The 49th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment lost 9 officers and 184 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 168 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

SeptemberRecruited in the counties of Centre, Chester, Huntingdon, Miffin and Juniata and organized at Lewistown and Harrisburg under Colonel William Irwin, Lieutenant Colonel William Brisbane and Major Thomas Hulings
September 22Left State for Washington, D.C.
SeptemberDuty near Lewinsville, Va., Defenses of Washington, D.C., attached to Hancock’s Brigade, W. F. Smith’s Division, Army Potomac
MarchAttached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army Potomac
March 10-15Advance on Manassas, Va.
April 5-May 4Return to Alexandria and embark for the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown
April 16Lee’s Mills, Burnt Chimneys
MayAttached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac
May 5Battle of Williamsburg
May-JunePursuit to the Chickahominy River and picket duty
June 25-July 1Seven days before Richmond
June 27Garnett’s Farm
June 28
Golding’s Farm

The regiment lost 10 killed and 23 wounded in fighting on the 27th & 28th

June 29Savage Station
June 30White Oak Swamp Bridge
July 1Malvern Hill
At Harrison’s Landing

At one point 60 per cent of the regiment were on the sick list

August 16-27Movement to Centreville via Charles City Court House, Williamsburg, Big Bethel and Hampton, then by trasports to Alexandria.
August 27-31In works at Centreville
August 30Assist in checking Pope’s rout at Bull Run
August 31-September 1Cover retreat to Fairfax C. H.
September 6-24Maryland Campaign
September 10-11Sugar Loaf Mountain
September 14Crampton’s Pass, South Mountain
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Commanded by Lt. Colonel Willliam Brisbane

September-OctoberDuty in Maryland
October 15Lt. Colonel Brisbane resigned. Major Hulings was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John Miles of Company C to major
October 29-November 19Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
January 9Consolidated to four companies under Lieutenant Colonel Hulings. Colonel Irwin, Major Miles and other unneeded officers were ordered on recruiting service.
January 20-24“Mud March”
February-AprilAt White Oak Church. attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps
April 10Colonel Irwin returned to take command of the reinforced regiment.
April 27-May 6Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2
Operations at Franklin’s Crossing

Two privates were killed, Captain William Freeburn was mortally wounded and Colonel Irwin and eight other men wounded during the river crossing in pontoon boats.

April 29Bernard House
May 3Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg
May 3-4Salem Heights
May 4Banks’ Ford
MayAt White Oak Church
June 6-13Deep Run Ravine
July 2-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas M. Hulings. It brought 318 men to the field in four companies (A-D), suffering no casualties.From the monument:

The regiment made a continuous march from Manchester Md. arriving on the field the afternoon of July 2. Occupied this position in reserve from the morning of the 3rd until the enemy’s assault in the afternoon when it moved to support centre thence to Round Top.

July 10-13At and near Funkstown, Md.
July-OctoberDuty on line of the Rappahannock
October 9-22Bristoe Campaign
October 24Colonel Irwin resigns
November 7-8Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7
Rappahannock Station

The regiment and its brigade carried enemy earthworks in a bayonet charge which captured 1600 prisoners, four guns and eight battle flags, while losing 3 men killed and Captain Hutchinson, Lieutenant Stuart and 25 other men wounded.

November 19260 men reenlisted and were granted a 35 day furlough
November 26-December 2
Mine Run Campaign

Captain Quigly and 4 other men were wounded

DecemberDuty at Hazel River
April 22Lt. Colonel Hulings was promoted to colonel, Major Miles to lieutenant colonel, and Captain B.J. Hickman of Company B to major, effective to October 24
May 4-June 13Rapidan Campaign
May 3
Germania Ford

The regiment lost 11 killed and Lieutenant Decatur Lytle and 22 other men wounded

May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

In an unsuccessful assault, Colonel Hulings, Lt. Colonel Miles, Captain William Kephart, Lieutenants Lytle and Calvin De Witt and 61 enlisted men were killed, Captain Robert Barr mortally wounded, and Captain Stuart, Lieutenants Downing, Irvin, Russel, and Thompson, Adjutant Hilands and 195 enlisted men wounded. Major Hickman took over the regiment as senior surviving officer.

May 12
Assault on the Salient

Captains James Quigley and F. W. Wombacker and Lieutenant John Rogers were wounded. From May 4 – 14 the regiment lost 392 casualties, and at the end could muster only 130 men

May 23-26North Anna River
May 26-28On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31Totopotomoy
May 31-June 12
Battle of Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 8 killed amd Captains Wakefield and Hutchinson and 18 enlisted men wounded

June 15Major Hickman promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain A. W. Wakefield of Company A to major
June 17-19Before Petersburg. Siege of Petersburg begins.
June 22-23Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad
July 9-11Moved to Washington D.C.
July 12-13Repulse of Early’s attack on Washington
July 14-18Pursuit of Early. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Shenandoah
AugustSheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Attached to Reserve Division, Dept. West Virginia
SeptemberReturned to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Shenandoah
September 19
Battle of Opequan, or Third Battle of Winchester

Lieutenant Joseph Wallace and 10 enlisted men were killed and Captain John Thompson, Lieutenant Downing and 35 enlisted men wounded. A shell burst atop the regimental colors, destroying what little remained of it. Adjutant Hilands wrote, “As the line came on the plain, east of Winchester, we on the left had a full view of the whole field, and a magnificent sight it was. The enemy’s line was broken; his artillery, cavalry and infantry were in inextricable confusion, and having turned their backs were making fast time from the field, while off to the right was our own line, in perfect order, stretching away in the distance, steadily advancing in the bright sunlight, with colors, which looked more beautiful than ever, waving in triumph. It was worth three years’ hard service to be a participant in the battle of Winchester, under the command of Phil. Sheridan.”

September-OtcoberGuard duty at Winchester
October 26A new state color is presented to the regiment to replace the one destroyed at Winchester
October 29In the Shenandoah Valley
December 1Ordered to Petersburg, Va. and returned to the Army of the Potomac
December 5Into winter quarters at Fort Wadsworth, at the Weldon Railroad
March 25Advanced to relieve Fort Steadman, but was not needed
February 5-7
Battle of Dabney’s Mills, or Hatcher’s Run
March 28-April 9Appomattox Campaign
April 2Assault on and fall of Petersburg
April 6
Sailor’s Creek

Lieuteant G. E. Hackenberg was killed, Lieutenant John Rogers mortally wounded and Captain Wombacker wounded.Detached to escort prisoners after the battle

April 23-29March to Danville
April 30Duty at Danville
May 23Moved to Richmond, Va. then to Washington, D.C.
June 8Corps Review
June 9Duty at Hall’s Hill
June 28Lt. Colonel Hickman resigns
July 15Mustered out at Hall’s Hill