender in late April at the Bennett farm near Durham.

Hoke was paroled on May 1, 1865 and received a pardon from the Federal government on June 14. He returned to his home and his business interests after the war. He was involved in insurance, gold mining, and owned several iron mines. He also owned a resort and a bottled water company. On January 7, 1869, he married Lydia Van Wyck, who was from a powerful New York City political family. The couple had six children. Hoke died on July 3, 1912 and was buried in Raleigh. Before his death, Hoke County was named in his honor.

There is no back mark on the image. †The image has been trimmed and part of the card is missing some of the trim.


Lt. Colonel Edward F.W. Ellis - 15 Illinois Infantry - KIA Shiloh - CDV

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hard to find KIA image of a hard to find fighting regiment!† This image is of Lieutenant Colonel Edward F.W. Ellis of the 15th Illinois Infantry.† Ellis enlisted as Lt. Colonel of the 15th Illinois Infantry in May 1861.† He was killed at the Hornet's Nest on April 6, 1862 at the battle of Shiloh, Tennessee.† Written on the back of the image in period ink is "Compliments of Mrs. E.F.W. Ellis to Moses† S. Barlow".† Barlow was in Company K, 15th Illinois Infantry.† Obviously Barlos and Mrs. Ellis had correspondence after Lt. Colonel Ellis died and she presented this image to Barlow.†
15th Illinois Infantry
The Regiment was organized at Freeport, Illinois, and mustered into the United States service on the 24th day of May 1861, being one of the first regiments from the State sworn into the United States service, for the three years service. After electing officers, organizing and drilling for some time, the Regiment proceeded to Alton, Illinois, remaining there six weeks for instruction.
In July the Regiment left Alton by steamboat for St. Charles, Missouri, thence by rail to Mexico, Missouri, where it remained for a time in company with the Twenty-first Illinois Infantry, commanded by Colonel U.S. Grant. A part of the Regiment marched from Mexico to Fulton, and thence to the Missouri river, and thence by steamer to Jefferson Barracks; the other part of the Regiment marched to Hannibal, Mo., and thence by steamer to Jefferson Barracks. The Regiment then moved by rail to Rolla, Mo., where it arrived in time to cover General Sigel's retreat from Wilson's Creek. After building one or two forts, the Regiment was ordered to Tipton, Mo., and thence became attached to General Fremont's army, and marched under General Hunter to Springfield, Mo.; after remaining there a short time, the Regiment returned to Tipton, then went to Sedalia. It assisted in the capture of 1,300 rebels a few miles from the latter place. The Regiment then marched to Otterville, Mo., and went into winter quarters December 26, 1861. The winter was cold and the snow deep, and the first winter's experience in tents was a severe one.

February 1, 1862, the regiment marched to Jefferson City, thence by rail to St. Louis, where it embarked on transports for Fort Donelson, and arrived to take part in the surrender. The Regiment was then assigned to General S. A. Hurlbut's "Fighting Fourth Division", and marched to Fort Henry, then went by boat to Pittsburg Landing, being one of the first regiments that landed on that historic battle ground. At the battle of Shiloh, on the 6th of April, the Regiment was in the first line of battle, formed by Hurlbut's Division, and was in the Brigade commanded by General C. Veatch. Hardly had the Brigade taken positions when a Confederate column, massed three lines deep, deployed from the woods on the left and front, and with rebel yell that echoed through the surrounding forest, charged on in double quick. The Fifteenth was flanked by the Fifty-third Ohio, on the right. At the first fire of the enemy the Buckeyes broke and ran, and the enemy were not only in front of the Fifteenth Regiment, but on both flanks in a very short time. For more than one hour the Regiment held its position, and fought as gallantly as any troops could fight in the terrible struggle, called by the Confederates the "Hornet's Nest", and disputed inch by inch the advance and the incessant attacks of the best troops in the Confederate service. Owing to the want of support, the Regiment was compelled to withdraw and take up a new position. In five minutes after the Regiment formed its first line, the field officers, Lieutenant Colonel E. F. W. Ellis and Major Wm. R. Goddard, Captains Holden Brownell and Harley Wayne, and Lieutenant John W. Peterbaugh were killed, and Captain Adam Nase lost a leg and was taken prisoner. Captain Thos. J. Turner was absent, and the command of the Regiment devolved upon Captains L. D. Kelley and George C. Rogers, assisted by Adjutant Charles F. Barber. As soon as a new line was formed the Fourteenth Illinois on the left of the Fifteenth, when the enemy had approached sufficiently near, these two Regiments, acting as one man, rose and delivered a rapid, well aimed and awfully destructive fire, full into the massed ranks of the enemy. The enemy was soon convinced this was not the way to the landing. At the second attack these two Regiments received the first shock, and for three hours were in that awful gap, without giving ground, where the Confederates sacrificed more than two thousand as brave men as ever trod the battle-field, in the unavailing effort to drive them from their position. This baptism of blood cemented the two Regiments, and they were always afterwards brigaded and served together during the remainder of the war, and discharged at the same time and place. The Fifteenth was in the hottest of the fight both days of the bloody battle, and not a man faltered in his duty or failed to perform all that was required of him. The two Regiments that were in the final charge on the 7th, led by General Grant in person, were the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Illinois, the Fourteenth commanded by Colonel Hall, and the Fifteenth by Captain George C. Rogers. This detachment moved forward, and when within range delivered their fire, and with fixed bayonets charged at double quick. The raking fire, however, had done its work. The Confederate army had fled. The Fifteenth Regiment lost in this engagement 250 men, killed and wounded, and there are more of the "known dead" of this Regiment buried in the National Cemetery at Pittsburg Landing, than of any other Regiment, and many died of wounds in hospitals at home.

Captain George C. Rogers was promoted Lieutenant Colonel by Governor Yates for meritorious conduct on the battle-field of Shiloh, and took command of the Regiment. The Regiment participated in the siege of Corinth, Miss., losing a number of men killed and wounded.

After the evacuation of Corinth the Regiment marched to Grand Junction, thence to Holly Springs, then back to Grand Junction, thence to Lagrange, thence to Memphis, arriving there July 21st, 1862, where it remained till September 6th. After recruiting, drilling, procuring new uniforms and "seeing the sights", the Regiment marched to Boliver, Tenn., and from there the 4th Division was ordered by General Grant to "relieve Rosecrans at Corinth or perish". At the Hatchie river on the morning of October 4th, 1862, the division met the enemy on Matamora Hill; the 15th Regiment was on the extreme left and forced the enemy from their position, and in connection with other troops, charged the enemy, routing and scattering their formation in the wildest confusion, and driving them to the river bank, the 15th capturing one four-gun battery and about three hundred men at this point; many jumped into the river and were drowned. The 15th charged across the Hatchie bridge on a run, and formed the first line on the left of the road; the 14th formed on the right of the 15th. The two regiments charged the enemy in the timber, driving them from their strong position, capturing another battery crowning the crest of the hill, and soon the enemy was in full flight, looking for a new place to retreat across the Hatchie. Torn and bleeding, the 15th laid on the ground that night, covered with new and everlasting honors. The 15th was commanded on that day by Lieutenant Colonel G.C. Rogers, and lost over fifty men in killed and wounded. The Regiment then returned to Bolivar, from thence to Lagrange, thence with General Grant down through Mississippi to Coffeeville, returning to Lagrange and Memphis; thence to Vicksburg, taking an active part in all the movements during the siege of that place, losing many in killed and wounded. After the surrender of Vicksburg, marched with Sherman to Jackson, Miss., then returned to Vicksburg and embarked on a boat for Natchez, marched thence to Kingston, returned to Natchez, then to Harrisonburg, La., capturing Fort Beauregard on the Wachita river; returned to Natchez, remained there until November 10th, 1863, then proceeded by boat to Vicksburg, and went into winter quarters. Here the Regiment re-enlisted as veterans, remaining until February 1st, 1864, when it moved with General Sherman through Mississippi. On Champion Hills had a severe engagement with a body of rebels, charged them several times during the day, and each time drove them from their positions. Marched to Meridian and Enterprise and assisted in destroying about fifty miles of railroad; thence back to Vicksburg.

In March 1864, went home on Veteran furlough. On expiration of furlough joined Seventeenth Army Corps, and proceeded up Tennessee river to Clifton, thence to Huntsville, Ala.; thence to Decatur and Rome, Ga., thence to Kingston, and joined General Shermanís army, moving on Atlanta. At Allatoona Pass the 15th Regiment was, with the other regiments belonging to the 2d Brigade, 4th Division, 17th Corps, commanded by Colonel Geo. C. Rogers, ordered to fortify that place. The forts at Allatoona, where General Corse, with 2,100 men, defeated Hoodís whole army, were built by this brigade. Here the 15th and 14th Infantry were consolidated, and the gallant and brave McPherson knowing the honorable record of these regiments, and that neither might lose its identity, acceded to the request of Colonel Rogers, and had the organization made and known as "The Veteran Battalion Fourteenth and Fifteenth Infantry Volunteers". The organization numbers 625 men. The organization was stationed at Ackworth, Big Shanty and Marietta for some time. The rebel General Hood struck the organization at Big Shanty and Ackworth, when he moved north, capturing quite a number of the command. The remainder fell back, some to Allatoona, and fought under Gen. Corse, where many were killed and wounded; the balance fell back to Marietta, and were mounted and acted as scouts for General Vandever. They were afterwards transferred to General F.P. Blair, and marched with General Sherman to the sea.

After the capture of Savannah, the Regiment proceed to Beaufort, S.C.; thence to Salkahatchie river, participating in the various skirmishes in that vicinity-Columbia, S.C., Fayetteville, N.C., battle of Bentonville-losing a number wounded; thence to Goldsboro and Raleigh. At Raleigh recruits sufficient to fill up both regiments were received, and the organization of the Veteran Battalion discontinued, and the Fifteenth reorganized. The campaign of General Sherman ended by the surrender of General Johnston. The Regiment then marched with the army to Washington,

D.C., via Richmond and Fredericksburg, and participated in the grand review at Washington, May 24th, 1865; remained there two weeks. Proceeded by rail and steamboat to Louisville, Ky.; remained at Louisville two weeks. The regiment was then detached from the 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, and proceeded by steamer to St. Louis; from thence to Fort Leavenworth, Kas., arriving there July 1st, 1865. Joined the army serving on the plains. Arrived at Fort Kearney August 14th; then ordered to return to Fort Leavenworth, September 1st, 1865, where the Regiment was mustered out of service and placed en-route for Springfield, Ill., for final payment and discharge-having served four years and four months.
Number of miles marched			4,299
Number of miles by rail 		2,403
Number of miles by steamer 		4,310
Number of men joined from organization	1,963
Number of men at date of muster-out 	  640

Histories of Illinois Civil War Regiments and Units


Captain Edwin Lyon - 134 & 13 Pennsylvania Infantry & 21 VRC - WIA _ CDV

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A nice signed image of Captain Edwin Lyon.† Lyon mustered into the 13th Pennsylvania Infantry in April 1861.† He served with this 90 day regiment and mustered out in August 1861.† In August 1862 he was commisioned Captain of Company K, 134th Pennsylvania Infantry.† He was wounded December 13, 1862 at Fredericksburg.† A musket ball passed through his lung.† He was discharged in March 1863.† In May 1864 he was made 1st Lieutenant of the 21st Veteran Reserve Corp, and was still with the 21st VRC as of November 1865.This image is of Lyon as a lieutenant in the 21st VRC.† He signed the image in period ink on the bottom of the image and has "? Lt 21 VRC" written on the bottom of the image.† The backmark is "Good & Stokes, Photographers, No. 27 East State and 36 Green Street, Trenton, N.J.".

134th Regiment

Pennsylvania Volunteers

This regiment was recruited in compliance with a call for troops to serve, for nine months, issued by Governor Curtin, in July, 1862. Companies were recruited as follows:
  • Company A - Lawrence County
  • Company B - Lawrence County
  • Company C - Butler County
  • Company D - Lawrence County
  • Company E - Beaver County
  • Company F - Butler County
  • Company G - Butler County
  • Company H - Lawrence County
  • Company I - Beaver County
  • Company K - Butler County
The companies rendezvoused at Camp Curtin, where they were mustered into service, and armed and equipped for duty.

The advance of the enemy towards Washington, in the second Bull Run campaign, created consternation at the seat of government, and loud calls for troops were made. This regiment was consequently ordered away before its organization was completed, and departed for Washington on the 20th of August, under command of Captain James M'Cune. On the day following its arrival at the Capital, it was sent to Arlington Heights, where it was attached to a provisional corps, commanded by General Casey.

While here the regimental organization was completed, with the following field officers, their commissions bearing date of August 20th:

Matthew S. Quay, of Beaver county, Colonel Edward O'Brien, of Lawrence county, Lieutenlat Colonel John M. Thompson, of Butler county, Major.
With the exception of a, small number who had served in the Mexican War, and in the three months' service, officers and men were without military experience. While at Arlington Heights, the regiment was engaged in drill and fatigue duty, and was brigaded with the Ninety-first, One Hundred and Twenty-sixth, and One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania regiments, the brigade commanded by General E. B. Tyler.

On the 30th the regiment marched out towards the Bull Run battleground, but did not arrive in time to participate in the fight, and upon its return was put into the defenses. On the 13th of September it moved from camp, and proceeding to Washington, started on the following day towards South Mountain, in Maryland, where the enemy had made his appearance.

At the Monocacy the command halted, and remained until the evening of the 17th, when it was put upon the march, and on the, morning of the 18th, after a fatiguing night march, arrived on the battle-field of Antietam. But the fighting had now substantially ended, though a renewal of the contest was momentarily expected, the men standing to arms the whole day. During, the succeeding night, the enemy withdrew into Virginia. Until the 30th of October, the regiment lay in camp near the battle-field, where it was engaged in a drill.

While here, Colonel Quay was stricken down with typhoid fever, and the command devolved on Lieutenant Colonel O'Brien. Upon the return of the army into Virginia, the regiment moved by easy marches until it reached the neighborhood of Fredericksburg, where, on the 22d of November, it went into camp.

Early in December, Colonel Quay returned to duty, but so much reduced by disease that he soon after resigned, and Lieutenant Colonel O'Brien was commissioned Colonel, Major Thompson, Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain William H. Shaw, Major.

Battle of Fredericksburg

The movement of the brigade for the battle of Fredericksburg commenced on the 12th, the battle opening on the 13th. Humphreys' Division of the Fifth Corps, to which Tyler's Brigade belonged, was held in reserve on the north bank of the Rappahannock, until near the middle of the afternoon, when it was ordered across, and advanced to the onset. In the formation of the brigade for storming the heights, in the last grand struggle of the day, the One Hundred and Thirty-fourth had the post of honor in the brigade, the right of the first line.
"As soon as the formation was complete," says General Tyler in his official report, "' the order to sound the charge was given, the caution having been previously communicated to the command not to fire a gun until orders were received from me. The brigade moved forward in as good order as the muddy condition of the ground on the left of my line would admit, until we came upon a body of officers and men lying flat upon the ground, in front of the brick house, and along the slight elevation on its right and left. Upon our approach, these officers commanded 'Halt!' flourishing their swords as they lay, while a number of their men endeavored to intimidate our troops, crying out that they would be slaughtered, and the like. An effort was made to get them out of the way, but failed, and we marched over them, and when we were within a very short distance of the enemy's line, a fire was opened on our rear, which wounded a few of our most valuable officers, and, I regret to say, killed some of our men. Instantly the cry ran along the line that we were being fired into from the rear. The command halted, receiving at the same time a terrible fire from the enemy. Orders for the moment were forgotten, and a fire from our whole line was immediately returned. Another cry passed along the line, that we were being fired upon from the rear, when our men, after giving the enemy several volleys, fell back."

In speaking of the conduct of Colonel 0'Brien in this charge, General Humphreys, who commanded the division, said: "Under my own eye he rode in front of his regiment, and literally led it in the last charge on the stone-wall, at Fredericksburg, just before dark on December 13th."

In the brief space in which the regiment was in the conflict, it lost fourteen killed, one hundred and six wounded, and nineteen missing, many of the latter known to be wounded. Lieutenants Hugh Barnes, and Zarah C. Quillen, were among the killed, and Adjutant Alfred G. Beed, mortally wounded. Captains Lyon, Breckenridge, Hague, and M'Cready, and Lieutenants St. Clair, White, Brown, and Millinger, were among the wounded. Major Thompson had his horse shot under him, and was himself wounded. Colonel Quay, though in a feeble state of health, unwilling that the regiment should go into battle without him, volunteered as an aide on the staff of General Tyler, and served throughout the battle. General Tyler bears this testimony of his services in his official report:
"Colonel M. S. Quay, late of the One Hundred and Thirty-fourth, was upon my staff as volunteer aid-de-camp, and to him I am greatly indebted. Notwithstanding his enfeebled health, he was in the saddle early and late, ever prompt and efficient, and especially so during the engagement."
During the day of the 14th, the regiment lay in the streets of Fredericksburg, with considerable skirmishing and artillery firing, but no general movement. At midnight of the 15th, it re-crossed the river and returned to camp.

Unwilling to rest content with defeat, General Burnside inaugurated a new campaign on the 20th of January, which was ingloriously cut short by inclenment weather, and the sudden deepening of the mud, rendering the movement of artillery and trains next to impossible.

The advent of General Hooker to the head of the army, soon afterwards, marked a new era in discipline, by which the morale and health of the troops were vastly improved.

13th PA Regiment Organization, Service & Battles

    Organization
  • Organized at Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, and mustered in April 25, 1861.
  • Moved to York, Pa., April 26, and duty there till June 4.
  • Moved to Chambersburg June 4.
  • Attached to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, Patterson's Army.
    Service & Battles - 1861
  • Moved to Greencastle June 14,
  • thence advance on Williamsport June 15-16.
  • Goose Creek, Edward's Ferry, June 18.
  • At Williamsport till July 4.
  • Escort Rhode Island Battery to Martinsburg.
  • Moved to Bunker Hill July 16, and to Charlestown July 17.
  • To Harper's Ferry July 21.
  • Moved to Harrisburg, Pa., and mustered out August 6, 1861.

Captain Edward A. Chandler - 8 Massachusetts Infantry & 1 Massachusetts Heavy Artillery - CDV

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A great full standing, armed image of Captain Edward A. Chandler of the 8th Massachusetts Infantry and the 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery.† Chandler was commisioned 1st Lieutenant of Company F, 8th Massachusetts Infantry in April 1861.† He mustered out in August 1861.† He was commisioned Captain of the 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery in March 1862.† He was discharged in March 1865.† He was promoted to Bvt. Major on May 20, 1865.† The 8th massachusetts Infantry was one of the early war "Minute Men" units.
The image has Chandler in his full uniform with Hardee hat and holding a sword.† Written in period ink on the bottom of the CDv is "Capt. E.A. Chandler".† The backmark is "R.W. Addis, Photographer, 308 Penna Avenue, Washington, D.C.".†
1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery Regiment

Unit History

Organized as 14th Massachusetts Infantry July 5, 1861. Designation changed to 1st Heavy Artillery January 1, 1862. Attached to Wadsworth's Command, Military District of Washington, January to May, 1862. Whipple's Brigade, Military District of Washington, to December, 1862. Artillery, District of Alexandria, Defenses of Washington, to February, 1863. Artillery, District of Alexandria, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 1st Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Tyler's Heavy Artillery Division, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1865. Defenses of Washington, 22nd Army Corps, to August, 1865. (Cos. "B," "C," "H" and "I" attached to Defenses of Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, October, 1862, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. Maryland Brigade, French's Command, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. Unattached, Maryland Heights Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863.)

SERVICE.--Garrison duty in the Defenses of Washington at Forts Albany, Runyon, Scott, Richardson, Barnard, Craig and Tillinghast until August 23, 1862, Moved to Cloud's Mills August 23. March to Manassas. Va., August 26-30. Return to Washington and garrison Forts Albany, Craig, Tillinghast, Woodbury and DeKalb, Defenses South of the Potomac until May, 1864. (Cos. "H" and "I" detached September 27, 1862, and moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va. Co. "C" ordered to Harper's Ferry October 27, 1862. Co. "B" ordered to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., December 23, 1862; garrison duty there until July 1, 1863. Co. "I" moved to Winchester June 10, 1863, and participated in the Battle of Winchester June 13-15, and retreat to Harper's Ferry. Defense of Harper's Ferry June 16-July 1. Evacuation of Harper's Ferry and march to Frederick, Md, July 1-2. Duty with Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to July 11-22. Moved to Harper's Ferry July 22 and duty there until December 1, when ordered to Washington and rejoin Regiment.) Regiment moved to Join Army of the Potomac at Belle Plain, Va., May 15-16, 1864. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. Spottsylvania Court House May 19-21. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Peeble's Farm September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Expedition to Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Rain, February 5-7, 1865.Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Crow's House March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge, Farmville, April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Burkesville April 11-13 and duty there until May 2. March to Washington May 2-15. Camp at Bailey's Cross Roads until June 15. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Forts Ethan, Allen and Marcy until June 27. At Forts C. F. Smith and Strong until July 19. and at Fort Bunker Hill until August 17. Mustered out August 16, 1865, and discharged at Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor, August 25, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 232 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 241 Enlisted men by disease. Total 484
Eighth Regiment, Three Months

The 8th Regt. Mass. Vol. Mil., "Minute Men," was called to Boston by Special Order No. 14, issued on the afternoon of April 15, 1861, by the Adjutant General of Massachusetts. Having only eight companies, one company was added from the 7th Regt., a Salem unit, and one from Pittsfield, taken from the 1st Battalion of Infantry. Leaving the State April 18, it proceeded to Annapolis, Md., on its way to the national capital. At Annapolis two companies were placed on the frigate CONSTITUTION, guarding her until she was safely removed to the harbor of New York. Another company was detached to do guard duty at Fort McHenry near Baltimore, Md. The remainder of the regiment, after repairing the road-bed from Annapolis to Annapolis Junction and restoring the rolling stock of the railroad, proceeded to Washington, arriving April 26. Not until April 30 were the men mustered into the service of the United States. On May 11 the regiment was ordered into camp at the Relay House, Md. Here Col. Munroe resigned on account of age and ill health, and was succeeded by Col. Edward W. Hinks, an officer destined to attain high rank before the war was done. On July 2d the entire regiment was ordered to Baltimore, Md., the left wing arriving in the morning and the right wing in the evening of the following day. On July 29 it was ordered to Boston, Mass., and here on August 1, 1861, it was mustered out of the service.


Captain William E. Hacker - 3 Maryland Infantry - WIA - CDV

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A nice seated view of Captain William E. Hacker of the 3rd Maryland Infantry.† In this image, Hacker is seated with his overcoat and kepi on the table next to him.† You can clearly see the "3" in the infantry horn on his hat.† The backmark on the image is "Photographed by Claflin, 189 Main Street, Worcester."† Hacker was commisioned in May 1862 into Company A of the 3rd Maryland Infantry.† He was wounded September 17, 1862 at Antietam and was promoted to 1st Lieutenant in October, 1862 and Captain in February 1863.† Hacker died of disease on May 6, 1864.
3rd Maryland Infantry
SERVICE.--Duty at Baltimore, Md., until May 24, 1862. Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., May 24. Defense of Harper's Ferry May 28-30. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley until August. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Sulphur Springs August 24. Plains of Manassas August 28-29 (Reserve). Battle of Bull Run August 30 (Reserve). Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Duty at Bolivar Heights September 22 to December 10. Reconnaissance to Rippen, W. Va., November 9. Expedition to Winchester December 2-6. Moved to Fredericksburg December 10-14. At Stafford's Court House December 14, 1862, to April 27, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. At Raccoon Ford until September. Moved to Brandy Station, thence to Bealeton and to Stevenson, Ala., September 24-October 4. Guard duty on Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad until April, 1864. Veterans on furlough March and April. Old members participated in Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8, 1864. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Near Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. New Hope Church May 25. Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 26-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Mountain June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb's Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2. Regiment joined 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, April, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Nye River May 10; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on Salient May 12. Ox Ford May 21. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Grove Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Steadman, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. March to Farmville April 3-9. Moved to Petersburg and City Point April 20-24, thence to Alexandria April 26-28. Grand Review May 23. Duty in the Dept. of Washington until July. Mustered out July 31, 1865.

Captain George M. Woodward - 44 & 55 Massachusetts Infantry - CDV

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A great image from one of the officers of the 55th Massachusetts Infantry.††The 55th Regt. Mass. Vol. Inf. was the second military organization composed of men of African descent to be raised in Massachusetts.† Its nucleus was the men left over from the recruits of the 54th.
George Woodard mustered into the 44th Massachusetts Infantry in August 1862 as a private.† He mustered out in June, 1863 and was mustered into the 55th Massachusetts Infantry as a 1st Lieutenant.† He was promoted to Captain in July 1864.† On November 30, 1864 he was wounded at Honey Hill, South Carolina.† He mustered out on August 29, 1865 at Charleston, South Carolina.† Woodward was born in Worcestor, Massachusetts.† After the war, Woodward was a member of the George H, Ward Post #10, Worcestor, Massachusetts.† He died September 24, 1904.†
The image is of Woodward as a Captain.† Written under the photograph is "Yours Truly Geo. M. Woodward".† The backmark is "Claflin's 229 Photographic Gallery, Main Street, Worcestor, . . Mass.".

General John C. Bowen CDV

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A nice CDV of General John S. Bowen. Bowen was born in Savannah, Georgia and graduated from West Point. Before the war he was an architect in St. Louis, Missouri. He was appointed colonel of the 1st Missouri Infantry. He was promoted to brigadier general on March 14, 1862 and major general May 25, 1863. He was wounded at Shiloh and died after the surrender of Vicksburg on July 13, 1863. The backmark on this CDV is "Published by E. & H.T. Anthony, 501 Broadway, New York, from Photographic Negative in BRADY'S National Portrait Gallery". A period ink identification is on the back of the CDV.
Major-General John S. Bowen was born in Georgia in 1829. He was appointed to the United States military academy in 1848 and on graduation was promoted to brevet second-lieutenant, July 1, 1853. Being assigned to the Mounted Rifles, he served at the Carlisle cavalry school, and on the frontier, with promotion to second lieutenant on July 20, 1854. He resigned his commission on the 1st of May, 1856, and became an architect in Savannah, GA, continuing to gratify his military tastes as lieutenant-colonel of Georgia militia. He removed to St. Louis, Mo., in 1857, where he also followed the business of an architect. From 1859 to 1861 he was captain in the Missouri militia. He was adjutant to General Frost during his expedition to the Kansas border in search of Montgomery, a prominent character in the Kansas troubles. When the civil war began he commanded the Second regiment of Frost's brigade. He was acting chief-of-staff to Frost when Camp Jackson was captured by General Lyon. Going to Memphis, Tenn., and into the southeastern part of Missouri, he raised the First Missouri regiment of infantry, of which he was commissioned colonel on June 11, 1861. He was assigned to the army of General Polk at Columbus, Ky., and acted as brigade commander under that officer's command. When in the spring of 1862 Albert Sidney Johnston and Beauregard were concentrating their armies for an attack upon Grant, Bowen, who on March 14h had received his commission as brigadier-general, was assigned to the division of John C. Breckinridge. In the first day's battle at Shiloh he was wounded. General Beauregard, in his official report of the battle thus speaks: "Brig.Gens. B. R. Johnson and Bowen, most meritorious officers, were also severely wounded in the first combat, but it is hoped will soon be able to return to duty with their brigades." When in 1863 Grant crossed the Mississippi and landed at Bruinsburg, General Bowen, though fearfully outnumbered, threw himself in his path and with the utmost courage and determination, resisted his advance. After a patriotic sacrifice he was forced back upon the main army under Pemberton. On the 25th of May he was rewarded for his brave work at Port Gibson by the commission of major-general in the army of the Confederate States. He fought with distinction in the other battles outside of Vicksburg, and in all the fighting and suffering of the long siege he and his men had their full share. At the fall of the city he was paroled, and went to Raymond, Miss., where he died from sickness contracted during the siege, July 16, 1863.

Captain James F. Putnam - 8 Ohio Light Artillery - CDV

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A nice full standing image of Captain James F. Putnam of the 8th Ohio Light Artillery.† He mustered into the 8th Ohio Light Artillery in March 1862 and mustered out in August 1865.† During his Civil War career he was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant, 1st Lieutenant, and Captain.† The image has a backmark of "D.P. Barr, Army Photographer, Palace of Art, Vicksburg, Miss.".†
8th Independent Battery Light Artillery. Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, and mustered in March 11, 1862. Moved to Benton Barracks, Mo.; thence to Savannah, Tenn., March 22-28, 1862. Served Unattached, Army of the Tennessee, to April, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Army of the Tennessee, to April, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, District of Memphis, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, Sherman's Yazoo Expedition, to January, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to September, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to April, 1864. Maltby's Brigade, District of Vicksburg, to November, 1864. Artillery Reserve, District of Vicksburg, to August, 1865.
SERVICE.--Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7, 1862. Advance on and sieze of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. March to Memphis, Tenn., June 1-17, and duty there till November, 1862. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November-December. "Tallahatchie March" November 26-December 12. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 20, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26-28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-10, 1863. Assault on and capture of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, January 10-11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 17, and duty there till March. Expedition to Rolling Fork via Muddy, Steele's and Black Bayous and Deer Creek March 14-27. Moved to Milliken's Bend and duty there till April. Demonstrations on Haines and Drumgould's Bluffs April 29-May 2. Moved to Join army in rear of Vicksburg via Richmond and Grand Gulf May 2-14. Jackson, Miss., May 14. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance Jackson, Miss., May 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Duty at Vicksburg till February, 1864. Expedition from Vicksburg to Sunnyside Landing. Ark.. January 10-16, 1864. Duty in the Defences of Vicksburg till May 20, 1865. Expedition to Central Mississippi Railroad November 28-December 2, 1864. Moved to Natchez, Miss., May 20, 1865, and duty there till June 28. At Vicksburg till July 20. Mustered out August 7, 1865. Battery lost during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 22 Enlisted men by disease. Total 23.

William R. Jones - 32 Ohio Infantry - CDV

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A nice full standing image of William R. jones of Company H, 32nd Ohio Infnatry.† Jones enlisted as a private in September 1861.† He fought with the 32nd Ohio until he was wounded at Big Shanty, Georgia on June 27, 1864.† Unfortunately he did not recover from his wounds and died on July 13, 1864.† He is buried in Marietta, Georgia at the National Cemetary.† There is no backmark on this image.
32nd Regiment Infantry. Organized at Mansfield, Ohio, August 20 to September 7, 1861. Left State for Grafton, W. Va., September 15, thence moved to Cheat Mountain Summit. Attached to Kimball's Brigade, Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to November, 1861. Milroy's Brigade, Reynolds' Command, Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to March, 1862. Milroy's Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. Piatt's 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to July, 1862. Piatt's Brigade, White's Division, Winchester, Va., to September, 1862. Miles' Command, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September, 1862. Captured September 15, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 17th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, January to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 17th Army Corps, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, to April, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Action at Greenbrier River, W. Va., October 3-4, 1861. Duty at Greenbrier till December. Action at Camp Allegheny December 13. Duty at Beverly December, 1861, to April, 1862. Expedition on the Seneca April 1-12. Action at Monterey April 12. At Staunton till May 7. Battle of McDowell May 8. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Duty at Strasburg and Winchester till September. Evacuation of Winchester September 2. Defence of Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September 12-15. Maryland Heights September 12-13. Regiment surrendered September 15. Paroled September 16 and sent to Annapolis, Md., thence to Chicago, Ill., and to Cleveland, Ohio. Exchanged January 12, 1863. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., January 20-25, 1863, thence to Lake Providence, La., February 20, and to Milliken's Bend, La., April 17. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Raymond May 12. Jackson May 14. Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4, and garrison duty there till February, 1864. Expedition to Monroe, La., August 20-September 2, 1863. Expedition to Canton October 14-20. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2. Baker's Creek February 5. Moved to Clifton, Tenn., thence march to Ackworth, Ga., April 21-June 8. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign, June 8-September 8. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Howell's Ferry July 5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Leggett's or Bald Hill July 20-21. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Shadow Church and Westbrook's near Fairburn October 2. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Louisville November 30. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Salkehatchie Swamp, S. C., February 2-5. River's Bridge, Salkehatchie River, February 3. South Edisto River February 9. Orangeburg February 11-12. Columbia February 15-17. Fayetteville, N. C., March 11. Battle of Bentonville March 20-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 8. Mustered out July 20, 1865. Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 99 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 143 Enlisted men by disease. Total 240.

Captain George Boehm - 37 Ohio Infantry - CDV

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A nice seated image of Captain George Boehm of Company F, 37th Ohio Infantry.† Boehm mustered into Company F as Captain in August 1861.† He mustered out in January 1865.† The image is period ink signed "Capt. Geo. Boehm" on the bottom of the front carte below the image.† There is no backmark.†
37th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, and mustered in October 2, 1861. Ordered to the Kanawha Valley, West Virginia. Attached to Benham's Brigade, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to October, 1861. District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Kanawha Division, Dept. of the Mountains, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, to August, 1862. District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to December, 1862. Ewing's Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, to June, 1865. Dept. of Arkansas to August, 1865.
SERVICE.---Operations in the Kanawha District and New River Regiment, West Virginia, October 19-November 16, 1861. Duty at Clifton till March, 1862. Expedition to Logan Court House and Guyandotte Valley January 12-23. Demonstrations against Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 10-18. Actions at Princeton May 15, 16 and 17. Charleston May 17. Moved to Flat Top Mountain and duty there till August. Moved to Raleigh Court House August 1. Operations about Wyoming Court House August 2-8. Wyoming Court House August 5. Operations in the Kanawha Valley August 29-September 18. Repulse of Loring's attack on Fayetteville September 10. Cotton Hill September 11. Charleston September 12-13. Duty at Point Pleasant till October 15, and at Gauley Bridge till December 20. Ordered to Napoleon, Ark., December 20; thence to Young's Point, La., January 21, 1863, and duty there till March. Expedition to Rolling Fork via Muddy, Steele's and Black Bayous and Deer Creek March 14-27. Demonstrations on Haines and Drumgould's Bluffs April 27-May 1. Movement to join army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., via Richmond and Grand Gulf May 2-14. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Camp at Big Black till September 26. Moved to Memphis, thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 26-November 21. Operations on the Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Bear Creek, Tuscumbia, October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville November 29-December 8. Reenlisted at Larkinsville, Ala., February 9, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstrations on Resaca May 8-13. Near Resaca May 13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Ruff's Mills July 3-4. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's 2nd Sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Turkeytown and Gadsden Road October 25. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Fort McAllister December 13. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Salkehatchie Swamp, S.C., February 2-5. Cannon's Bridge, South Edisto River, February 8. North Edisto River February 12-13. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 20-21. Mill Creek March 22. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June; thence to Little Rock, Ark., and duty there till August. Mustered out August 7, 1865. Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 102 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 94 Enlisted men by disease. Total 206.

Abraham T. Craig - 47 Ohio Infantry - POW - CDV

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A nice full standing image of Abraham T. Craig of the 47th Ohio Infantry, Company E.† Craig enlisted in June 1861 as a private.† He was discharged in June 1865.† During the war period, he was promoted to Corporal and Sergeant.† He was captured on July 22, 1864 at Atlanta.† In the image Craig is shown as a Corporal.† The backmark is "J.P. Ball's Photographis Gallery, No. 30 West 4th St., betw. Main and Walnut Sts - Cincinnati, O.".
47th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, and mustered in August 13, 1861. Ordered to Clarksburg, W. Va., August 27; thence moved to Weston August 29. Attached to McCook's Brigade, Kanawha District, West Virginia, to October, 1861. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, to August, 1862. District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to December, 1862. Ewing's Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, to June, 1865. Dept. of Arkansas to August, 1865.
SERVICE.--Battle of Carnifex Ferry, W. Va., September 10, 1861. Advance to Camp Lookout and Big Sewell Mountain September 24-26. Retreat to Camp Anderson October 6-9. Operations in the Kanawha Valley and New River Region October 19-November 16. Moved to Gauley Bridge December 6, and duty there till April 23, 1862. Expedition to Lewisburg April 23-May 10. Moved to Meadow Bluff May 29. Expedition to Salt Sulphur Springs June 22-25. Duty there till August. Moved to Gauley Bridge, thence to Summerville September 3. Campaign in the Kanawha Valley September 6-16. Retreat to Gauley Bridge September 10. Cotton Hill, Loop Creek and Armstrong's Creek September 11. Charleston September 12. Duty at Point Pleasant and in the Kanawha Valley till December. Ordered to Louisville, Ky., December 30; thence to Memphis, Tenn., and to Young's Point, La., January 21, 1863. Expedition to Rolling Fork via Muddy, Steele's and Black Bayous and Deer Creek March 14-27. Demonstrations on Haines and Drumgould's Bluffs April 29-May 2. Moved to Join army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., May 2-14 via Richmond and Grand Gulf. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson, Miss., July 10-17. At Camp Sherman, Big Black, till September 26. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence march to Chattanooga September 26-November 21. Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Bear Creek, Tuscumbia, October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 8. Return to Bellefonte, Ala., thence moved to Larkins' Landing, Ala. Reconnoissance to Rome January 25-February 5, 1864. Reenlisted March 8. Veterans on furlough March 18-May 3. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Demonstrations on Resaca May 8-13. Near Resaca May 13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Ruff's Mills July 3-4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Turkeytown and Gadsden Road October 25. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Fort McAllister December 13. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Cannon's Bridge, South Edisto River, S. C., February 8. North Edisto River February 12-13. Columbia February 15-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 20-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 30. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June; thence to Little Rock, Ark., and duty there till August. Mustered out August 11, 1865. Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 80 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 136 Enlisted men by disease. Total 219.

General Benjamin F. Cheatham CDV

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A nice image of General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.† In the Mexican War, Cheatham was colonel of the Tennessee Volunteers, and was promoted major general of the state militia.† He was appointed a Confederate brigadier general on July 9, 1861, and a major general to rank from March 10, 1862.† He distinquished himself as a brigade, division, and corps commander in every engagement of the Army of the Tennessee from Shiloh to Atlanta.† Upon General Hood's undertaking the Tennessee campaign in the fall of 1864, Cheatham was placed in command of General Hardie's old corps.† Unfortunately at Spring Hill, his men did not block the road and the Federal army of John Schofield escaped.† Hood was extremely unhappy with Cheatham but there is great question as to who was actually responsible.† This is an early war photograph of Cheatham and the backmark is "E.&H.T. Anthony, 501 Broadway, New York.".

1st Lieutenant Thomas E. Cutter - 35 Massachusetts Infantry - CDV

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A nice image of Lt. Thomas E. Cutter of Company B, 35th Massachusetts Infantry.† He mustered in on August 6, 1862 as a corporal.† He was promoted to Quartermaster Sergeant, Quartermaster, and 1st Lieutenant during his military career.† He mustered out in† June 1865.† The backmark is "Batchelder, Photographic Artist, Essex Hall Building, 39 State Street, Newburyport,Mass.".†

Regimental history from A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, by Frederick Dyer:

Organized at Worcester August 1, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., August 22. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863; Dept. of the Ohio to June, 1863; Amy of the Tennessee to August, 1863, and Dept. of the Ohio to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1864. Acting Engineers, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

March into Maryland September 6-12, 1862. Battles of South Mountain, Md., September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Duty at Pleasant Valley until October 27. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 27-November 19. Warrenton, Sulphur Springs, November 15. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until February 19. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 19, thence to Covington, Ky., March 26-30. Moved to Paris April 1, and to Mr. Sterling April 3. To Lancaster May 6-7, thence to Crab Orchard May 23, and to Stanford May 25. Movement to Vicksburg, Miss., June 3-14. Siege of Vicksburg June 14-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Milldale until August 6. Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, August 6-14. At Covington, Ky., until August 18. March to Nicholasville August 18-25, and to Crab Orchard September 9-11. March over Cumberland Mountains to Knoxville, Tenn., thence to Lenoir Station October 2-29. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. At Lenoir Station until November 14. Campbell's Station November 16. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 4. Pursuit of Longstreet December 5-19. Operations in East Tennessee until March 20, 1864. Movement to Annapolis, Md., March 20-April 7. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Ny River May 10; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. March to Farmville April 4-10. Moved to City Point, thence to Alexandria April 20-28, Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 9, and discharged from service June 27, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 138 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 100 Enlisted men by disease. Total 249.


35th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment

The 35th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment lost 10 officers and 138 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 officer and 100 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Burnside's Bridge at Antietam.

Monument to the 35th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment near Burnside's Bridge at Antietam

1862

August 1

Organized at Worcester

August 22

Left State for Washington, D.C. and attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

September 6-12

March into Maryland

September 14

Battle of South Mountain

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

October 27

Duty at Pleasant Valley

October 27-
November 19

Movement to Falmouth, Va.

November 15

Warrenton, Sulphur Springs

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

1863

January 20-24

"Mud March"

January 25

At Falmouth

February 19

Moved to Newport News, Va.

March 26-30

To Covington, Ky. Attached to Dept. of the Ohio

April 1

Moved to Paris

April 3

To Mr. Sterling

May 6-7

To Lancaster

May 23

To Crab Orchard

May 25

To Stanford

June 3-14

Movement to Vicksburg, Miss. Attached to Army of the Tennessee

June 14-July 4

Siege of Vicksburg

July 5-10

Advance on Jackson, Miss.

July 10-17

Siege of Jackson

July 18

At Milldale

August 6-14

Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio and attached to Dept. of the Ohio

August 15

At Covington, Ky.

August 18-25

March to Nicholasville

September 9-11

To Crab Orchard

October 2-29

March over Cumberland Mountains to Knoxville, Tenn., then to Lenoir Station

November 4-
December 23

Knoxville Campaign

November 4 - 14

At Lenoir Station

November 16

Campbell's Station

November 17-
December 4

Siege of Knoxville

December 5-19

Pursuit of Longstreet

1864

December -
March

Operations in East Tennessee

March 20-April 7

Movement to Annapolis, Md. and attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

May-June

Rapidan Campaign

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness. Assigned as acting Engineers, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps

May 8-12

Spottsylvania

May 10

Ny River

May 12-21

Spottsylvania C. H.

May 12

Assault on the Salient

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31

Totopotomoy

June 1-12

Cold Harbor

June 1-3

Bethesda Church

June 16-18

Before Petersburg

June 16

Siege of Petersburg begins

July

Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps

July 30

Mine Explosion, Petersburg

August 18-21

Weldon Railroad

September

Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps

September 29-
October 2

Poplar Springs Church

October 27-28

Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run

1865

March 25

Fort Stedman

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

April 2

Assault on and fall of Petersburg

April 3

Occupation of Petersburg

April 4-10

March to Farmville

April 20-28

Moved to City Point, then to Alexandria

May 23

Grand Review

June 9

Mustered out

June 27

Discharged from service

Monument to the 35th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment near Burnside's Bridge at Antietam


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