Grand Army of the Republic
State Badges
1 New Jersey Brigade Crampton Pass 50th Anniversary Badge

A great badge worn by a veteran of the First New Jersey Brigade at the 50th anniversary of the battle of Crampton Pass in 1912.  The badge has a heavy metal backing with an insert which says "VETERAN".  A blue, beige, and blue ribbon is attached to the hanger.  Written on the ribbon is "50th Anniversary Battle of Crampton Pass - 31st Reunion of Kearny's First New Jersey Brigade Society - Camden, N.J. - Sept. 14, 1912".  The likeness of a Sixth Corp badge is in the center of the ribbon.   The badge was made by the Sommer Badge Manufacturing Company of Newark, New Jersey as noted on the makers label attached to the back of the ribbon.  There is a small piece of museum quality acid free tapeon the upper part of the back ribbon.  The badge is approximately 6 1/8 inches tall and 2 3/8 inches wide. 

First New Jersey Brigade

Through the course of the Civil War, the brigade was composed entirely of units from New Jersey, the only Union brigade during the war to be constituted as such. Its origins were on May 4, 1861, when New Jersey was directed by the Federal government to fill a quota of three infantry regiments to serve a three-year term of enlistment. Recruitment took place for the new regiments all over the state, and on May 21, 1861, the 1st New Jersey Volunteer Infantry was mustered into the Union Army at Camp Olden in Trenton, New Jersey, under Maj. Theodore T. S. Laidley of the United States Regular Army. The 1st New Jersey was then followed into Federal service by the 2nd New Jersey Volunteer Infantry (May 28, 1861) and the 3rd New Jersey Volunteer Infantry.

On June 28, 1861, the three newly created three-year regiments began the journey to Virginia, where in June they were joined with a brigade of three-month enlistment New Jersey Militia regiments to form a division commanded by Brig. Gen. Theodore Runyon. This was the first time the New Jersey regiments officially formed the brigade. During the First Bull Run Campaign, most of the brigade saw service in the field guarding train hubs, supply depots and roadways, being considered too "green" to be reliable in combat. However, a few companies of the 1st and 2nd New Jersey Infantries were directed to help stem the retreat at Centreville, Virginia, after the Confederates routed General Irvin McDowell's forces at Manassas, Virginia, on July 21, 1861. They were unsuccessful, and many officers and men retreated in the rout as well.

In August 1861, the 4th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry was recruited and added to the First New Jersey Brigade after its muster into service. From that point on, the four regiments and their later remnants would serve together until the end of the war and their final discharge.

Later service

As the war progressed, more regiments were added to the brigade, but in keeping with its tradition, they were New Jersey units. In September 1862, the nine-month enlistment unit 23rd New Jersey Volunteer Infantry and the three-year 15th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry were added, with the 23rd New Jersey serving until June 1863 and the 15th New Jersey serving until the end of the war. On April 19, 1864, the 10th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry "Olden's Legion" was added. In March 1865 the 40th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry—the last raised by the state—was brigaded with the original units.

The brigade saw its first pitched battle rather late, as it fought in the June 27, 1862, Battle of Gaines' Mill during the Seven Days Battles. There it sustained heavy casualties, with most of the 4th New Jersey being captured by Confederate forces. It then fought in the Second Bull Run Campaign, where it blundered into the entire Confederate army corps commanded by Major General Stonewall Jackson, and at Crampton's Gap during the Battle of South Mountain, where it redeemed its honor by making a triumphant charge up the hill. Later engagements included Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania,Cold Harbor, Strasburg, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek.

Regiments

First New Jersey Infantry
Service in brigade: June 1861–June 3, 1864
153 killed or died of wounds and 99 died of disease or accidents

Second New Jersey Infantry
Service in brigade: June 1861–May 21, 1864
96 killed or died of wounds and 69 died of disease or accidents

Third New Jersey Infantry
Service in brigade: June 1861–June 3, 1864
157 killed or died of wounds and 81 died of disease or accidents

Fourth New Jersey Infantry
Service in brigade: June 1861–June 22, 1865
161 killed or died of wounds and 105 died of disease or accidents

Tenth New Jersey Infantry "Olden Legion"
Service in brigade: April 19, 1864–June 22, 1865
93 killed or died of wounds and 190 Died of disease or accidents

Fifteenth New Jersey Infantry "Fighting Fifteenth"
Service in brigade: September 30, 1862–June 22, 1865
240 killed or died of wounds and 132 died of disease or accidents.

Twenty-Third New Jersey Infantry
Service in brigade: October 8, 1862–June 27, 1863
35 killed or died of wounds and 55 died of disease or accidents

Fortieth New Jersey Infantry
Service in brigade: February 2, 1865–July 13, 1865
2 killed or died of wounds and 17 died of disease or accidents

Commanders

The brigade's first commander was Brig. Gen. Philip Kearny, whose training and discipline molded the regiments into an effective fighting unit. He was succeeded by George W. Taylor, who was Colonel of the 3rd New Jersey. Taylor was promoted to brigadier general soon after assuming command of the brigade. After his mortal wounding at the Second Battle of Bull Run, the leadership of the brigade went to Alfred Thomas Torbert, who was serving as Colonel of the 1st New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. Subsequent commanders were Col. Henry Brown (3rd New Jersey), Col. William H. Penrose (15th New Jersey), and Capt. Baldwin Hufty (4th New Jersey).

Medal of Honor recipients

Six soldiers from the First New Jersey Brigade received the Medal of Honor for bravery:

  • 1st Lieutenant William Brant, Jr. - 1st New Jersey Veterans Battalion
  • Corporal Charles F. Hopkins - 1st New Jersey Volunteer Infantry
  • Corporal Edmund English - 2nd New Jersey Volunteer Infantry
  • Sergeant John P. Beech - 4th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry
  • Captain Forrester L. Taylor - 23rd New Jersey Volunteer Infantry
  • Private Frank E. Fesq - 40th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry
The Battle of Crampton Pass

In the aftermath of his great victory at Second Bull Run, Robert E. Lee was determined to launch an invasion of the North. He hoped that a similar victory on northern soil would weaken the North’s resolve, and possibly encourage Maryland to rise and join the Confederacy. Lee convinced Jefferson Davies to approve his plan, and at the start of September Lee’s victorious army crossed the Potomac.

Once in the north, Lee became concerned about the 13,000 strong Federal garrison of Harper’s Ferry. He decided that he could not risk leaving that garrison in his rear. To capture it he took the decision to split his army. Two thirds of the army, under Stonewall Jackson, was sent to capture Harper’s Ferry, while he remained further north with the rest of the army. Lee was taking a massive risk. He assumed that the Federal army defeated at Bull Run would take weeks to be recover, especially with George McClellan restored to command. He had repeated demonstrated a slow, cautious attitude during the Peninsula Campaign, and Lee expected more of the same.

He was wrong. McClellan had taken over a beaten army, but not a demoralised or unorganised one. McClellan soon had an army 70,000 strong on the move towards Lee. He also had a stroke of luck when a copy of Lee’s order for the move against Harper’s Ferry was discovered on 13 September. McClellan received this piece of luck at Frederick, less than twenty miles from Harper’s Ferry, where the garrison was still holding out.

Even with this information in hand, McClellan still did not move quickly. He was nearly always convinced that whatever army he commanded was badly outnumbered – here he was convinced that Lee had at least 100,000 men, twice the real number. Accordingly, he did nothing on 13 September other than issue orders for a movement on the following day.

The main barrier that faced McClellan was South Mountain. This mountain runs north from the Potomac, reaching the river just east of Harper’s Ferry. McClellan’s men would have to force their way through Confederate held passes before they could engage Lee or go to the relief of Harper’s Ferry. Worse for the garrison of Harper’s Ferry, McClellan decided to make his main attack at Turner’s and Fox’s Gaps (Battle of South Mountain). Success here would bring McClellan up against Lee’s smaller section of the Confederate army.

A smaller force, 12,000 men under Major-General William B. Franklin, was sent to Crampton’s Gap, further south. This force might not have been big enough to defeat Jackson’s entire force around Harper’s Ferry, but it was easily big enough to deal with that part of Jackson’s force that had remained north of the Potomac, which was no more than 8,000 strong, and thus to rescue the garrison. However, Crampton’s Gap was also defended. First, Franklin would need to fight his way through the pass.

This should not have been a problem. He was opposed by three brigades from the force that had been sent against Harper’s Ferry, a total of 2,200 men. Even by his own account, Reynolds was able to get 6,500 men into action at Crampton’s Gap. Despite this numerical advantage it took Reynolds most of 14 September to fight his way through the pass. He suffered 533 casualties during the battle (113 dead, 418 wounded and 2 missing), and probably inflicted twice that many (he captured 400 prisoners). However, the victory came too late in the day to achieve its aim. The next morning, when Reynolds made a tentative move towards Harper’s Ferry, he decided that he was too weak to attack the Confederate forces north of the river. In any case it was by then too late. Harper’s Ferry surrendered early on the morning of 15 September.


Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $125.00 USD

McMillen Post No. 122, South Charleston, Ohio Pin Back

A nice pin back worn by Union veterans who were members of the McMillen Post No. 122 of South Charleston, Ohio.  The pin back has a woman holding a U.S.flag putting a wreath on a G.A.R. monument.  Written around the graphics is "McMillen Post No. 122, Ohio".  The badge was made by the Sommer Badge Manufacturing Company of Newark, New Jersey as noted in the back of the pin back.  The pin is approximately 1 1/4 inches wide.

Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $35.00 USD

10 New York Heavy Artillery Pin Back

A nice pin back worn by G.A.R. members who supported DeWitt C. Hurd of New York for the Department of New York Commander.  DeWitt C. hurd was in the 10th New York Heavy Artillery from 1862 until 1865.  This neat pin has a photo likeness of Hurd in the middle of the pin.  Written around the photo likeness is "For Department Commandr G.A.R. - DeWitt C. Hurd".  The badge was made by the Sommer Badge Manufacturing Company, Newark, New Jersey.  The pin back is approximately 1 3/4 inches wide.

Dewitt C. Hurd

Residence was not listed; 21 years old.

Enlisted on 8/8/1862 at Ellisburgh, NY as a Private.

On 8/19/1862 he mustered into "E" Co. NY 10th Heavy Artillery 
He was Mustered Out on 6/23/1865 at Petersburg, VA


Promotions:
* Qtr Master Serg 9/11/1862 
* Sergt Major 2/14/1865 


Intra Regimental Company Transfers:
* 9/11/1862 from company E to Field & Staff 


Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc.:

Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $35.00 USD

Lewis S. Pilcher, U.S. Army Steward New York Pin back

A neat pin back worn by G.A.R. members who supported Lewis S. Pilcher for the Department of New York Commander, G.A.R.  The pin has a likeness of Pilcher in the middle.  Pilcher is wearing four badges in the photo.  One is a Mollus medal and another is a one star G.A.R. officers badge.  I can't quite tell the other two badges.  The pin back is approximately 1 1/4 inches wide.  It was made by the Whitehead & Hoag Company of Newark, New Jersey.  Written around the likeness is "For Department Commander - Lewis S. Pilcher - U.S. Grant Post 327".


Lewis S. Pilcher

Residence was not listed; 
Enlisted on 3/1/1862 as a Hospl Steward.

On 3/1/1862 he mustered into US Army Hospl Stewards 
He was discharged (date not stated)
 (Estimated date of enlistment)

Other Information:
born in 1845
Member of GAR Post # 327 (U. S. Grant) in Brooklyn, NY
Held GAR Offices:
* National Rules & Regs Committee for 1931
died in 1934 
Buried: Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, NY

The following was submitted by:  Research by Jack R. Box, CemeteryWorks.com

Lewis S. Pilcher is a famous surgeon / author / journal editor.
he wrote several books on treating wounds [with graphic illustrations]
his bio indicates 
- he was a hospital orderly
- he was a Navy surgeon in the Civil War era; 
  albeit, it may have been post war

the SUVCW grave registration reports him 
  hospital orderly, regular army



Lewis S. Pilcher, surgeon general


      New York

      served 5 years as a Navy surgeon

      M.D. ( 1845–1934), who served for 50 years as the first editor of the Annals of 
      Surgery.

      Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York 

      GAR US Grant Post
Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc.:

Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $35.00 USD

Monongahela Veterans Memorial Pin Back

A neat pin back worn by veterans at the Monongahela, Pennsylvania veteran's memorial.  The pin back has the monument in the middle of the pin.  Written around the monument is "Veterans Memorial - Monongahela, PA".  A Union shield is underneath the words "Monongahela, PA".  The pin back was made by the Whitehead & Hoag Company of Newark, New Jersey as noted in the back of the pin back.  The pin back is approximately 7/8 inches wide.

Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $35.00 USD

Monongahela, Pennsylvania Soldier's Memorial Pin Back

A nice celluloid pin back worn by veterans at the Monongahela Soldier's Memorial in Monongahela, Pennsylvania.  The likeness of the memorial is in the middle of the pin back.  Written around the likeness is "Monongahela Soldier's Memorial - May 30th".  The badge is made by the American Art Works, Coshocton, Ohio as noted in the back of the pin back.  The pin back is approximately 7/8 inches wide.

Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $35.00 USD

Johnny Clem, the Drummer Boy of Chickamauga, 1933 Pin Back

A neat pin back from the 1933 Grand Army of the Republic Department of Ohio 67th Annual Encampment held in Newark, Ohio.  The pin back has Major General John L. Clem's likeness in the middle of the pin back.  Written around the likeness is "67th Annual Encampment - Dept. Ohio G.A.R. - Maj. Gen. John L. Clem - Newark, Ohio  June 18 - 22, 1933".  The pin back is approximately 1 1/2 inches wide.  The pin back was made by the Lilley Company, Columbus, Ohio as noted in the back of the pin back.

John Clem
Drummer Boy of Chickamauga
Civil War
/
Union
DATE OF BIRTH - DEATH
August 13, 1851 – May 13, 1937

When President Abraham Lincoln in May 1861 issued the call for volunteers to serve in the Union army for a three year term, one of those who tried to answer was Ohio resident John Clem. Not yet 10 years old, Clem’s service was refused by the newly formed 3rd Ohio. Undeterred, Clem later tried to join the 22nd Michigan, where his persistence won over the unit’s officers. They agreed to let him follow the regiment, adopting him as a mascot and unofficial drummer boy. The officers also chipped in to pay his monthly salary of $13 before he finally was allowed to officially enlist in 1863.

Clem became a national celebrity for his actions at Chickamauga. Armed with a musket sawed down for him to carry, Clem joined the 22nd Michigan in the defense of Horseshoe Ridge on the afternoon of September 20. As the Confederate forces surrounded the unit, a Confederate colonel spotted Clem and shouted either “I think the best thing a mite of a chap like you can do is drop that gun” or called him a “damned little Yankee devil,” according to various sources. Rather than surrender, Clem shot the colonel and successfully made his way back to Union lines. For his actions, Clem was promoted to sergeant, the youngest soldier ever to become a noncommissioned officer in the U.S. Army, and became known as the “Drummer Boy of Chickamauga.”

Clem’s legend grew following the battle, although some stories may be apocryphal. One holds that his drum was destroyed at the Battle of Shiloh, earning him the nickname “Johnny Shiloh” and serving as inspiration for the song, “The Drummer Boy of Shiloh.” However, the 22nd Michigan, Clem’s unit, was not mustered until the summer after the Battle of Shiloh, making it unlikely Clem saw action in the battle with that regiment.

Clem went on to fight at Perryville, Murfreesboro, Kennesaw and Atlanta, where he was wounded twice. Clem was discharged from the Army in 1864 at age 13, but sought to rejoin the military in 1870. Nominated to West Point by President Ulysses S. Grant, Clem failed the entrance exam several times before Grant appointed him a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army. Clem enjoyed a successful second military career, rising to the rank of colonel and assistant quartermaster general by 1906. He retired on the eve of U.S. entry into World War I with the rank of major general, the last Civil War veteran to actively serve in the U.S. Army. Clem died in 1937 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery


Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $45.00 USD

Captain Henry M. Neil, Ohio Light Artillery Pin Back

A pin back worn at the 1934 Grand Army of the republic, Department of Ohio Annual Encampment held in Columbus, Ohio.  The imagein the middle of the pin back is Captain henry M. Neil.  Captain Neil enlisted in January, 1862 in the 11th Ohio Light Artillery.  On April 28. 1863 he was transferred to the 22nd Ohio Light Artillery.  The pin back is approximately 1 1/2 inches wide.  Written around Captain Neil's image on the pin back is "68th Annual Encampment - Dept. of Ohio G.A.R. - Capt. Henry M. Neil - Columbus, Ohio June 17 - 21, 1934".

11th Ohio Independent Battery Light Artillery

Online Books
11th Ohio Independent Battery Light Artillery Soldier Roster - Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 10, by Ohio Roster Commission (Joseph B. Foraker, Governor, James S. Robinson, Sec'y of State and H. A. Axline, Adjutant-General), 1886     View Entire Book

Regimental History
Eleventh Independent Battery Light Artillery. — Capts., Archibald G. A. Constable, Frank C. Sands, Fletcher E. Armstrong; First Lieuts., Henry M. Neil, Cyrus Sears, William M. Wynne; Second Lieuts., William D. Linn, David A. Southworth, William K. Perrine, Amos B. Alger, William Bush, Milon D. Whaley, John A. McArthy. This battery was mustered into service Oct. 27, 1861, at St. Louis arsenal, Mo., by Lieut. George B. Sanford, 1st U. S. cavalry, to serve for three years, aggregating 151 men, rank and file. Its first actual service was with the New Madrid expedition, from which it brought in 2 Confederate 6-pounder guns as trophies of its success, and then it remained in camp until April 12, improving the time by drilling in field maneuvers. During the siege, and in the battles and skirmishes resulting in the evacuation of Corinth, the battery bore its full share. In September it went into action at Iuka, 102 strong, and during the engagement was charged three different times, suffering a loss of 2 officers and 55 men killed or wounded, 18 being killed on the field and others dying afterward. Not a man flinched and numbers were killed or wounded after the Confederates had passed the muzzles of the guns, some of them nobly dying in the attempt to spike their pieces. But, severely as the battery suffered in this engagement in the loss of men and equipments, it was in a short time again ready for the field and took a prominent part in the battle of Corinth, nobly maintaining its reputation for efficiency and gallantry and suffering a loss of 5 men wounded during the action. During the siege of Vicksburg it was held in reserve and participated in several expeditions to the rear, fighting as occasion required. On the day of the capitulation it was camped at Snyder's bluff on the Yazoo river. The battery was mustered out on Nov. 5, 1864.

 22nd Ohio Independent Battery Light Artillery

Online Books
22nd Ohio Independent Battery Light Artillery Soldier Roster - Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 10, by Ohio Roster Commission (Joseph B. Foraker, Governor, James S. Robinson, Sec'y of State and H. A. Axline, Adjutant-General), 1886     View Entire Book

Regimental History
Twenty-second Independent Battery Light Artillery. — Capts., Henry M. Neil, Amos B. Alger; First Lieuts., George W. Taylor, Peter Cornell, Harvey Burdell, Silas H. Towler; Second Lieuts., Jacob M. Sharp, William West. A section of this battery was organized April 1, 1863, and placed on duty at Wheeling, W. Va., and in Holmes county, Ohio. This section was brought back to Camp Chase on June 19, 1863, the organization completed, and mustered into service on July 14, 1863, by Capt. J. L. Proctor of the 18th U. S. infantry, to serve for three years. The battery was sent to Parkersburg, W. Va., and thence to Wheeling. From Wheeling it moved to Hancock, Md., in support of Gen. Kelley, and then returned to Parkersburg, sending out detachments in pursuit of Gen. Morgan, then on his raid through Indiana and Ohio. After the capture of Morgan the battery returned to Camp Chase. On Aug. 12, 1863, it marched to Camp Nelson, Ky., and on Sept. 1 marched toward Cumberland gap. It arrived in front of the gap on Sept. 7, and took part in the operations which compelled its surrender. On Jan. 3, 1864, a detachment under command of Lieut. A. B. Alger, in company with a force of 350 cavalry, while on a reconnoissance at Jonesville, Va., was compelled to surrender after 12 hours' fighting, for want of ammunition. On Feb. 14, 1864, Lieut. George W. Taylor was murdered by a Confederate citizen, near Barboursville, Ky., and on June 21, 1864, Peter Cornell was killed by Confederate guerrillas, near Cumberland gap. On June 27, 1864, the battery was ordered to Knoxville, Tenn., and on July 5, 1865, it was ordered to Camp Chase, Ohio, where it was mustered out on the 13th, in accordance with orders from the war department. 

Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $40.00 USD

105 Ohio Infantry Captain M.W. Wright Pin Back

A nice pin back with the likeness of Captain Marshall W. Wright of the 105th Ohio Infantry.  Written around the likeness of Captain Wright is "Capt. M.W. Wright, Q.M. 105th O.V.I.".  The pin back is approximately 1 1/4 inches wide.  It was made by the Ehrman Manufacturing Company of Boston, Massachusetts as noted on the back of the pin back.  

105th Ohio Volunteer Infantry

From Dyer's Compendium

105th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Cleveland, Ohio, and mustered in August 20, 1862. Ordered to Covington, Ky., August 21, 1862; thence to Lexington, Ky., August 25. March to relief of Nelson August 30. Retreat to Louisville, Ky., September 1-15. Attached to 33rd Brigade, 10th Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 33rd Brigade, 10th Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 5th Division (Centre), 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 5th Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-12. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. March to Munfordsville, Ky., October 12, and duty there till November 30. Expedition to Cave City October 31 and November 26. Moved to Bledsoe Creek November 30. Operations against Morgan December 22, 1862, to January 2, 1863. March to Nashville, Tenn., thence to Murfreesboro January 3-11, and duty there till June. Expedition to Auburn, Liberty and Alexandria February 3-5. Expedition to Woodbury March 3-8. Vaught's Hill, near Milton, March 20. Expedition to McMinnville April 20-30. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. Hoover's Gap June 24-26. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Shellmound August 21. Reconnoissance toward Chattanooga August 30-31. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Demonstrations on Dalton, Ga., February 22-27, 1864. Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's Roost Gap and Rocky Face Ridge February 23-25. Reconnoissance from Ringgold toward Tunnel Hill April 29. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstrations on Rocky Face Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Operations against; Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-15. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Fayetteville, N. C., March 11. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Mustered out June 3, 1865. Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 104 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 7 Officers and 126 Enlisted men by disease. Total 240.

Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $40.00 USD

76 Illinois Infantry "Last Officer" Pinback

A great pin back with a photo of Sylvanus C. Munhall, the last officer survivor of the 71 officers of the 76 Illinois Infantry.  In the middle of the pin back is S.C.Munhill with a child.  Written around the photo is "S.C. Munhall (Urchin) 89 - Last Survivor of 71 Officers - 76th Illinois".  The size is approximately 1 3/8 inches wide.  Munhall mustered in to the 76th Illinois Infantry on August 22, 1862 and mustered out on July 22, 1865.  He lived until 1943.

History of the 76th Illinois Infantry

 The seventy-sixth Illinois Volunteer Infantry was organized at Kankakee, Illinois, in August, 1862, by Colonel A. W. Mack, and was mustered in August 22d, 1862. Immediately after its muster it was ordered to Columbus, Kentucky, at which place it arrived August 29th, and soon after was armed with Enfield Rifle Muskets Remained at Columbus, drilling and doing fatigue and picket duty, until October 4th, when the Regiment was ordered to Bolivar, Tenn., by rail, at which place it arrived October 5th, and camped near the city until November 3d, when the Regiment with other troops was moved to La Grange, Tenn., and remained there until November 28th, when it was sent with General Grant on his campaign along the Mississippi Central Railroad; was at Holly Springs on the 29th and at Waterford on the 30th, doing its part in driving Price's army southwest.

The Fourth Division of the Thirteenth Army Corps, to which the Seventy-sixth belonged, remained near Waterford contending with fierce storms and fathomless mud until December 11th, when it continued its march southward, crossing the Tallahatchie River, passing through Abbyville and Oxford, and halting near Springdale, until December 22d, when the information was received that the Rebel General VanDorn had captured Holly Springs in the rear of the army and destroyed a large quantity of supplies and cut off all communication with the North.

The entire command was about faced and proceeded northward, living off the country and at times on extremely short rations. After several days slow marching and much speculation in the entire absence of northern news as to what was to become of the regiment and the army and the country, Holly Springs was entered on the 5th of January, 1863, at which place it remained until January 10th, witnessing many extensive conflagrations.

The Seventy-sixth was the last regiment leaving the city. It marched out about sunset, and the Rebels hovering around in the vicinity occupied the city immediately upon its exit. The Regiment arrived at Moscow on the evening of January 11th and remained there until February 5th, on full rations. At this place the Regiment received official information of the resignation of Col. Mack, who was at that time absent from the Regiment. Lieut. Col. Busey was soon after promoted to Colonel.

On February 5th, the camp of the Regiment was moved, through snow and mud, about ten miles, to the village of Lafayette, where it remained until March 10th, when after a three days' march it arrived at Memphis, Tenn., where it remained until May 13th, when it embarked with other troops on a fleet of steamers and moved down the Mississippi River. The steamer Fort Wayne carrying the Seventy-sixth, was fired into in the night by a band of Guerrillas from the Arkansas shore. Two men were wounded and the boat disabled. The Regiment landed in the morning and burned the buildings on the plantations in the vicinity. The disabled boat was towed down the river with the fleet to Young's Point, Louisiana, where it landed May 17th.

On the 18th the Regiment marched across the Point to the river below Vicksburg and embarked for Grand Gulf, and returned to Young's Point on the 29th and immediately embarked for Chicasaw Bayou, on the Yazoo River, at which place it debarked on the same day; was engaged in closing up the lines in the rear of Vicksburg until after the charge, when it was placed on the left of the besieging lines, and bravely held its place close under the Rebel guns until the final surrender July 4th. On the 5th of July the Regiment moved with Sherman's army against Jackson, Miss., skirmishing with the enemy at Big Black River and at Champion Hills. At Jackson the Rebels under Johnson made a stand and engaged our forces from the 12th to the 16th, the Seventy-sixth occupying the extreme right of the attacking forces.

On the morning of the 17th the city was found vacated by the Rebels and the Union troops occupied it immediately. The Regiment left Jackson July 21st and arrived at Vicksburg on the 23d, remaining there until August 11th, when it embarked and moved down the river to Natchez, landing there on the 12th. Remained there in camp until the latter part of November, when it was ordered back to Vicksburg, where it went into camp about eight miles from the city at Camp Cowan. Enjoyed life at this camp until January 31, 1864, then moved about three miles to Camp Hebron. On February 3d the Seventy-sixth started with General Sherman on his Meridian campaign and was on the move continually until March 4th, when the expedition returned and the Regiment rested at Camp Hebron until April 5th, when it moved to Big Black River Bridge, and was on duty there until April 27th, when it returned to Vicksburg and camped on the high hills surrounding the city.

On the 4th of May the Regiment accompanied an expedition, commanded by General McArthur, to Yazoo City, and participated in the battles of Benton, Vaughn's Station and Deasonville, and drove the enemy from Yazoo City, and occupied the place several days. On the night of May 17 a large portion of the city was burned. The Regiment returned to Vicksburg May 21, and occupied its camp on the hills until June 26, when it was moved to Mount Albans, on the railroad between Vicksburg and the Big Black River. On the 28th moved back to Vicksburg and camped near its old quarters. On July 1, 1864, the Regiment started on an expedition to Jackson, commanded by General Slocum. On its return the command was met between Jackson and Clinton by the enemy, and a sharp battle was fought on the 6th, and renewed on the 7th, when the Seventy-sixth, which bore a prominent part in the engagement, was cut off from the balance of the command, but cut its way out, losing one hundred and two men, sixteen of whom were reported killed and left on the field, and eighty-six wounded and missing. The Regiment returned to Vicksburg July 9, much fatigued. On July 29 the Regiment embarked, and was run down the river on a marine boat to Morganzia; landed there, and remained camped along the levee until August 23, when it was embarked and was transported down the river to Port Hudson; landed and marched, with five days' rations, in great haste, night and day, to Clinton, expecting to annihilate the enemy in that vicinity, but he fled before the Yankee hosts. The Regiment returned to Morganzia, arriving there August 29, foot-sore and weary.

On September 3 the Regiment embarked on the steamer Nebraska, and moved up the Mississippi River to the mouth of White River, landed and camped on the Arkansas shore, and remained until October 18, when it was ordered to Memphis, Tenn., but returned October 28, and occupied quarters there until November 7, when it embarked and moved up White River to Duvall's Bluff, Arkansas, where it built neat log cabins, and fixed to stay; but, in obedience to orders, it broke up its pleasant camp on the 28th , embarked, and was landed at Memphis, Tenn., on the 30th, and camped on the environs of the city; remained there until December 31, 1864, and was then ordered to embark on the steamer Niagara for New Orleans, at which place it arrived January 4, 1865, and went into camp a few miles above the city, at Kenner, behind the levee, where the mud was almost fathomless. Remained there until February 12, when the Regiment was ordered to embark on Gulf steamers and proceed across the Gulf to Mobile Point. The Regiment was divided, and carried on three different crafts. The George Peabody carried the Regimental Headquarters, with four companies of the Seventy-sixth, and parts of other regiments, and a large number of horses, mules and wagons. A terrible storm on the Gulf nearly wrecked the craft. The horses, mules and wagons were consigned to the deep, and the boat was barely gotten back to the Mississippi River with its human freight. Went back to New Orleans, crossed over to Lake Pontchartrain, embarked on the steamer Alice Vivian, and moved by the lakes to Fort Morgan, and from there to Fort Barrancas, near Pensacola, Florida, where the Regiment was again united, February 18, and went into camp, and remained there until March 11, when the camp was moved to Pensacola. On March 20, the Regiment started with General Steel's expedition to Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely, near Mobile Alabama. Traveled through pine swamps, corduroying the quicksand roads as it moved along, and fighting the enemy in front, until April 1, when the Army approached Blakely, and on the 2nd drove the enemy inside his fortifications. General Steel's forces united with General Canby's and General Granger's, from Fort Morgan. On April 8 Spanish Fort was captured, and April 9 the Seventy-sixth participated in the charge on Fort Blakely, capturing the entire garrison. The colors of the Seventy-sixth were the first planted on the enemy's works. The Regiment lost in this, the last battle of the war, seventeen killed and eighty-one wounded. Among the latter was the colonel of the Regiment, who was painfully wounded while gallantly leading his men in the assault.

The Regiment camped inside the fortifications until April 20, when it was transported to Mobile. On the 22d of April the regiment accompanied a fleet of steamers, loaded with soldiers, up the Alabama River, General Steel in command; landed at Selma, Alabama, April 28; remained there until May 11, and was then ordered back to Mobile, and camped near the city. Remained there doing duty until the latter part of June, when it was ordered to Galveston, Texas, where it remained until July 22, and was then mustered out, and ordered to Chicago, Illinois, where it was paid off and disbanded August 4, 1865.

The Regiment had traveled over ten thousand miles. Received one hundred and fifty-six recruits, who were transferred, on its muster out, to the Thirty-seventh Illinois Infantry. The Regiment's commanders were: Colonel Alonzo W. Mack- Mustered in August 22, 1862. Resigned January 7, 1863 Colonel Samuel T. Busey - Mustered in August 22, 1862. Promoted May 11, 1863 The Regiment's size of approximately 1000 men was comprised of the following organizations: Regimental Headquarters - Field and Staff Ten Companies: Company A, Company B, Company C, Company D, Company E, Company F, Company G, Company H, Company I, Company K, and Unassigned Recruits.

Summary of Campaigns, Battles and Engagements:

  • General Grant's campaign along the Mississippi Central Railroad - November 1862 - January 1863
    • engaged at Holly Springs and Waterford - November 29 30
  • Siege and fall of Vicksburg - May - July 1863
    • assaults on Vicksburg May 19 22
    • engaged in closing up the lines in the rear until after the charge
    • placed on the left of the besieging lines
    • held its place close under the Rebel guns until their final surrender July 4, 1863
  • General Sherman's campaign against Jackson, Mississippi - July 1863
    • advance on Jackson - July 4 10
    • skirmishes at Big Black River and Champion Hills - July 4 5
    • assault on Jackson - engaged by the Rebels under Johnson - July 12 16
    • regiment occupied the extreme right of the attacking forces
  • Expedition to Harrisonburg , Louisiana - September 1863
    • capture of Port Beauregaard - September 4
  • General Sherman's Meridian campaign - February - March 1864
    • Champion Hills - February 5
    • Meridian - February 14 15
  • General McArthur's expedition to Yazoo City - May 1864
    • actions at Benton, Vaughn's Station, Deasonville , Big Black River Bridge, Yazoo City
  • General Slocum s expedition to Jackson, Mississippi - July 1864
    • engaged between Jackson and Clinton, Louisiana - lost 102 men (16 killed, 86 wounded and missing)
  • Expedition to Clinton, Louisiana - August 1864
  • Moves to White River, Duvall's Bluff, Arkansas, Memphis - September - December 1864
  • Moves to New Orleans, Mobile Point, Fort Barrancas , Florida - December 1864 - February 1865
  • General Steel's expedition from Pensacola - March - April 1865
    • occupation of Pollard - March 26
    • siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely , Alabama - April 1 8
    • capture of Spanish Fort - April 8
    • assault and capture of Fort Blakely
    • the last battle of the war - April 9
      lost 17 killed and 81 wounded. Colors of the 76th the first planted on the enemy works.
    • occupation of Mobile - April 12
    • occupation of Selma, Alabama - April 28 - May 11
  • Move to Galveston, Texas - June - July 1865
    • mustered out July 22. Ordered to Chicago, Illinois for pay and disbandment

ORGANIZATIONAL ASSIGNMENTS:

Attached to:

District of Columbus, Kentucky August 22 to October, 1862

District of Jackson, Mississippi

  • 2nd Brigade, 4th Division to November, 1862

Department of the Tennessee

  • 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, Right Wing, 13th Army Corps to December, 1862
  • 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps to January, 1863
  • 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 16th Army Corps to July, 1863
  • 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 13th Army Corps to August, 1863
  • 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps to April, 1864
  • 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps to August, 1864

Department of the Gulf

  • 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps to December, 1864

Military Division - West Mississippi

  • 2nd Brigade, Reserve Division to February, 1865
  • 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Reserve Corps to February, 1865
  • 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 13th Army Corps, New to July, 1865

Known Regimental Casualties - 426

  • Killed and Mortally Wounded in Battle - 52
  • Wounded & Missing in Battle - 167
  • Died of Disease - 207


Price: $40.00 USD (Sale Pending)

6 Ohio Cavalry 1898 Pin Back with Major B.C. Stanhope

A neat pin back worn by a member of the 6th Ohio Cavalry at their reunion in 1898 at Warren, Ohio.  An image of Major B.C. Stanhope is in the middle of the pin back.  Written around the image of Major Stanhope is "33rd Annual Reunion, 6th O.V.V. Cav. - Warren, O., Oct. 4th, 1898. - Major B.C. Stanhope.".  The pin back is approximately 1 1/4 inches wide.  The manufacturer of this pin back was the Whitehead & Hoag Company, Newark, New Jersey.

From Dyer's Compendium

6th Regiment Cavalry. Organized at Warren, Ohio, October 7, 1861. Duty at Warren till January, 1862, and at Camps Chase and Dennison, Ohio, to May, 1862. Moved to Wheeling, W. Va., May 13, thence to Strasburg, Va., and Join Fremont's army. Attached to Mountain Department to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to July, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 1st Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to May, 1865. Dept. of Virginia to August, 1865.
SERVICE.--Strasburg, Va., June 1, 1862. Woodstock June 2, Mr. Jackson June 4. New Market June 5. Harrisonburg June 6. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Near Mt. Jackson June 16. Rapidan River August 3-4 and 12. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 16-23. Kelly's Ford August 21. Catlett's Station August 21-22. Fant's Ford, Great Run, August 23. Thoroughfare Gap and Haymarket August 28. Battle of Bull Run August 29-30. Expedition from Centreville to Bristoe and Warrenton Stations September 25-28. Reconnoissance to near Warrenton October 12. Thoroughfare Gap October 17-18. Haymarket October 19 (Detachment). Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad November 10-12. Reconnoissance from Chantilly to Snicker's Ferry and Berryville November 28-30. Berryville November 30. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15 (Detachment). Scout to Luray Valley December 22. Kelly's Ford March 17, 1863. Stoneman's Raid April 27-May 8. Brandy Station, Stevensburg, Beverly Ford, June 9. Aldie June 17. Middleburg June 19. Upperville June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Monterey July 4. Smithburg July 6. Williamsport and Hagerstown July 6-7. Boonsboro July 8. Jones' Cross Roads near Williamsport July 10 and 13. Hagerstown July 11-13. Falling Waters July 14. Jones' Cross Roads July 15. Barber's Cross Roads September 1. Scout to Middleburg September 10-11. Advance from the Rapidan to the Rappahannock September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Rapidan Station September 15. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Warrenton or White Sulphur Springs October 12-13. Auburn Bristoe and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. New Hope Church November 27. Reconnoissance to Front Royal January 1-4, 1864. Custer's Raid into Albemarle County February 28-March 1. Near Charlottesville February 29. Stannardsville March 1. Burton's Ford, Rapidan River, March 1 (Detachment). Rapidan Campaign May 3-June 15. Todd's Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness May 6-7. Todd's Tavern May 7-8. Corbin's Bridge May 8. Sheridan's Raid to the James River May 9-24. Childsburg and Davenport May 9. North Anna May 9-10. Ashland, Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook's Church or fortifications of Richmond May 12. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Haw's Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor May 31-June 7. Sumner's Upper Bridge June 2. Sheridan's Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Mallory's Cross Roads June 12. Black Creek or Tunstall Station and St. Peter's Church, White House, June 21. St. Mary's Church June 24. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 24, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Warwick Swamp July 12, 1864. (Poolesville, Md., July 12, Detachment.) Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom and Malvern Hill July 27-28. Lee's Mills July 30. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad, August 20-21. Dinwiddie Road near Ream's Station August 23. Ream's Station August 25. Arthur's Swamp and Poplar Grove Church September 29-October 2. Expedition into Surrey County October 16-19. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Stony Creek Station December 1. Reconnoissance to Hatcher's Run and skirmishes December 8-10. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Amelia Springs and Jettersville April 5. Sailor's Creek April 6. Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. Duty in Sub-District of the Appomattox, Dept. of Virginia, till August. Mustered out August 7, 1865. Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 52 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 177 Enlisted men by disease. Total 238.

Benjamin C. Stanhope

Residence was not listed; 25 years old.

Enlisted on 10/3/1861 as a Captain.

On 10/3/1862 he was commissioned into "B" Co. OH 2nd Cavalry 
He was discharged for promotion on 4/1/1863

On 4/1/1863 he was commissioned into Field & Staff OH 6th Cavalry 
He died of wounds on 6/25/1863


He was listed as:
* Wounded 6/17/1863 Aldie, VA (Severe wound in right elbow)


Promotions:
* Major 4/1/1863 (As of 6th OH Cavalry)


Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $65.00 USD

75 New York Infantry 1924 Reunion Badge

A nice badge worn by a member of the 75th New York Infantry at their 1924 reunion held in Auburn, New York.  The hanger is a metal ring which holds a pinback.  On the pinback is an eagle, Liberty Bell, Revolutionary War soldiers, and the Declaration of Independence.  Attached to the hanger is a blue ribbon.  Written on the ribbon is "44th Annual Reunion 75th N.Y. Volunteers - June 27th, 1924 - Auburn, N.Y.".  The badge is approximately 6 7/8 inches long by 2 inches wide.

75th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Auburn Regiment; Cayuga County Regiment

History

Mustered in: November 26, 1861
Mustered out: August 23, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. John A. Dodge, was organized at Auburn, received its numerical designation November 14, 1861; and was mustered in the service of the United States (nine companies), at Auburn, for three years, November 26, 1861. The men were recruited principally in the counties of Cayuga and Seneca. Company K joined the regiment June 24, 1862, having left the State June 13, 1862. In April, 1864, a new Company K was again organized to take the place of the one consolidated with the other companies April 10, 1864. The men entitled to be discharged at the expiration of the term of service were, November 19, 1864, ordered to Auburn, and there honorably discharged December 7, 1864; the regiment was continued in service, but consolidated, November 19, 1864, into a battalion of five companies, A, B, C, D and E; the men of Company H being transferred to Company A; those of I to Company B; of K to Company C; of G to Company D; and those of F to Company E. In April, 1865, the 31st Independent Company of Infantry joined the battalion as its Company F.
| The regiment (nine companies) left the State December 6, 1861; served at Santa Rosa Island and Fort Pickens, Fla., from December, 1861; at Pensacola, Fla., from May, 1862; at New Orleans, La., Department of the Gulf, from September, 1862; in Weitzel's Reserve Brigade, Department of the Gulf, from October, 1862; in 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from January, 1863; in Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from August, 1863; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from September, 1863; was mounted and joined the 3d Cavalry Brigade in October, 1863; on veteran furlough in January and February, 1864, the non-veterans, about 90 men, serving with Companies K and L, I4th Cavalry, and rejoining the regiment June 28, 1864; the veteran regiment left for Washington, D. C., 22d Corps, as infantry, April 2, 1864; for Department of the Gulf, May 20, 1864; served in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 19th Corps, from June 4, 1864; with the Army of the James, from 21st to 31st of July, 1864; in the Shenandoah valley from August, 1864; left for Savannah, Ga., January II, 1865; served in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Corps, from February, 1865; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, Department of Georgia, from March, 1865; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Robert P. York, August 31, 1865, at Savannah, Ga.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 50 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 42 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 109 enlisted men; total, 4 officers, 201 enlisted men; aggregate, 205; of whom 10 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy; and it, or portions of it.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Seventy-fifth Infantry.—Cols., John A. Dodge, Robert B. Mer-ritt, Robert P. York; Lieut.-Cols., Robert P. York, William M. Hosmer, Robert B. Merritt, Willoughby Babcock; Majs. Willoughby Babcock, Lewis E. Carpenter, Benjamin F. Thurber, William M. Hosmer, Charles H. Cox. The 75th, known as the Auburn regiment, was composed mainly of members from Cayuga and Seneca counties, and was mustered into the service of the United States at Auburn, for a three years' term, Nov. 26, 1861. It embarked for the south on Dec. 6; was stationed at Santa Rosa island and Fort Pickens, Fla., during its first winter in the service, and formed part of the garrison of Pensacola during the summer of 1862. While here Co. K joined the regiment, which was ordered to New Orleans in September. It was assigned to Weitzel's reserve brigade, which had a brisk fight at Georgia landing. Upon the organization of the 19th corps in Jan., 1863, the regiment became a part of the 2nd brigade, 1st division and moved to Bayou Teche, La. It lost 17 in an engagement at Fort Bisland in April, and in the assaults on Port Hudson, May 27 and June 14 it lost 107 in killed, wounded and miss-.ing, the 1st division bearing the brunt of the fight. After the surrender of Port Hudson, July 9, the troops performed garrison duty. From August to September, the regiment served with the reserve brigade of the 1st division; in September it was assigned to the 3d brigade of the same division; in October it was mounted and attached to the 3d cavalry brigade, and during the winter a sufficiently large number of the men reenlisted to secure the continuance of the 75th as a veteran regiment. While the reenlisted men were on furlough, the remainder of the regiment served with the 14th N. Y. cavalry and rejoined the regiment June 28, 1864. At Sabine Pass, the regiment lost 85 killed, wounded or missing and during Nov., 1863, it was stationed near New Iberia and Camp Lewis, La. In March, 1864, the command entered upon the Red River campaign and in July it was ordered to New Orleans. After the regiment was reunited, in June, 1864, it served until the middle of July with the 1st brigade, 2nd division, 19th corps, and then embarked for Virginia, where it became a part of the Army of the James and joined in the pursuit of Gen. Early in the Shenandoah Valley. It was engaged at Halltown, the Opequan, where the loss was 73 killed, wounded and missing, at Fisher's hill and Cedar creek, where it also suffered severely. The original members not reenlisted were mustered out at Auburn, N. Y., Dec. 6, 1864, and the veterans and recruits consolidated into a battalion of five companies, which was ordered early in Jan., 1865, to Savannah, Ga., and assigned to the 1st brigade, 1st division, 10th corps. The regiment served at Savannah until August, and in April, received the veterans and recruits of the 31st independent company N. Y. infantry. It was mustered out at Savannah, Aug. 3, 1865, having lost 106 by death from wounds, and 109 from other causes.


Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $65.00 USD

75 New York Infantry 1926 Reunion Badge

A super badge worn by a member of the 75th New York Infantry at their 1926 reunion held at Auburn, New York.  The badge has a "T bar" attached to a red, white, and blue ribbon.  Written on the ribbon is gold colored ink is "46th Annual Reunion 75th N.Y. Volunteers - June 29th 1926 - Auburn, N.Y. - Our Liberty Bell".  A celluloid disk is attached to the ribbon.  The Liberty bell is on the disk.  The badge was made by the Bastian Bros. Company, Rochester, New York.  

75th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Auburn Regiment; Cayuga County Regiment

History

Mustered in: November 26, 1861
Mustered out: August 23, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. John A. Dodge, was organized at Auburn, received its numerical designation November 14, 1861; and was mustered in the service of the United States (nine companies), at Auburn, for three years, November 26, 1861. The men were recruited principally in the counties of Cayuga and Seneca. Company K joined the regiment June 24, 1862, having left the State June 13, 1862. In April, 1864, a new Company K was again organized to take the place of the one consolidated with the other companies April 10, 1864. The men entitled to be discharged at the expiration of the term of service were, November 19, 1864, ordered to Auburn, and there honorably discharged December 7, 1864; the regiment was continued in service, but consolidated, November 19, 1864, into a battalion of five companies, A, B, C, D and E; the men of Company H being transferred to Company A; those of I to Company B; of K to Company C; of G to Company D; and those of F to Company E. In April, 1865, the 31st Independent Company of Infantry joined the battalion as its Company F.
| The regiment (nine companies) left the State December 6, 1861; served at Santa Rosa Island and Fort Pickens, Fla., from December, 1861; at Pensacola, Fla., from May, 1862; at New Orleans, La., Department of the Gulf, from September, 1862; in Weitzel's Reserve Brigade, Department of the Gulf, from October, 1862; in 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from January, 1863; in Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from August, 1863; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from September, 1863; was mounted and joined the 3d Cavalry Brigade in October, 1863; on veteran furlough in January and February, 1864, the non-veterans, about 90 men, serving with Companies K and L, I4th Cavalry, and rejoining the regiment June 28, 1864; the veteran regiment left for Washington, D. C., 22d Corps, as infantry, April 2, 1864; for Department of the Gulf, May 20, 1864; served in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 19th Corps, from June 4, 1864; with the Army of the James, from 21st to 31st of July, 1864; in the Shenandoah valley from August, 1864; left for Savannah, Ga., January II, 1865; served in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Corps, from February, 1865; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, Department of Georgia, from March, 1865; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Robert P. York, August 31, 1865, at Savannah, Ga.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 50 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 42 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 109 enlisted men; total, 4 officers, 201 enlisted men; aggregate, 205; of whom 10 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy; and it, or portions of it.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Seventy-fifth Infantry.—Cols., John A. Dodge, Robert B. Mer-ritt, Robert P. York; Lieut.-Cols., Robert P. York, William M. Hosmer, Robert B. Merritt, Willoughby Babcock; Majs. Willoughby Babcock, Lewis E. Carpenter, Benjamin F. Thurber, William M. Hosmer, Charles H. Cox. The 75th, known as the Auburn regiment, was composed mainly of members from Cayuga and Seneca counties, and was mustered into the service of the United States at Auburn, for a three years' term, Nov. 26, 1861. It embarked for the south on Dec. 6; was stationed at Santa Rosa island and Fort Pickens, Fla., during its first winter in the service, and formed part of the garrison of Pensacola during the summer of 1862. While here Co. K joined the regiment, which was ordered to New Orleans in September. It was assigned to Weitzel's reserve brigade, which had a brisk fight at Georgia landing. Upon the organization of the 19th corps in Jan., 1863, the regiment became a part of the 2nd brigade, 1st division and moved to Bayou Teche, La. It lost 17 in an engagement at Fort Bisland in April, and in the assaults on Port Hudson, May 27 and June 14 it lost 107 in killed, wounded and miss-.ing, the 1st division bearing the brunt of the fight. After the surrender of Port Hudson, July 9, the troops performed garrison duty. From August to September, the regiment served with the reserve brigade of the 1st division; in September it was assigned to the 3d brigade of the same division; in October it was mounted and attached to the 3d cavalry brigade, and during the winter a sufficiently large number of the men reenlisted to secure the continuance of the 75th as a veteran regiment. While the reenlisted men were on furlough, the remainder of the regiment served with the 14th N. Y. cavalry and rejoined the regiment June 28, 1864. At Sabine Pass, the regiment lost 85 killed, wounded or missing and during Nov., 1863, it was stationed near New Iberia and Camp Lewis, La. In March, 1864, the command entered upon the Red River campaign and in July it was ordered to New Orleans. After the regiment was reunited, in June, 1864, it served until the middle of July with the 1st brigade, 2nd division, 19th corps, and then embarked for Virginia, where it became a part of the Army of the James and joined in the pursuit of Gen. Early in the Shenandoah Valley. It was engaged at Halltown, the Opequan, where the loss was 73 killed, wounded and missing, at Fisher's hill and Cedar creek, where it also suffered severely. The original members not reenlisted were mustered out at Auburn, N. Y., Dec. 6, 1864, and the veterans and recruits consolidated into a battalion of five companies, which was ordered early in Jan., 1865, to Savannah, Ga., and assigned to the 1st brigade, 1st division, 10th corps. The regiment served at Savannah until August, and in April, received the veterans and recruits of the 31st independent company N. Y. infantry. It was mustered out at Savannah, Aug. 3, 1865, having lost 106 by death from wounds, and 109 from other causes.


Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $55.00 USD

97 New York Infantry 1905 Reunion Badge

A nice, crisp badge worn by a member of the 97th New york Infantry at their 1905 reunion held in Canandaigua, New York.  The hanger of the badge is a celluloid pinback.  On the pinback is a photograph of E.H. Frary.  In the photograph, E.H. Frary is wearing a G.A.R. officers badge and what looks like a regimental badge.  Attached to the pinback is a red, white, and blue ribbon.  Written on the ribbon in silver type ink is "Company A - 97th N.Y. - G.A.R. Post No. 162 - Canandaigua, N.Y. - 1905".  The badge was made by the Whitehead & Hoag Company, Newark, New Jersey.

97th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Third Oneida; Boonville Regiment; Conkling Rifles

History

Mustered in: February 18, 1862
Mustered out: July 18, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. Charles Wheelock, was organized at Boonville, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years February 18, 1862. In May, 1863, it received by transfer the three years' men of the 26th Infantry; June 7, 1864, the men of the Sad Infantry, not mustered out with their regiment, and August 10, 1864, 103 men of the 94th Infantry. At the expiration of its term of enlistment, the men entitled thereto were discharged, and the regiment retained in service.
The companies were recruited principally: A and C at Boonville; B in Lewis county; D and F at Salisbury; E at Prospect and vicinity; G in Herkimer county; H at Utica and Lowville; I at Little Falls; and K at Rome.
The regiment left the State March 12, 1862; served in General Wadsworth's command, Military District of Washington, from March, 1862; in 2d Brigade, 2d Division, Department of Rappahannock, from May, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 3d Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 1st Corps, Army of Potomac, from September 12, 1862; in 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 1st Corps, Army of Potomac, from December, 1862; in 2d Brigade, same division and corps, from May, 1863; in same brigade and division, 5th Corps, Army of Potomac, from March, 1864; in 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 5th Corps, from May 9, 1864; in 2d Brigade, 2d Division, 5th Corps, from May 30, 1864; in 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 5th Corps, from June 6, 1864; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. John P. Spofford, July 18, 1865, near Washington, D. C.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 7 officers, 97 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 5 officers, 73 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 156 enlisted men; total, 13 officers, 326 enlisted men; aggregate, 339; of whom 54 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Ninety-seventh Infantry.—Cols., Charles Wheelock, John P. Spofford; Lieut.-Cols., John P. Spofford, Rouse S. Eggleston; Majs., Charles Northrup, Rouse S. Eggleston, Delos E. Hall. The 97th, called the Conkling Rifles, was recruited in Oneida and Herkimer counties and mustered into the U. S. service at Boonville, Feb. 19, 1862, for a three years' term. It left for Washington on March 12; was quartered at Fort Corcoran as part of Gen. Wadsworth's command until May, when it was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 2nd division, Department of the Rappahannock and moved into Virginia, where it occupied various posts in the neighborhood of the Rappahannock river; was engaged at Cedar mountain, and lost 111 in killed, wounded and missing in the Manassas campaign. On Sept. 12, the regiment, which had served with the 3d corps, was assigned to the 1st corps and fought in the 1st brigade, 2nd division at South mountain and Antietam, suffering in the latter battle the most severe loss of any battle of its service—24 killed, 74 wounded and 9 missing. At Fredericksburg the regiment was prominently engaged, but not at Chancellorsville in the following May. It marched with the corps to Gettysburg and distinguished itself by the brilliantly executed capture of the colors of the 20th N. C. and 382 prisoners'. On the southward march it was present at Bristoe Station, and was in the Mine Run movement. While in camp at Brandy station, a sufficient number reenlisted to secure the continuance of the 97th in the field as a veteran regiment. In June, 1864, it was joined by the veterans and recruits of the 83d N. Y. infantry and in August, by the 94th, the 26th N. Y. having already been added to it in May, 1863. During Grant's famous campaign the 97th served in the 3d and 2nd divisions, 5th corps. Its heaviest losses during this campaign and subsequent operations were in the Wilderness, at Spottsylvania and near the Weldon railroad, but it shared in other engagements Of the brigade at the North Anna river, Totopotomy, Cold Harbor, White Oak Swamp, before Petersburg, in the Hicks-ford raid and the Appomattox campaign. It was mustered out near Washington, July 18, 1865, having lost dulring service 182 by death from wounds and 157 by death from accident, imprisonment or dis-ease, of whom 54 died in captivity.


Edward Frary

Residence was not listed; 23 years old.

Enlisted on 8/25/1863 at Canandaigua, NY as a Private.

On 8/25/1863 he mustered into "A" Co. NY 97th Infantry 
He was discharged for wounds on 2/13/1865


He was listed as:
* Wounded 5/6/1864 Wilderness, VA (Ball passed through left shoulder, lung)


Other Information:
born 4/25/1840 in Lyndon, Cattaugus Co, NY
Member of GAR Post # 162 (Albert M. Murray) in Canadaigua, NY


(Or Fraey.  Wife: Emily Cross. Children: Nellie, Edward,
 Minnie)

Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc.:

Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $60.00 USD

2 New York Volunteer Cavalry - Harris Light Cavalry-1914 Reunion Badge

A neat badge worn by veterans of the Harris Light Cavalry, 2nd New York Volunteer Cavalry at their 1914 reunion held in Peerskill, NY on September 17.  The badge has a metal type hanger with the word "MEMBER" on a celluloid strip.  A beige color ribbon is attached to the hanger.  Written in blue ink on the ribbon is "24th Annual Reunion - Harris Light Cavalry Assoc'n (2nd N.Y. Vol. Cavalry) - Peerskill, N.Y. - Sept. 17, 1914".  A celluloid drop is attached to the ribbon.  A veteran's photo is on the disk and "Tenth Presidient" written under the photo.  The badge was made by the Whitehead & Hoag Company, Newark, New Jersey.  

2nd Cavalry Regiment
Civil War
Harris Light Cavalry; Seventh United States; New York State Cavalry

History
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

Mustered in: August 9 to October 8,1861
Mustered out: June 5, 1865

July 25, 1861, Co1. J. Mansfield Davies received authority from the War Department to recruit a regiment of cavalry. He recruited this regiment and organized it at Scarsdale; it was mustered in the service of the United States for three years, between August 9 and October 8, 1861. It was originally known as the Harris Light Cavalry; the War Department designated it, October 26, 1861, the 7th Regiment of Cavalry in the service of the United States, but when the regiment was turned over to the State as one of the State organizations, it was numbered the 2d Regiment of N. Y. Volunteer Cavalry. At the expiration of its term' of service those entitled thereto were discharged and August 29, 1864, the regiment was consolidated into a battalion of four companies, A, B, C and D, and, composed of veterans and recruits, retained in the service. In September and October, 1864, eight new companies joined, raising the battalion to a regimental organization again; these companies had been recruited for a service of one year.

The companies were recruited principally: A at New York city, Hartford, Conn., and Newton, N. J.; B at Newton and Deckertown, N. J., and at Newburgh, Troy, Watertown and Port Jervis; C and D Connecticut Squadron at Hartford, Conn.; E at New York city, Troy, Fort Edward and Cambridge; F at Covington, Ind., Fairhaven, Vt., Troy and Richfield Springs; G at New York city, Newburgh and Fort Edward; H at Chambersburg, Ind.; I at Lafayette, Ind.; K at Scranton, Pa., Hampton, Newark and Rockaway, N. J.. New York city, Troy and Richfield Springs; L at New York city, Hudson, Troy, Fort Ann, Fort Edward and Litchfield; and M at New York city, Newburgh Plattsburgh and Port Henry. The companies raised in 1864 were recruited principally: E Ticonderoga Cavalry Company-at Plattsburgh and Ticonderoga; F at Elmira and Syracuse; G and H at Manlius, Rochester, Elbridge, Onondaga, Syracuse, Cicero, Pompey, DeWitt, Chenango, Spafford, Lafayette, Albany, Salina, Skaneateles and Geddes; I at Hart's Island, Kingston, Poughkeepsie, Jamaica, Tarrytown and Albany; K at Mt. Morris, Goshen, Farmington, Poughkeepsie, Avon, Hopewell and Elmira; Land M at New York city and Brooklyn.

The regiment left the State in September and October, 1861, and served in McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac, from October, 1861; with the 3d Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1862; with King's Division, Department Rappahannock, from May, 1862; in Cavalry Brigade, 2d Division, 3d Corps, Army of Virginia, from June, 1862; in Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac, from September, 1862 (Companies A and B, I and K, in 3d Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, in September and October, 1862); in Gregg's Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac, from December 15, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 3d Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, from February II, 1863 (a battalion with 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Corps, on the Peninsula, Va., from May to July, 1863); in 2d Brigade, 2d Division, Cavalry, Army of the Potomac, from June 14, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, from August 12, 1863; Cavalry, Army of the Shenandoah, from October, 1864, and with the Army of the Potomac from March, 1865. Commanded by Co1. Alanson M. Randol, Companies E, F, G, H, I and K were mustered out June 5, 1865, and the remainder of the regiment, June 23, 1865, at Alexandria, Va.

During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 7 officers, 67 enlisted men; died of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 47 enlisted men; died of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 246 enlisted men; total, 12 officers, 360 enlisted men; aggregate, 372; of whom 1 officer and 106 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.


Shipping Weight: 1 lb
Price: $75.00 USD

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