A nice full standing photograph of an Indiana soldier holding his kepi and a saxhorn. The backmark on the image is "W.Evernden, Photographer, No. 89 Main St. Lafayette, Ind.". A nice band member photograph.
John A. Spofford - Bugler - 19 Massachusetts Infantry and 45 Massachusetts Infantry CDV
Item #: 14775
Click image to enlarge
A great photograph of bugler John A. Spofford of the 19th Massachusetts Infantry and the 45th Massachusetts Infantry. This photo is from his days in the 19th Massachusetts Infantry as noted by the "19" in the infantry horn on his hat. His trowsers are bloused and it looks like he is wearing camp shoes! There is no backmark.
John A. Spofford
Residence South Reading MA; a 34 year-old Pattern Maker.
Enlisted on 8/31/1861 as a Band Master.
On 8/31/1861 he mustered into Band MA 19th Infantry
He was discharged on 11/22/1861 at Camp Benton, Poolesville, MD
On 10/7/1862 he mustered into "I" Co. MA 45th Infantry
He was Mustered Out on 7/7/1863 at Readville, MA
born in Dracut, MA
Member of GAR Post # 40 (General H. G. Berry) in Malden, MA
Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc.:
NINETEENTH REGIMENT MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY THREE YEARS (Re-enlisted)
The 19th Regt. Mass. Vol. Inf. was organized at Camp
Schouler, Lynnfield, having for its nucleus the 1st Battalion
Rifles. The rest of the regiment came from Boston and
vicinity. By Aug. 28, 1861, the entire regiment had been
mustered into the service with Col. Edward W. Hinks as its
commander, and on that day it was forwarded to Washington,
arriving Aug. 30. Assigned to Gen. Lander's Brigade, Gen.
Stone's Corps of Observation, it picketed the Potomac during
the fall of 1861, advancing to Harrison's Island October 21 and
covering the retreat of the troops from Ball's Bluff. The
winter of 1861-62 was spent at Muddy Branch guarding the
Potomac in front of Darnestown and Rockville.
In March, 1862, the regiment, now in Dana's Brigade,
Sedgwick's Division, was sent to the Shenandoah, but shortly
afterward the entire division was ordered to the Peninsula
where it arrived Mar. 30, and was attached to Sumner's (2d)
Corps. It took part in the siege of Yorktown in April and was
engaged at Fair Oaks, June 25. At Glendale or Nelson's Farm,
June 30, it lost 145 officers and men of whom 33, including
Major Howe, were killed or mortally wounded.
Returning from Harrison's Landing to Alexandria the last
of August, early in September it joined in the advance toward
Frederick, Md. It arrived at South Mountain on the 14th just
after the battle was done. At Antietam, Sept. 17, it was
heavily engaged in the West Wood, suffering severe loss
including Col. Hinks who was badly wounded. At Fredericksburg,
Dec.11, the 19th was one of the regiments of Hall's Brigade,
Howard's Division, Couch's (2d) Corps that crossed the river
in boats under fire and fought their way through the streets of
the city. Two days later it was in the assault on Marye's
Heights, losing 104 officers and men including 8 color bearers,
23 being killed or mortally wounded. The winter of 1862-63 was
spent near Falmouth.
During the Chancellorsville campaign in May, 1863, with
Gibbon's Division the 19th was left in Fredericksburg in
support of Sedgwick's (6th) Corps and suffered small loss. At
Gettysburg, July 2 and 3, it was heavily engaged near the Clump
of Trees capturing four Confederate flags and losing nearly 50
per cent of its numbers. On October 14 it was engaged at
Bristoe Station, and again at Robertson's Tavern, November 27,
during the Mine Run expedition. It spent the winter at Cole's
Hill near Stevensburg. Here Dec. 20, 160 officers and men re-
enlisted for three years.
As a part of Webb's Brigade, Gibbon's Division, Hancock's
(2d) Corps the 19th was in action at the Wilderness, May 6, and
was heavily engaged at Spottsylvania, both in the assault on
the Bloody Angle, May 12, and in the general assault, May 18.
At North Anna, Totopotomoy, Cold Harbor, and in front of
Petersburg the regiment was engaged almost continuously until
June 22, when the 2d Corps was outflanked near the Jerusalem
Plank road, where the 19th lost all but 40 of its officers and
men. These, with a remnant received from the 15th Regt. And
many returned convalescents and recruits preserved the
regimental unit. In July and August it was present in both
actions near Deep Bottom and at Reams' Station. On August 30,
98 men whose terms of service had expired were discharged to
date from August 28, 1864.
The regiment was on duty in the forts and batteries around
Petersburg until October when it was engaged with loss at
Boydton Road. About Dec. 12, it was ordered to Fort Emory
where it remained until the spring campaign of 1865 opened. On
February 5 it was engaged at Hatcher's Run, and in April
participated in the final assault on Petersburg and the pursuit
of Lee's army toward Appomattox. After the surrender of the
Army of Northern Virginia the regiment, increased by recruits
to 20 officers and 645 enlisted men, marched back to Washington
city, and on June 30 was mustered out at Munson's Hill.
Returning to Massachusetts, on July 20 it was mustered for the
last time at Readville, and there paid off and discharged.
Source: Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors & Marines in the Civil War
FORTY-FIFTH REGIMENT MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA (INFANTRY) NINE MONTHS
The 45th Regt. Mass. Vol. Mill, or Cadet Regiment, was one
of the new militia regiments raised in response to the call of
Aug. 4, 1862, for nine months troops. It received the title by
which it was commonly known because of the fact that over forty
of the commissioned officers of the regiment were former
members of the Boston Cadets. Its commander, Col. Charles R.
Codman, had served as Captain and Adjutant of the Boston Cadets
during their period of service at Fort Warren in the early
summer of 1862.
Organized at Camp Meigs, Readville, in the early fall of
1862, the first eight companies of the 45th were mustered in on
the 26th day of September, and the other two, "I" and "K", on
the 7th of October.
On Nov. 5, the regiment embarked on the steamer
MISSISSIPPI for Beaufort, N. C., arriving at its destination on
the 15th. Transported by rail to Newbern, it was here assigned
to Amory's Brigade of Foster's Division. The regimental camp
was established on the banks of the Trent River near Fort
Gaston. Here the 45th remained, following the regular routine
of camp life, until Dec. 12, when it set out with Gen. Foster's
expedition to Goldsboro. Only eight companies took part in this
expedition, Co. "C" having been sent on special duty to
Morehead City, and Co. "G" to Fort Macon.
At Kinston, Dec. 14, the regiment had its first taste of
real war, losing 15 men killed and 43 wounded. At Whitehall,
Dec. 16, it was again engaged, losing 4 killed and 16 wounded.
At Goldsboro on the 17th the 45th was not in action, and on the
following day it began its return march to Newbern, arriving at
its former camp Dec. 21.
On January 17, 1863, the 45th started on a reconnaissance
to Trenton, returning on the 22d. From Jan. 26 to April 25 it
served as provost guard in the city of Newbern. During this
period, on March 14, occurred the Confederate attack on
Newbern, of which the 45th was an interested spectator but was
not called into action.
On April 27 it started with Amory's Brigade on an
expedition to Core Creek on the railroad toward Goldsboro. On
the following day it was sharply engaged, taking a Confederate
work which crossed the railroad near its intersection with the
Dover Road, and losing one man killed and four wounded.
This expedition being ended, the regiment returned to its
last camp, near Fort Spinola, just below Newbern, on the Trent.
Here it remained until June 24, when it proceeded to Morehead
City, a suburb of Beaufort, N. C., and there took transports
Arriving at its destination June 30, the regiment was
formally welcomed, then proceeded to its old camp at Readville
where it remained until its muster out of the service July 8.
Source: Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors & Marines in the Civil War
Lt. Col. Henry H. Granger - 10 Massachusetts Light Artillery - KIA - CDV
Item #: 14538
Click image to enlarge
A great 3/4 standing photograph of Captain/Major/Lt. Colonel Henry H. Granger of the 10th Massachusetts Light Artillery. In this photograph Granger is in his captains frock coat with sash, sword belt plate and rig, and cavalry saber. The photograph was taken by "Allen - 13 Winter St." as noted on the front of the CDV undr the photograph.
Granger enlisted in August 1862 as a 1st Lieutentant. He was wounded at hatcher's Run, Virginia on October 27, 1864 and died three days later on October30, 1864.
The 10th Massachusetts Light Artillery mustered out of service June 9, 1865 and was discharged on June 14, 1865.
Left Massachusetts for Washington, D.C., October 14. Duty at Camp Barry, defenses of Washington, October 17 to December 26, 1862. Moved to Poolesville, Md., December 26–28, and duty there until June 24, 1863. Moved to Maryland Heights June 24, then to Frederick City and Frederick Junction June 30-July 1. Marched to Williamsport July 8–11. Near Antietam Bridge July 12–14. Operations in Loudoun Valley July 17–31. Wapping Heights July 23. Near Warrenton July 26–31. At Sulphur Springs July 31-September 15. Near Culpeper September 17-October 10. Bristoe Campaign October 10–22. Auburn October 13. Near Fairfax Station October 15–19. At Catlett's Station October 21–30. At Warrenton Junction until November 6. Kelly's Ford November 7, At Brandy Station November 9–25. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. At Brandy Station December 3, 1863 to April 8, 1864, and at Stevensburg until May 3. Rapidan Campaign May–June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5–7. Spotsylvania May 8–12. Spotsylvania Court House May 12–21. Assault on the Salient, Spotsylvania Court House, May 12. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23–26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26–28. Totopotomoy May 28–31. Cold Harbor June 1–12. Before Petersburg June 16–18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864 to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22–23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James River July 27–29. Deep Bottom July 27–28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14–18. Ream's Station August 25. In the trenches before Petersburg in Battery 14 September 24 to October 24. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27–28. In Forts Stevenson, Blaisdell, and Welch until November 29. Movement to Hatcher's Run December 9–10. In Forts Emery and Siebert until February 5, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5–7. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Moved to Dabney's Mills March 30. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 8–9. Sailor's Creek April 6. Cover the crossing of II Corps at High Bridge, Farmville, April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Burkesville April 11–14. March to Washington, D.C., May 2–13. Grand Review of the Armies May 23.
The battery lost a total of 24 men during service; 2 officers and 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 16 enlisted men died of disease.
Captain George E. Blair - 17 Ohio Infantry - POW - CDV Type
Item #: 14813
Click image to enlarge
A nice bust up photograph of Captain George E. Blair, of the 17th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The period photograph is attached to a thinner piece of backing than the normal CDV and there is no backmark. Typed on paper is "George E. Blair, Captain 17th Ohio Vols.". The size of the backing is 2 1/2 inches by 4 3/8 inches. The photograph is Civil War period. The backing doesn't seem to be.
A great photograph showing Civil War fortifications at Manassas, Virginia. An Union officer sits on a barrel on the left side of the photograph and an Union enlisted soldier stands on the right. You can see a train and wagons in the background. The photgraph was taken by Matthew Brady Photographic group.. On the back of the CDV is "Brady's Album Gallery. No. 324. - FORTIFICATIONS AT MANASSAS.".
A nice bust up image of Major General Henry Warner Slocum, USA. Written in brown ink under the photo is "Slocum". The back of the image has no backmark but "Maj. Gen. Slocum" is written in period ink.
Major General Henry Warner Slocum (USA)
Henry Warner Slocum was born in Delphi, New York. He graduated from the United States Military Academy seventh of 43 cadets in the class of 1852. He tutored his roommate, Philip Sheridan, in mathematics. Slocum was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Artillery and served in the Seminole War and at Fort Moultrie in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1855 and resigned his commission in October 1856 to settle in Syracuse, New York. He was admitted to the bar in 1858 and practiced law in Syracuse. He served as the county treasurer and was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1859. He also served as an artillery instructor in the New York Militia with the rank of colonel.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, Slocum was appointed colonel of the 27th New York Infantry. He led the regiment as part of Colonel Andrew Porter’s 1st Brigade, Colonel David Hunter’s 2nd Division at the First Battle of Bull Run on 21 July 1861. The 27th New York suffered 130 casualties and Slocum was severely wounded in the left thigh.
On 9 August 1861, he was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers and commanded the 2nd Brigade of Brig. Gen. William B. Franklin’s 1st Division, Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell’s I Corps, during the Peninsula Campaign. During the Seven Days Battles, he commanded the 1st Division of Franklin’s VI Corps distinguishing himself at the Battle of Gaines’ Mill on 27 June 1862. V Corps commander Fitz-John Porter complimented Slocum’s division as “one of the best divisions in the Army.”
On 4 July 1862, Slocum was promoted to major general of volunteers, the second youngest man in the Army to achieve that rank. He led his division covering the retreat of Maj. Gen. John Pope after the Second Battle of Bull Run on 29-30 August. At Crampton’s Gap during the Battle of South Mountain on 14 September, Slocum assaulted the enemy line behind a stone wall and routed it. Franklin described the victory as “the completest victory gained up to that time by any part of the Army of the Potomac.”
On 20 October 1862, Slocum was promoted to command of the XII Corps replacing Maj. Gen. Joseph K. Mansfield who was killed at the Battle of Antietam. He led the corps in the Fredericksburg Campaign but was not involved in the fighting at Fredericksburg. At the Battle of Chancellorsville on 1-5 May 1863, Slocum commanded the Union right wing, including the XII Corps, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade’s V Corps, and Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard’s XI Corps. Slocum maneuvered his wing into the read of Robert E. Lee’s army, halting the Confederate advance.
Slocum was not considered for command of the Army of the Potomac following Joseph Hooker’s resignation and his junior in rank George G. Meade assumed command. Slocum played a decisive role at Gettysburg. His XII Corps held Culp’s Hill on the Union right ensuring Meade’s ultimate victory against Lee. However, Slocum has been criticized by historians for not immediately coming to Howard’s XI Corps aid on 1 July 1863. Recently uncovered information seems to vindicate Slocum. He immediately sent Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams’ 1st Division to aid Howard at Gettysburg and prepared the rest of his corps to move despite an order from Meade that morning ordering Slocum to “halt [his] command where this order reach[ed] [him].”
When Slocum reached Gettysburg, he outranked Howard and Winfield Scott Hancock and commanded the Union army for about six hours until Meade arrived after midnight. During this time, he formed the Union defensive lines. When Meade asked if the army should attack or await the attack of the enemy, Slocum recommended to “stay and fight it out.”
On 2 July, Meade ordered Slocum to send the entire XII Corps to assist the defense against Lt. Gen. James Longstreet’s assault on the left flank. Slocum wisely held back Brig. Gen. George S. Greene’s brigade on Culp’s Hill. The 1,350-man brigade held out against a massive Confederate assault saving the critical hill for the Union.
After Gettysburg, Howard’s XI Corps and Slocum’s XII Corps under Joseph Hooker were sent to relieve the Army of the Cumberland at Chattanooga, Tennessee. Slocum sent two letters of resignation to President Lincoln when he learned he would be serving under Hooker. A compromise was reached where one division of XII Corps would remain under Slocum’s command to protect the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad while the other served directly under Hooker.
During the summer of 1864, Slocum commanded the District of Vicksburg and the XVII Corps of the Department of the Tennessee. Slocum’s administration of the district was so efficient and successful that attempts to transfer to a fighting command in Georgia were prevented by Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.
When Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson was killed during the Atlanta Campaign, command of the Army of the Tennessee opened up. Hooker was passed over and he resigned his commission. John A. Logan and Howard would command the Army of the Tennessee. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman selected Slocum to command the new XX Corps made up of the remnants of XI and XII Corps. When Atlanta fell, Slocum and his corps were the first to enter the city on 2 September 1864. He was occupation commander for 10 weeks and tried to make the occupation tolerable for the civilians. At the start of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign, Sherman left Slocum with 12,000 troops in Atlanta as Sherman pursued Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood.
During Sherman’s March to Sea, Slocum commanded the newly created Army of Georgia, composed of the Brig. Gen. Jefferson C. Davis’ XIV Corps and Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams’ XX Corps, operating as the left wing. Sherman’s right wing was the Army of the Tennessee commanded by Howard. The men travelled light foraging for supplies on the march to Savannah, Georgia. Slocum took the surrender of the city on 21 December 1864, and then set up fire guards and prevented the city from being damaged. Slocum recommended cutting off Confederate Gen. William J. Hardee’s corps, but Sherman rejected the plan and Hardee escape to fight again at Bentonville.
During the Carolinas Campaign, Slocum’s army was heavily engaged at the Battle of Averasborough on 15-16 March 1865, and the Battle of Bentonville, on 19 March, where Slocum successfully held off a surprise assault by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Johnston surrendered on 17 April. Slocum then commanded the Department of the Mississippi from April through September 1865. He resigned and returned to Syracuse, New York.
Slocum ran as the Democratic candidate for Secretary of State of New York in 1865 but was defeated by fellow Gettysburg General Francis C. Barlow. He was elected as a Democrat to the 41st and 42nd Congresses (4 March 1869 – 3 March 1873). Slocum took an active interest in military and veterans’ affairs. He worked in Congress for the exoneration of Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter who was court-martialed after the Second Battle of Bull Run. Slocum gave a strong speech on Porter’s behalf in Congress on 18 January 1884.
He was appointed Commissioner of the department of city works of Brooklyn, New York in 1876. He was again elected in 1882 as a representative-at-large to the 48th Congress. He remained friends with Sherman until Sherman’s death and both he and Howard planned Sherman’s funeral and were pall bearers along with old foe Joseph E. Johnston. Henry Slocum died on 14 April 1894 in Brooklyn, New York.
Major General John Sedgwick - 1st U.S. Cavalry - KIA - CDV
Item #: 15531
Click image to enlarge
A nice image of Major General John Sedgwick, one of the most beloved soldiers in the Army of the Potomac. He graduated West Point in 1837 and served against the Seminoes and Cherokee Indians. He served under both Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott in the Mexican War and won brevets of captain and major. He was major of the 1st U.S. Cavalry and was promoted colonel on the defection to the Confederacy of R.E. Lee and William J. Hardee. He was commisioned brigadier general on August 31, 1861. He fought on the Peninsula until he was wounded at Frayser's Farm in June 1862. He was promoted major general in July 1862. He was wounded three times at Sharpsburg and was carried from the field. After his recovery he commanded the VI corps. He commanded at Chancellorsville,Gettysburg, and the Wilderness. At Spottsylvania he exposed himself to enemy fire and his aides cautioned him. His reply, "they couldn't hit an elephant at this distance," was soon followed by the whistle and thump of a sharpshooters bullet which struck him below the left eye and killed him almost instantly.
This great image of General Sedgwick has him seated wearing his major general's uniform. The backmark on this image is "E.&H.T. Anthony, New York". There is a a very small piece of the image missing in the upper right corner.
Captain David Van Buskirk, 27th Indiana Infantry CDV - POW
Item #: 15685
Click image to enlarge
A nice full standing image of Captain David Van Buskirk of Company F ,27th Indiana Infantry. Van Buskirk was commisioned 2nd Lieuteneat in August 1861. He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant in July 1862 and Captain in September 1862. He was captured at Winchester on May 24, 1862 and was exchanged for Charles M. Harper, 8th Georgia Infantry on September 21, 1862. He was considered the "Tallest" man in the Union Army measuring 6' 10 1/2 " tall and weighing approximately 300 pounds. He resigned in April 1864.
Twenty-seventh Infantry INDIANA (3 years)
Twenty-seventh Infantry. Col., Silas Colgrove; Lieut.-Cols.
Archibald T. Harrison, Abisha L. Morrison, John R. Fesler;
Majs., John Mehringer, William S. Johnson, George W. Burge,
Theodore F. Colgrove
This regiment was organized at Indianapolis in Aug. 1861, and
was mustered in Sept. 12. It left the state Sept. 15, for
Washington City where it was transferred to Banks' Army of the
Shenandoah in October.
It was in winter quarters near Frederick City, Md., and joined
the movement in Shenandoah Valley in March, 1862, marching
into Winchester on the 9th and after the battle of March 22-
23, joined in pursuit of Jackson's army. It was in the
battles of Front Royal and Winchester in May, holding back a
vastly superior force for nearly 4 hours, after which it fell
back with the army and engaged the enemy in the public
It became part of Banks' division of Pope's Army of Virginia
at Culpeper Court House and with that command participated in
the battle of Cedar Mountain. It then took part in the
Maryland campaign and was actively engaged at Antietam, where
it lost heavily. It was then placed on picket duty, on the
east bank of the Potomac, from Harper's Ferry to the mouth of
Opequan creek, and during the winter moved to the vicinity of
Fairfax Station, where it remained until spring.
It participated in the battle of Chancellorsville, losing
heavily, and in pursuit of Lee's invading army marched with
the 12th corps through Maryland into Pennsylvania, reaching
Gettysburg in time to take a prominent part in that battle,
and in the resistance to Pickett's charge on July 3, suffering
It then joined in the pursuit of the retreating army to the
Potomac. In September it was transferred to the West with the
12th corps and was stationed at Tullahoma, Tenn., during the
fall and winter.
A portion of the regiment reenlisted on Jan. 24, 1864, and
after their return from furlough, it joined Sherman in
Georgia, participating in the battle of Resaca, where, on an
open field, it defeated the 32nd and 38th Ala., inflicting
heavy loss and taking the battle flag, colonel and 100
prisoners of the 38th. Its own loss was 68 killed and
It participated in all the marching and skirmishing, battles and
assaults of the army in the Atlanta campaign, moving to the city
at its conclusion. The non-veterans were mustered out Nov. 4,
1864, the veterans and remaining recruits being transferred to
the 70th regiment, and serving with it through the campaign to
Savannah and up through the Carolinas.
On the muster-out of the regiment they were transferred to the
33rd, with which they served until its muster out at
Louisville, July 21, 1865. The original strength was 1,052;
gain by recruits, 116; reenlistments, 154; total, 1,322. Loss
by death, 275; desertion, 47; unaccounted for, 52.
Source: The Union Army, vol. 3
A neat CDV of General George H. Thomas is offered. This image is a waist up view with Thomas holding his hat. He is wearing his Major General uniform. The back mark was origionally Brady's but has a paper slip with "Specialite. Selby & McCauley, Photograph Albumn & Carte de Visite Depot, No. 36 West Baltimore Street.".
George Henry Thomas (1816-1870)
Unlike his fellow Virginian Robert E. Lee, George Thomas remained loyal to the Union. During Nat Turner's bloody slave revolt, Thomas had led his family to safety and subsequently attended West Point (1840). A veteran of the Seminole and Mexican wars and an artillery and cavalry instructor at the academy, he was a major in the 2nd, soon to be the 5th Cavalry at the time of the secession crisis. His war assignments included: lieutenant colonel, 2nd Cavalry (April 25, 1861); colonel, 2nd Cavalry (May 3, 1861); commanding 1st Brigade, in the 1st Division, Department of Pennsylvania (June-July 25,1861), in the Department of the Shenandoah July 25-August 17, 1861), and in Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac (August 17-28, 1861); brigadier general, USV (August 3,1861); commanding Camp Dick Robinson, Ken., Department of the Ohio (October-December 2, 1861); commanding lst Division, Army of the Ohio (December 2, 1861 - April 30,1862 and June 10 - September 29,1862); major general, USV (April 25,1862); commanding Army of the Tennessee (April 30-June 10, 1862); second in command of the Army of the Ohio (September 29-October 24, 1862); commanding Centre, 14th Corps, Army of the Cumberland (November 5, 1862 - January 9, 1863); commanding the corps January 9 - October 28,1863); brigadier general, USA (October 27,1863); commanding the army (October 28, 1863 - September 26, 1864); commanding Department of the Cumberland (October 28, 1863 June 27, 1865); and major general, USA (December 15, 1864). After brief service in the East, Thomas was sent to Kentucky and commanded at Mill Springs. After arriving too late for the fighting at Shiloh, he commanded the Army of the Tennessee, replacing Grant who was shelved by being made second in command to Halleck. After participating in the slow drive on Corinth, Thomas returned to Kentucky and fought at Perryville and later at Stones River and in the Tullahoma Campaign. At Chickamauga, after most of the army had fled the field, Thomas stubbornly held out on the second day at Snodgrass Hill, earning the nickname "The Rock of Chickamauga." After the defeat the army was besieged at Chattanooga, and Grant was promoted to overall command in the West and sent with reinforcements. He was given duplicate orders, one leaving General Rosecrans in command of the Army of the Cumberland and the other giving Thomas the post. Grant chose the latter although he resented Thomas for being replaced after Shiloh. Thomas' men broke through the Confederate lines at Missionary Ridge and later took part in the capture of Atlanta. With Hood's Army of Tennessee threatening Tennessee, in Sherman's rear, Thomas was detached with two corps to deal with him. This was effectively the end of the Army of the Cumberland. After being briefly besieged at Nashville, Thomas, who was about to be removed for being too slow, attacked and routed the rebels. For this, one of the most decisive battles of the war, Thomas became one of 13 officers to receive the Thanks of Congress. Hood's command was no longer a real threat to anyone. With most of his forces sent to other theaters of operations, Thomas remained in command in Tennessee until 1867, when he was assigned to command on the Pacific coast until his death in 1870. (McKinney, Francis F., Education in Violence: The Life ofGeorge H. Thomas and the History of the Army of theCumberland) Source: "Who Was Who In The Civil War" by Stewart Sifakis
A great image of the battle flags of the 44th New York Infantry - the Ellsworth Avengers. The flag staff is in front of the flag and you can clearly see the "44" in the middle of the flag. The 44th New York Infantry was one of Fox's 300 Fighting Regiments!
44th Infantry Regiment Civil War Ellsworth Avengers; People's Ellsworth Regiment
Mustered in: August 30, 1861 to September 24, 1861. Mustered out: October 11, 1864.
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912. This regiment, Col. Stephen W. Stryker, was recruited under the auspices of the Ellsworth Association of the State of New York. The original plan was to obtain from every ward and town of the State one man; this plan was not adhered to, but later more than one enlistment was allowed to each, and the counties of Albany and Erie furnished each two companies, and Herkimer county one company. The men reported individually at Albany, where the regiment was organized under orders from the State dated October 15, 1861. The companies were mustered in the service of the United States for three years, A, E, C, D and E August 30; F and G September 6; H and I September 15, and K September 24, 1861. September 20, 1862, Companies C and E were merged into the others, and replaced by new companies, recruited at Albany, October 21, 1862. New Company E was also known as the Normal School Company. In June, 1863, the three years' men of the 14th and 25th Infantries joined the regiment by transfer. September 23, 1864, the men not entitled to be mustered out with the regiment were formed into a battalion, and October 11, 1864, this battalion was transferred to the 140th Infantry (266 enlisted men), and the 146th Infantry (183 enlisted men). The regiment left the State October 21, 1861; served in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Potomac, from October 26, 1861; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 3d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1862, and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Freeman Conner, October 11, 1864, at Albany. During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 5 officers, 120 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 62 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 145 enlisted men; total, 8 officers, 327 enlisted men; aggregate, 335; of whom 15 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II. Forty-fourth Infantry.—Cols., Stephen W. Stryker, James C. Rice, Freeman Conner; Lieut.-Cols., James C. Rice, Edward P. Chapin, Freeman Conner, Edward B. Knox; Majs., Stephen W. Stryker, James McKown, Edward P. Chapin, Freeman Conner, Edward B. Knox, Campbell Allen. The 44th regiment, known as Ellsworth's Avengers, was organized at Albany under the auspices of the Ellsworth association of the State of New York, which planned to raise a memorial regiment to be composed of one man from each town and ward, unmarried, not over 30 years of age or under 5 feet, 8 inches in height, and of military experience. This plan was adhered to as far as possible and two companies from Albany county, two from Erie county, one from Herkimer county, and a large number of scattered squads reported at Albany in response to the request. These companies were mustered into the service of the United States at Albany in Aug. and Sept., 1861, for three years, and two new companies from Albany were mustered in Oct. 21, 1862. The regiment, numbering 1,061 men, left Albany on Oct. 21, 1861, for Washington and upon its arrival there was assigned to the 3d brigade, 1st division, later with the 5th corps. Camp was established on Oct. 28, at Hall's hill, Va., and the winter was passed there with routine duties. On March 10, 1862, the regiment led the advance to Centerville, but soon returned to Fairfax and proceeded thence to Yorktown, arriving on April 1. From May 5 to 19, the 44th garrisoned Fort Magruder; then moved to Games' mill; was engaged at Hanover Court House, with the loss of 86 killed, wounded and missing; participated in the Seven Days' battles with a total loss of 56 at Gaines' mill and 99 at Malvern Hill, out of 225 engaged in the last named battle. Returning to Alexandria, the regiment moved by way of Fortress Monroe to Manassas, and in the battle of Aug. 30 lost 71 killed, wounded or missing. It was in reserve at Antietam; was active at Shepherdstown, and Fredericksburg; shared in the hardships of Burnside's "Mud March," and returned to winter quarters at Stoneman's switch, near Falmouth. Camp was broken on April 27, 1863, for the Chancellorsville campaign, the 44th being in the lead during the general movement of the army and sharing in the fighting, after which it returned for a short rest to the camp at Stoneman's switch. In June, the veterans of the 14th and 25th N. Y. were added to the 44th. At Gettysburg the regiment was posted on the left of the line and joined in the defense of Little Round Top, where it met with its greatest loss—111 killed, wounded and missing. After spending some weeks in camp at Emmitsburg, the command was present at the battle of Bristoe Station, active at Rappahannock Station and in the Mine Run campaign, and went into winter quarters at Brandy Station. In Dec., 1863, a large number of the men reenlisted and rejoined the regiment in camp after their veteran furlough. May, 1864, was the month of the memorable Wilderness campaign, in which the regiment served faithfully, suffering most severely at the Wilderness and at Bethesda Church. By this time the regiment had become greatly reduced in numbers by hard service and the loss in this campaign, while not so large in numbers as in previous battles, was even greater in proportion to the number of men engaged. The regiment was active in the first assault on Petersburg in June, 1864, at the Weldon railroad, and at Poplar Spring Church. On Oct. 11 , 1864, the 44th was mustered out at Albany and the veterans and recruits were consolidated into a battalion, of which 266 men were transferred to the 140th and 183 to the 146th N. Y. The total strength of the regiment was 1,585, of whom 188 died during the term of service from wounds received in action, and 147 died from accident, imprisonment or disease. The total loss in killed, wounded and missing was 730. The men chosen for this command were of the flower of the state and displayed their heroism on many a desperately contested field, where they won laurels for themselves. and for their state. Col. Fox numbers the 44th among the "three hundred fighting regiments."
Major General Peter J. Osterhaus, 12 Missouri Infantry, CDV
Item #: 14232
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A nice image of Major General Peter Joseph Osterhaus. General Osterhaus was born in Germany and after receiving a military education in Europe, found himself on the losing side in the revolutions that were sweeping Europe. He escaped to the United States in 1849 where he setteld in Belleville, Illinois. He ended up settled in St. Louis, Missouri and was involed in the German community there. Osterhaus entered his Civil War career as a major in a Missouri battalion mustered into federal service. After fighting at Wilson's Creek, he was made colonel of the 12th Missouri Infantry. He commanded a division of General Curtis's forces at the battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas. In June 1862 he was appointed Brigadier General and served under U.S. Grasnd and W.T. Sherman in the Vicksburg campaign where he was wounded at the Battle of the Big Black. At Chattanooga, Osterhaus served under Joseph Hooker and on the day of the assault upon Missionary Ridge performed magnificently as his command drove Braxton Bragg's men from the southern end of the ridge. During the Atlanta campaign he was promoted to Major General in June, 1864. He commanded in Logan's XV Corps under Sherman in the march through Georgia and the Carolina Campaign.
The image is more than a waist up image of General Osterhaus sitting. this photo is after June, 1864. He is wearing his Major General uniform. Written on the bottom of the photograph in pencil is "Osterhaus". An orage 2 cent revenue stamp is attached to the back of the image.
Surgeon Henry Boynton - 7 New Hampshire Infantry - CDV
Item #: RX19046
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A nice image of Surgeon Henry Boynton of the 7th New Hampshire Infantry. Boynton was commisioned in December 1861. He fought with the 7th New Hampshire until January 24, 1864 when he resigned due to ill health. The backmark on the image is "Stephen Piper, Photographer Manchester, N.H.". Written in period pencil on the back is "Dr. Boynton - 1861".
7th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment
The 7th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment lost 10 officers and 177 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 228 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.
Organized at Keene
Left State for Washington, D.C.
Expedition to Hatteras Inlet, N. C., and duty there attached to Williams' 4th Brigade, North Carolina Expedition
Moved to Roanoke Island
Expedition to Elizabeth City. Attached to Hawkins' Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina
Colonel Charles J. Powers - 108 New York Infantry - Bvt. Brig. General - CDV
Item #: RX19011
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Agreat image of Colonel Charles J. Powers of the 108th New York Infantry. Powers was promoted to Brevet Brigadier General on March 13, 1865 for gallant & meritorius service. He was wounded on May 6, 1864 at the WIlderness. His photograph is shown in Roger Hunt's "Brevet Brigadier Generals In Blue" on page 489. The image has a "Powelson Photographer - 58 State St. - Rochester & 230 Main St. - Buffalo, N.Y." backmark.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II. One Hundred and Eighth Infantry.—Cols., Oliver H. Palmer, Charles J. Powers; Lieut.-Cols., Charles J. Powers, Francis E. Pierce; Majs., George B. Force, Francis E. Pierce, Harmon S. Hogaboom, William H. Andrews. The 108th regiment was recruited and organized at Rochester, where it was mustered into the U. S. service for three years, Aug. 16-18, 1862. It left the state the following day, and served in the defenses of Washington, until Sept. 6, when it was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 3d division (French's), 2nd corps, and engaged in its first battle at Antietam. The new regiment suffered a loss in the battle of 30 killed, 122 wounded and 43 missing. Its next battle was at Fredericksburg, where Gen. Couch commanded the corps, and the regiment again suffered severely, losing 92 in killed, wounded and missing. Its loss at Chancellorsville was 52, Gen. Hancock being in command of the corps and Gen. Alex. Hays the division. At Gettysburg, where the regiment again met with a severe loss on the second and third days, its casualties amounted to 102 killed and wounded. In October it was engaged with some loss at Auburn and Bristoe Station, a 2nd corps affair; was active during the Mine Run campaign at the close of the year, and at the battle of Morton's ford in Feb., 1864. On the reorganization of the Army of the Potomac in March, 1864, the 3d division was consolidated with the 1st and and, the 108th being assigned to the 3d brigade, 2nd division, 2nd corps, with which it crossed the Rapidan and engaged in the Wilderness campaign. It lost 52 at the battle of the Wilderness, 53 at Spottsylvania, suffered constant losses in the subsequent battles leading up to Petersburg, and in the battles at the Weldon railroad, Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains, Reams' station, Boyd-ton plank road, Hatcher's run, the final assault on Petersburg, and fought its last battle at Farmville, two days before Lee's surrender. It was mustered out under Col. Powers, May 28, 1865, at Bailey's cross-roads, Va., and the men not then entitled to discharge were transferred to the 59th N. Y. Maj. Force was killed at Antietam, and both Col. Palmer and Col. Powers were promot-ted to the rank of brevet brigadier-general for faithful and meritorious services. The regiment lost during service 9 officers and 106 men killed and mortally wounded; 90 men died of disease and other causes, a total of 205. Among the many brilliant achievements of the regiment, it is related that in the fight at Morton's ford the 108th advanced rapidly and without firing a shot to a stone wall occupied by the enemy, when they delivered a volley and with shouts leaped over the wall and were soon in possession of an important position which virtually decided the contest.
Captain John J. Carran - 46 Ohio Infantry - WIA - CDV
Item #: vm838
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A nice, clean image of Captain Joohn J. Carran of Company F, 46th Ohio Infantry. Carran enlisted as a 1st Lieutenant in December 1861 and was discharged for disability on May 2, 1864. Carran was promoted to Captain in September 1862 and was wounded at Shiloh on April 6, 1862. The image is period ink signed "Jno J Carran, Class of 64 - April 13, 1864". The backmark is "J.F. Ryder, Phootgraphist, 171 SuperiorStr. - Cleveland, O.".
46th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Worthington, Ohio, October 16, 1861, to January 28, 1862. At Camp Chase, Ohio, till February 18, 1862. Ordered to Paducah, Ky., February 18. Attached to District of Paducah, Ky., to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 5th Division, Army of the Tennessee, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, District of Memphis, Tenn., 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 16th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division. 15th Army Corps, to July, 1865. SERVICE.--Moved to Savannah, Tenn., March 6-10, 1862. Expedition to Yellow Creek, Miss., and occupation of Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 14-17. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Duty at Pittsburg Landing till April 27. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. March to Memphis, Tenn., via La-Grange, Grand Junction and Holly Springs June 1-July 2. Guard duty along Memphis & Charleston Railroad and provost duty at Memphis, Tenn., till November. Affair at Randolph September 25. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign. Operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad November, 1862, to January 10, 1863. Guard duty along Memphis & Charleston Railroad, and scout duty in Northern Mississippi till June 8. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., June 8. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., June 11-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Bolton's Ferry July 4-6. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Camp at Big Black till September 25. Moved to Memphis, thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 25-November 20. Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Paint Rock, Ala., November 20. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 8. Duty at Scottsboro, Ala., December 31, 1863, to May 1, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8. Demonstrations on Resaca May 8-13. Near Resaca May 13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of-Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's 2nd Sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Rome October 17. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Griswoldsville November 22. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Reconnoissance to Salkehatchie River, S.C., January 25. Salkehatchie Swamp February 2-5. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 11-12. Congaree and Savannah Creeks February 15. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 20-21. Mill Creek March 22. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June, and duty there till July. Mustered out July 22, 1865. Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 124 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 7 Officers and 149 Enlisted men by disease. Total 290.
A wonderful image of Corporal James O. Archer in a full standing pose. Archer mustered into the 7th Ohio Light Artillery in January 1862. He died of disease on August 4, 1863 at Vicksburg, Mississippi. There is no backmark and the image is pencil signed "James O. Archer - 7 O.V.A. ".
Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, and mustered in January 1, 1862. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., March 18; thence to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., April 6. Attached to 6th Division, Army of the Tennessee, to June, 1862. Artillery, 4th Division, Army of the Tennessee and District of Memphis, Tenn., to September, 1862. Artillery, 4th Division, District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862. Artillery, 4th Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Artillery, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, 4th Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Artillery, 4th Division, 13th Army Corps, to August. 1863. Artillery, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, to April, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to September, 1864. Artillery, Post of Vicksburg, Miss., District of Vicksburg, Miss., to November, 1864. Artillery Reserve, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to August, 1865.
SERVICE.--Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30, 1862. March to Memphis, Tenn., via Grand Junction, Lagrange and Holly Springs June 1-July 21. At Memphis until September 6. March to Bolivar, Tenn., September 6-16. Battle of Hatchie River, Metamora, October 5. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November-December. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., and duty there until May, 1863. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., May 13. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Assault on Jackson July 12. Ordered to Natchez, Miss., August 12, and duty there until November 11. Expedition to Harrisonburg, La., September 1-8. Moved to Vicksburg November 11 and camp at Big Black until February, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2. Champion's Hill February 4. Duty at Vicksburg until May. Expedition to Yazoo City May 4-22. Benton May 7 and 9. Duty at Vicksburg until January 3, 1865. At Jackson and Hazelhurst as Infantry until July. Mustered out August 11, 1865.
Battery lost during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 1 Officer and 31 Enlisted men by disease. Total 33.