Offered ia a nice CDV of General E. Kirby Smit. General Smith is wearing his COnfederate generals uniform in the image. The backmark on the image is E.&H.T. Anthony, New York.
Born in St. Augustine Florida, Edmund Kirby Smith was educated at the United States Military Academy, where he graduated in 1845. After graduation, Smith served in the Mexican-American War with distinction, participating in the battles at Cerro Gordo and Contreras. After the war, he served as a Professor of Mathematics at West Point before being sent west to participate in the Indian Campaigns. Smith was in Texas with the 2nd Cavalry when war broke out in 1861. At first Smith refused to surrender to Texas militia, but his loyalties changed once Florida seceded Smith resigned from the United States Army, and entered the Confederate army with the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Edmund Kirby Smith was quickly commissioned as a brigadier general within the Confederate army, and served at the First Battle of Manassas, where he was seriously injured. After recovering, he was sent west to command the Army of East Tennessee. Fighting alongside Braxton Bragg in his invasion of Kentucky, Smith led his army to victory at Richmond on August 30, 1862. In early 1863, he was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department and tasked with helping halt the Union’s advance on the Mississippi River. In early 1864, he successfully repulsed the Red River Campaign led by Nathaniel Banks, but as a result of his isolated location, could do little more. He finally surrendered his troops, one of the last to do so, on May 26, 1865 to General E. R. S. Canby.
Offered is a nice CDV of General Richard S. "Dick" Ewell. The image is a bust shot of General Ewell in his Confederate uniform. The backmark is E..& H.T. Anthony, New York.
Richard Stoddert Ewell began his career after graduating 13th out of the 42 students of the American Military Academy’s class of 1840. He was sent to serve in the west with the 1st US Dragoons, and served in the Mexican-American War. During the war, he participated in the battles of Contreras and Churubusco, and received a promotion to captain for his gallantry. On May 7, 1861, he resigned from the United States Army, and entered the Confederate Army.
Ewell participated in a minor skirmish before the outbreak of fighting, and received a commission as a brigadier general on June 17, 1861. He commanded a brigade at the First Battle of Bull Run, but saw little combat. On January 24, 1862, he was promoted to major general and served alongside General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson through the Valley Campaign in Virginia. He protected Richmond during Union General George McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign, and commanded his troops successfully at the battles of Malvern Hill, Gaines’ Mill, the Seven Days Battles, and the Second Battle of Bull Run. At the Battle of Groveton, Ewell was severely wounded in the leg, which was amputated below the knee. After several months of recovery, Ewell returned to the army and participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville. On May 23, 1863, Ewell was promoted to lieutenant general to replace General Jackson, who had been mortally wounded at Chancellorsville.
Ewell then participated in the Battle of Gettysburg, but received criticism for his actions. Although he met with great success during the early portions of the battle on July 1, 1863, he did not continue to assault Union positions, which provided Union troops the time they needed to reorganize and prepare defenses. Although confusion exists as to why Ewell did not continue to attack the Union troops, many of the generals in Robert E. Lee’s army felt that Ewell actions helped lead to the Confederate defeat. Following the Gettysburg Campaign, Ewell performed well during the Battle of the Wilderness, but again received criticism for his inaction and indecisiveness at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. Following the battle, Ewell, who was suffering from health problems, was relieved of commanding his division, and sent to command the defenses of Richmond. During the retreat from Richmond, Ewell and his men were surrounded and captured at Sayler’s Creek on April 6, 1865. He remained imprisoned at Fort Warren for the remainder of the war.
Offered is a nice image of General Edward A. Johnson. General Johnson is in his Confederate generals uniform in the image. There is no backmark on the image.
Edward "Allegheny" Johnson (April 16, 1816 – March 2, 1873) was a United States Army officer and Confederategeneral in the American Civil War. Highly rated by Robert E. Lee, he was made a divisional commander under Richard S. Ewell. On the first evening of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1, 1863), Ewell missed his opportunity to attack Cemetery Hill, and Johnson opted against attacking Culp's Hill, for which he had a discretionary order, though he attempted this on the second and third days. Ewell and Johnson are blamed by many for the loss of this decisive battle.
After the outbreak of the Civil War, Johnson resigned his United States Army commission and received the rank of colonel in the 12th Georgia Infantry on July 2, 1861. The 12th Georgia fought in Gen. Robert E. Lee's first campaign in western Virginia, at the Battle of Greenbrier River. He was promoted to brigadier general on December 13, 1861, and received his nickname while commanding six infantry regiments in a battle on Allegheny Mountain. (This brigade-sized force was given the grandiose name "Army of the Northwest".)
In the winter of 1861–62, Johnson's army cooperated with Maj. Gen.Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson in the early stages of Jackson's Valley Campaign. While Jackson marched his army into the mountains of the present-day Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia to conduct raids on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Johnson was tasked with protecting against a Union invasion of the "upper," more elevated areas of the Shenandoah Valley near Staunton, Virginia. His Army of the Northwest constructed a series of breastworks and trenches atop Shenandoah Mountain which they named simply Fort Edward Johnson. At the Battle of McDowell, Johnson was severely wounded with a bullet to the ankle, which took a long time to heal. He returned to Richmond for his convalescence and remained there for nearly a year, active in the social scene. Although Johnson was a heavy-set, rough-looking, rude character who was still a bachelor at age 47, he had the reputation of a ladies' man. Due to a wound he received in Mexico, he was afflicted with an eye that winked uncontrollably, causing many women to believe he was flirting with them. He caused enough attention that he rated mentions in the famous diary of Mary Chesnut.
By May 1863, Johnson had recovered enough to lead his division in the Gettysburg Campaign. He still needed a heavy hickory stick to move around on foot (and was known to use it against men he believed were shirking battle) and his men nicknamed him "Old Clubby". On the way north into Pennsylvania, Johnson defeated Union Maj. Gen. Robert H. Milroy at the Second Battle of Winchester. Johnson arrived at the Battle of Gettysburg on the evening of the first day, July 1, 1863. In a move that is still controversial, Ewell did not take advantage of Johnson's division and attack Cemetery Hill immediately that evening, when it might have been decisive. Johnson controversially declined to attack Culp's Hill that evening, for which he had a discretionary order. Instead, Johnson's division was the primary force that attacked Culp's Hill on the second and third days, suffering considerable casualties assaulting this impregnable position multiple times with no lasting success. In the fall of 1863, Johnson played a prominent role in the Mine Run Campaign.
After the war, Johnson was a farmer in Virginia. He was active in Confederate veterans affairs, including early efforts to construct a monument to Robert E. Lee in Richmond. He died in Richmond and his body lay in state in the state capital until he was buried at Hollywood Cemetery.
General Milledge L. Bonham CDV - Confederate General & 70th Governor of South Carolina
Item #: 14999
Click image to enlarge
Offered is a nice CDV of General Milledge L. Bonham, Confederate general and 70th Governor of South Carolina. The image is nice. The carte has clipped corners and the backmark is E.&H.T. Anthony, New York.
In early 1861, the Southern states that had seceded from the Union appointed special commissioners to travel to those other slaveholding Southern states that had yet to secede. Bonham served as the Commissioner from South Carolina to the Mississippi Secession Convention, and helped to persuade its members that they should also secede from the Union.
He resigned his commission January 27, 1862, to enter the Confederate Congress. On December 17, 1862, the South Carolina General Assembly elected Bonham as governor by secret ballot. He served until December 1864. During his term, the General Assembly enacted a prohibition against distilling in 1863 and also that year, it demanded that more land be used to grow food instead of cotton to increase the supply of food in the state. Bonham rejoined the Confederate Army as brigadier general of cavalry in February 1865, and was actively engaged in recruiting when the war ended.
Near Greenville, South Carolina a group of troops positioned there, because of worry of federal invasion from North Carolina, named their emplacement, Camp Bonham, in his honor.
Dates of Rank
Major General (South Carolina Militia), February 10, 1861
Brigadier General, April 23, 1861
Brigadier General, February 20, 1865
Bonham owned an insurance business in Edgefield and in Atlanta, Georgia, from 1865 to 1878. Returning to politics, Bonham was again a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1865–1866 and a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1868. He was a member of the South Carolina taxpayers’ convention in 1871 and 1874. Retiring from public service, he resumed the practice of law in Edgefield and engaged in planting. He was appointed state railroad commissioner in 1878 and served until his death at White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. He was buried in Elmwood Cemetery in Columbia
Offered is a nice bust up view of General Fitzhugh Lee in his Confederate uniform. The backmark is E.&H.T. Anthony, New York.
The nephew of General Robert E. Lee, Fitzhugh Lee was born in Fairfax County, Virginia on November 19, 1835. He was the son of Sydney Smith Lee, who would later become a captain in the Confederate States Navy. Although close to his famous uncle, Lee is remembered as one of the South's finest cavalry commanders. Lee attended the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, graduating in 1856. After graduation, Lee fought as a cavalry officer in the Indian wars where he was severely injured. Following his recovery, he taught cavalry tactics at West Point and in 1861, when the Civil War began, he resigned his commission as 1st lieutenant in the U.S. Army.
He entered the Confederate Army as a lieutenant in the cavalry and served as a staff officer under General Richard S. Ewell. Within a short time he transferred to command of of the 1st Virginia Cavalry under Major General J.E.B. B. Stuart. At the age of twenty-seven, he was promoted to brigadier general on July 24, 1862. As a cavalry brigade commander, Lee performed well in the Maryland Campaign, covering the Confederate infantry's withdrawal from South Mountain, delaying the Union Army advance to Sharpsburg, Maryland, before the Battle of Antietam, and covering the army's recrossing of the Potomac River into Virginia. He conducted the cavalry action of Kelly's Ford (March 17, 1863) with skill and success, where his 400 troopers captured 150 men and horses with a loss of only 14 men. In the Battle of Chancellorsville in May 1863, Lee's reconnaissance found that the Union Army's right flank was "in the air", which allowed the successful flanking attack by Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. During the Battle of Gettysburg, his brigade fought unsuccessfully in the action at East Cavalry Field. J. E. B. Stuart's report singled out no officer in his command for praise except Fitz Lee, who he said was "one of the finest cavalry leaders on the continent, and richly [entitled] to promotion."
Following Gettysburg he fought under General Jubal Early in the Shenandoah Valley and was severely wounded during the Third Battle of Winchester. As the war neared an end and following the death of J. E. B. Stuart, he became General Robert E. Lee's Cavalry Corps commander.
After the war he spent many years as a farmer before entering politics, serving as the governor of Virginia from 1885 to 1889. Following this he served as consul general in Havana, Cuba from 1896 to 1898. When the Spanish-American War was imminent, he joined the U.S. Volunteer Army, entering as a major general in command of the VII Corps. He retired from the military in 1901.
He spent his postwar years in politics and farming. Fitzhugh Lee died in Washington, DC on April 28, 1905.
General Roger Hansom CDV KIA Stones River, Tennessee
Item #: 14449
Click image to enlarge
Offered is a great image of General Roger Hanson. The three quarters image shows Hanson in his Confederate colonels uniform. Written under the image is "Roger Hanson". The back mark on the cdv is E.&H.T. Anthony, New York. It is covered up by a 2 cent light blue Washington stamp.
Hanson was born 27 August 1827 in Clark County, Kentucky. He fought during the Mexican war as a member of a Kentucky volunteer regiment. Returning to Kentucky he studied the law and began a practice. He was wounded in the leg while fighting a duel. The injury earned him the nickname "Bench Leg". He tried his hand at politics running unsuccessfully for a seat in the US Congress from Kentucky's 8th district in 1857. During the secession crisis he took a conservative stance, backing John Bell in the 1860 presidential election.
Although he favored neutrality when the war began Hanson saw Union troops moving into his native state as an invasion and joined the Kentucky State Guard. He was named colonel in the guard on 19 August 1861. On 3 September 1861 when the state guard was incorporated into the Confederate army Hanson was named colonel of the 2nd Kentucky. He was given command of the 1st Kentucky brigade. His penchant for discipline earned him the nickname "Old Flintlock". When Union troops occupied Lexington, Kentucky in September 1861 and the 1st Kentucky was forced to leave the state the brigade became known as the "Orphan Brigade". Hanson and his command were sent to help garrison Fort Donelson, Tennessee and were surrendered on 16 February 1862. Hanson would be held as a prisoner of war until he was exchanged on 27 August 1862 for Michael Corcoran, a colonel in the 69th New York who was captured at 1st Bull Run. Hanson was promoted to brigadier general on 13 December 1862. He commanded the 4th Kentucky brigade assigned to John C. Breckinridge's 1st division in William J. Hardee's Corps at Stones River. When the division was ordered by Braxton Bragg, the Army of Tennessee's commander, to make a suicidal assault on the Union lines on 2 January 1863 it is said that Hanson talked of going to army headquarters to kill Bragg for ordering such an assault. Instead he led his brigade in the assault and was mortally wounded. He died two days later on 4 January 1863.
A wonderful image of a Confederate officer smoking a cigar and holding a bottle of champaign or wine! The officer is wearing a top hat. He is also wearing a pistol in his holster on his side. He is wearing high boots and has a jaunty air about him. On the back of the image in ink is written "The Imperialized Confederate".
Offered is a nice image of General John Stuart Williiams. Williams fought in the Mexican War as well as served as a General in the Confederacy. Williams is wearing his Confederate general uniform in the image. The back mark on the cdv is E. & H.T. Anthony, New York.
Williams returned home following the war and went on to engage in agricultural pursuits, with his residence in Winchester, Kentucky.
He again became a member of the State House in 1873 and 1875. He ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Kentucky in 1875, and was a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1876. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1879 and served from March 4, 1879 to March 3, 1885. He failed in his reelection bid and returned to his agricultural pursuits.
A nice full standing photograph of an Indiana soldier holding his kepi and a saxhorn. The backmark on the image is "W.Evernden, Photographer, No. 89 Main St. Lafayette, Ind.". A nice band member photograph.
John A. Spofford - Bugler - 19 Massachusetts Infantry and 45 Massachusetts Infantry CDV
Item #: 14775
Click image to enlarge
A great photograph of bugler John A. Spofford of the 19th Massachusetts Infantry and the 45th Massachusetts Infantry. This photo is from his days in the 19th Massachusetts Infantry as noted by the "19" in the infantry horn on his hat. His trowsers are bloused and it looks like he is wearing camp shoes! There is no backmark.
John A. Spofford
Residence South Reading MA; a 34 year-old Pattern Maker.
Enlisted on 8/31/1861 as a Band Master.
On 8/31/1861 he mustered into Band MA 19th Infantry
He was discharged on 11/22/1861 at Camp Benton, Poolesville, MD
On 10/7/1862 he mustered into "I" Co. MA 45th Infantry
He was Mustered Out on 7/7/1863 at Readville, MA
born in Dracut, MA
Member of GAR Post # 40 (General H. G. Berry) in Malden, MA
Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc.:
NINETEENTH REGIMENT MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY THREE YEARS (Re-enlisted)
The 19th Regt. Mass. Vol. Inf. was organized at Camp
Schouler, Lynnfield, having for its nucleus the 1st Battalion
Rifles. The rest of the regiment came from Boston and
vicinity. By Aug. 28, 1861, the entire regiment had been
mustered into the service with Col. Edward W. Hinks as its
commander, and on that day it was forwarded to Washington,
arriving Aug. 30. Assigned to Gen. Lander's Brigade, Gen.
Stone's Corps of Observation, it picketed the Potomac during
the fall of 1861, advancing to Harrison's Island October 21 and
covering the retreat of the troops from Ball's Bluff. The
winter of 1861-62 was spent at Muddy Branch guarding the
Potomac in front of Darnestown and Rockville.
In March, 1862, the regiment, now in Dana's Brigade,
Sedgwick's Division, was sent to the Shenandoah, but shortly
afterward the entire division was ordered to the Peninsula
where it arrived Mar. 30, and was attached to Sumner's (2d)
Corps. It took part in the siege of Yorktown in April and was
engaged at Fair Oaks, June 25. At Glendale or Nelson's Farm,
June 30, it lost 145 officers and men of whom 33, including
Major Howe, were killed or mortally wounded.
Returning from Harrison's Landing to Alexandria the last
of August, early in September it joined in the advance toward
Frederick, Md. It arrived at South Mountain on the 14th just
after the battle was done. At Antietam, Sept. 17, it was
heavily engaged in the West Wood, suffering severe loss
including Col. Hinks who was badly wounded. At Fredericksburg,
Dec.11, the 19th was one of the regiments of Hall's Brigade,
Howard's Division, Couch's (2d) Corps that crossed the river
in boats under fire and fought their way through the streets of
the city. Two days later it was in the assault on Marye's
Heights, losing 104 officers and men including 8 color bearers,
23 being killed or mortally wounded. The winter of 1862-63 was
spent near Falmouth.
During the Chancellorsville campaign in May, 1863, with
Gibbon's Division the 19th was left in Fredericksburg in
support of Sedgwick's (6th) Corps and suffered small loss. At
Gettysburg, July 2 and 3, it was heavily engaged near the Clump
of Trees capturing four Confederate flags and losing nearly 50
per cent of its numbers. On October 14 it was engaged at
Bristoe Station, and again at Robertson's Tavern, November 27,
during the Mine Run expedition. It spent the winter at Cole's
Hill near Stevensburg. Here Dec. 20, 160 officers and men re-
enlisted for three years.
As a part of Webb's Brigade, Gibbon's Division, Hancock's
(2d) Corps the 19th was in action at the Wilderness, May 6, and
was heavily engaged at Spottsylvania, both in the assault on
the Bloody Angle, May 12, and in the general assault, May 18.
At North Anna, Totopotomoy, Cold Harbor, and in front of
Petersburg the regiment was engaged almost continuously until
June 22, when the 2d Corps was outflanked near the Jerusalem
Plank road, where the 19th lost all but 40 of its officers and
men. These, with a remnant received from the 15th Regt. And
many returned convalescents and recruits preserved the
regimental unit. In July and August it was present in both
actions near Deep Bottom and at Reams' Station. On August 30,
98 men whose terms of service had expired were discharged to
date from August 28, 1864.
The regiment was on duty in the forts and batteries around
Petersburg until October when it was engaged with loss at
Boydton Road. About Dec. 12, it was ordered to Fort Emory
where it remained until the spring campaign of 1865 opened. On
February 5 it was engaged at Hatcher's Run, and in April
participated in the final assault on Petersburg and the pursuit
of Lee's army toward Appomattox. After the surrender of the
Army of Northern Virginia the regiment, increased by recruits
to 20 officers and 645 enlisted men, marched back to Washington
city, and on June 30 was mustered out at Munson's Hill.
Returning to Massachusetts, on July 20 it was mustered for the
last time at Readville, and there paid off and discharged.
Source: Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors & Marines in the Civil War
FORTY-FIFTH REGIMENT MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA (INFANTRY) NINE MONTHS
The 45th Regt. Mass. Vol. Mill, or Cadet Regiment, was one
of the new militia regiments raised in response to the call of
Aug. 4, 1862, for nine months troops. It received the title by
which it was commonly known because of the fact that over forty
of the commissioned officers of the regiment were former
members of the Boston Cadets. Its commander, Col. Charles R.
Codman, had served as Captain and Adjutant of the Boston Cadets
during their period of service at Fort Warren in the early
summer of 1862.
Organized at Camp Meigs, Readville, in the early fall of
1862, the first eight companies of the 45th were mustered in on
the 26th day of September, and the other two, "I" and "K", on
the 7th of October.
On Nov. 5, the regiment embarked on the steamer
MISSISSIPPI for Beaufort, N. C., arriving at its destination on
the 15th. Transported by rail to Newbern, it was here assigned
to Amory's Brigade of Foster's Division. The regimental camp
was established on the banks of the Trent River near Fort
Gaston. Here the 45th remained, following the regular routine
of camp life, until Dec. 12, when it set out with Gen. Foster's
expedition to Goldsboro. Only eight companies took part in this
expedition, Co. "C" having been sent on special duty to
Morehead City, and Co. "G" to Fort Macon.
At Kinston, Dec. 14, the regiment had its first taste of
real war, losing 15 men killed and 43 wounded. At Whitehall,
Dec. 16, it was again engaged, losing 4 killed and 16 wounded.
At Goldsboro on the 17th the 45th was not in action, and on the
following day it began its return march to Newbern, arriving at
its former camp Dec. 21.
On January 17, 1863, the 45th started on a reconnaissance
to Trenton, returning on the 22d. From Jan. 26 to April 25 it
served as provost guard in the city of Newbern. During this
period, on March 14, occurred the Confederate attack on
Newbern, of which the 45th was an interested spectator but was
not called into action.
On April 27 it started with Amory's Brigade on an
expedition to Core Creek on the railroad toward Goldsboro. On
the following day it was sharply engaged, taking a Confederate
work which crossed the railroad near its intersection with the
Dover Road, and losing one man killed and four wounded.
This expedition being ended, the regiment returned to its
last camp, near Fort Spinola, just below Newbern, on the Trent.
Here it remained until June 24, when it proceeded to Morehead
City, a suburb of Beaufort, N. C., and there took transports
Arriving at its destination June 30, the regiment was
formally welcomed, then proceeded to its old camp at Readville
where it remained until its muster out of the service July 8.
Source: Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors & Marines in the Civil War
Lt. Col. Henry H. Granger - 10 Massachusetts Light Artillery - KIA - CDV
Item #: 14538
Click image to enlarge
A great 3/4 standing photograph of Captain/Major/Lt. Colonel Henry H. Granger of the 10th Massachusetts Light Artillery. In this photograph Granger is in his captains frock coat with sash, sword belt plate and rig, and cavalry saber. The photograph was taken by "Allen - 13 Winter St." as noted on the front of the CDV undr the photograph.
Granger enlisted in August 1862 as a 1st Lieutentant. He was wounded at hatcher's Run, Virginia on October 27, 1864 and died three days later on October30, 1864.
The 10th Massachusetts Light Artillery mustered out of service June 9, 1865 and was discharged on June 14, 1865.
Left Massachusetts for Washington, D.C., October 14. Duty at Camp Barry, defenses of Washington, October 17 to December 26, 1862. Moved to Poolesville, Md., December 26–28, and duty there until June 24, 1863. Moved to Maryland Heights June 24, then to Frederick City and Frederick Junction June 30-July 1. Marched to Williamsport July 8–11. Near Antietam Bridge July 12–14. Operations in Loudoun Valley July 17–31. Wapping Heights July 23. Near Warrenton July 26–31. At Sulphur Springs July 31-September 15. Near Culpeper September 17-October 10. Bristoe Campaign October 10–22. Auburn October 13. Near Fairfax Station October 15–19. At Catlett's Station October 21–30. At Warrenton Junction until November 6. Kelly's Ford November 7, At Brandy Station November 9–25. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. At Brandy Station December 3, 1863 to April 8, 1864, and at Stevensburg until May 3. Rapidan Campaign May–June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5–7. Spotsylvania May 8–12. Spotsylvania Court House May 12–21. Assault on the Salient, Spotsylvania Court House, May 12. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23–26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26–28. Totopotomoy May 28–31. Cold Harbor June 1–12. Before Petersburg June 16–18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864 to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22–23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James River July 27–29. Deep Bottom July 27–28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14–18. Ream's Station August 25. In the trenches before Petersburg in Battery 14 September 24 to October 24. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27–28. In Forts Stevenson, Blaisdell, and Welch until November 29. Movement to Hatcher's Run December 9–10. In Forts Emery and Siebert until February 5, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5–7. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Moved to Dabney's Mills March 30. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 8–9. Sailor's Creek April 6. Cover the crossing of II Corps at High Bridge, Farmville, April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Burkesville April 11–14. March to Washington, D.C., May 2–13. Grand Review of the Armies May 23.
The battery lost a total of 24 men during service; 2 officers and 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 16 enlisted men died of disease.
Captain George E. Blair - 17 Ohio Infantry - POW - CDV Type
Item #: 14813
Click image to enlarge
A nice bust up photograph of Captain George E. Blair, of the 17th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The period photograph is attached to a thinner piece of backing than the normal CDV and there is no backmark. Typed on paper is "George E. Blair, Captain 17th Ohio Vols.". The size of the backing is 2 1/2 inches by 4 3/8 inches. The photograph is Civil War period. The backing doesn't seem to be.
A great photograph showing Civil War fortifications at Manassas, Virginia. An Union officer sits on a barrel on the left side of the photograph and an Union enlisted soldier stands on the right. You can see a train and wagons in the background. The photgraph was taken by Matthew Brady Photographic group.. On the back of the CDV is "Brady's Album Gallery. No. 324. - FORTIFICATIONS AT MANASSAS.".
A nice bust up image of Major General Henry Warner Slocum, USA. Written in brown ink under the photo is "Slocum". The back of the image has no backmark but "Maj. Gen. Slocum" is written in period ink.
Major General Henry Warner Slocum (USA)
Henry Warner Slocum was born in Delphi, New York. He graduated from the United States Military Academy seventh of 43 cadets in the class of 1852. He tutored his roommate, Philip Sheridan, in mathematics. Slocum was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Artillery and served in the Seminole War and at Fort Moultrie in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1855 and resigned his commission in October 1856 to settle in Syracuse, New York. He was admitted to the bar in 1858 and practiced law in Syracuse. He served as the county treasurer and was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1859. He also served as an artillery instructor in the New York Militia with the rank of colonel.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, Slocum was appointed colonel of the 27th New York Infantry. He led the regiment as part of Colonel Andrew Porter’s 1st Brigade, Colonel David Hunter’s 2nd Division at the First Battle of Bull Run on 21 July 1861. The 27th New York suffered 130 casualties and Slocum was severely wounded in the left thigh.
On 9 August 1861, he was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers and commanded the 2nd Brigade of Brig. Gen. William B. Franklin’s 1st Division, Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell’s I Corps, during the Peninsula Campaign. During the Seven Days Battles, he commanded the 1st Division of Franklin’s VI Corps distinguishing himself at the Battle of Gaines’ Mill on 27 June 1862. V Corps commander Fitz-John Porter complimented Slocum’s division as “one of the best divisions in the Army.”
On 4 July 1862, Slocum was promoted to major general of volunteers, the second youngest man in the Army to achieve that rank. He led his division covering the retreat of Maj. Gen. John Pope after the Second Battle of Bull Run on 29-30 August. At Crampton’s Gap during the Battle of South Mountain on 14 September, Slocum assaulted the enemy line behind a stone wall and routed it. Franklin described the victory as “the completest victory gained up to that time by any part of the Army of the Potomac.”
On 20 October 1862, Slocum was promoted to command of the XII Corps replacing Maj. Gen. Joseph K. Mansfield who was killed at the Battle of Antietam. He led the corps in the Fredericksburg Campaign but was not involved in the fighting at Fredericksburg. At the Battle of Chancellorsville on 1-5 May 1863, Slocum commanded the Union right wing, including the XII Corps, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade’s V Corps, and Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard’s XI Corps. Slocum maneuvered his wing into the read of Robert E. Lee’s army, halting the Confederate advance.
Slocum was not considered for command of the Army of the Potomac following Joseph Hooker’s resignation and his junior in rank George G. Meade assumed command. Slocum played a decisive role at Gettysburg. His XII Corps held Culp’s Hill on the Union right ensuring Meade’s ultimate victory against Lee. However, Slocum has been criticized by historians for not immediately coming to Howard’s XI Corps aid on 1 July 1863. Recently uncovered information seems to vindicate Slocum. He immediately sent Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams’ 1st Division to aid Howard at Gettysburg and prepared the rest of his corps to move despite an order from Meade that morning ordering Slocum to “halt [his] command where this order reach[ed] [him].”
When Slocum reached Gettysburg, he outranked Howard and Winfield Scott Hancock and commanded the Union army for about six hours until Meade arrived after midnight. During this time, he formed the Union defensive lines. When Meade asked if the army should attack or await the attack of the enemy, Slocum recommended to “stay and fight it out.”
On 2 July, Meade ordered Slocum to send the entire XII Corps to assist the defense against Lt. Gen. James Longstreet’s assault on the left flank. Slocum wisely held back Brig. Gen. George S. Greene’s brigade on Culp’s Hill. The 1,350-man brigade held out against a massive Confederate assault saving the critical hill for the Union.
After Gettysburg, Howard’s XI Corps and Slocum’s XII Corps under Joseph Hooker were sent to relieve the Army of the Cumberland at Chattanooga, Tennessee. Slocum sent two letters of resignation to President Lincoln when he learned he would be serving under Hooker. A compromise was reached where one division of XII Corps would remain under Slocum’s command to protect the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad while the other served directly under Hooker.
During the summer of 1864, Slocum commanded the District of Vicksburg and the XVII Corps of the Department of the Tennessee. Slocum’s administration of the district was so efficient and successful that attempts to transfer to a fighting command in Georgia were prevented by Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.
When Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson was killed during the Atlanta Campaign, command of the Army of the Tennessee opened up. Hooker was passed over and he resigned his commission. John A. Logan and Howard would command the Army of the Tennessee. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman selected Slocum to command the new XX Corps made up of the remnants of XI and XII Corps. When Atlanta fell, Slocum and his corps were the first to enter the city on 2 September 1864. He was occupation commander for 10 weeks and tried to make the occupation tolerable for the civilians. At the start of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign, Sherman left Slocum with 12,000 troops in Atlanta as Sherman pursued Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood.
During Sherman’s March to Sea, Slocum commanded the newly created Army of Georgia, composed of the Brig. Gen. Jefferson C. Davis’ XIV Corps and Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams’ XX Corps, operating as the left wing. Sherman’s right wing was the Army of the Tennessee commanded by Howard. The men travelled light foraging for supplies on the march to Savannah, Georgia. Slocum took the surrender of the city on 21 December 1864, and then set up fire guards and prevented the city from being damaged. Slocum recommended cutting off Confederate Gen. William J. Hardee’s corps, but Sherman rejected the plan and Hardee escape to fight again at Bentonville.
During the Carolinas Campaign, Slocum’s army was heavily engaged at the Battle of Averasborough on 15-16 March 1865, and the Battle of Bentonville, on 19 March, where Slocum successfully held off a surprise assault by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Johnston surrendered on 17 April. Slocum then commanded the Department of the Mississippi from April through September 1865. He resigned and returned to Syracuse, New York.
Slocum ran as the Democratic candidate for Secretary of State of New York in 1865 but was defeated by fellow Gettysburg General Francis C. Barlow. He was elected as a Democrat to the 41st and 42nd Congresses (4 March 1869 – 3 March 1873). Slocum took an active interest in military and veterans’ affairs. He worked in Congress for the exoneration of Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter who was court-martialed after the Second Battle of Bull Run. Slocum gave a strong speech on Porter’s behalf in Congress on 18 January 1884.
He was appointed Commissioner of the department of city works of Brooklyn, New York in 1876. He was again elected in 1882 as a representative-at-large to the 48th Congress. He remained friends with Sherman until Sherman’s death and both he and Howard planned Sherman’s funeral and were pall bearers along with old foe Joseph E. Johnston. Henry Slocum died on 14 April 1894 in Brooklyn, New York.