Offered is a nice CDV of General Richard S. "Dick" Ewell. The image is a bust shot of General Ewell in his Confederate uniform. The backmark is E..& H.T. Anthony, New York.
Richard Stoddert Ewell began his career after graduating 13th out of the 42 students of the American Military Academy’s class of 1840. He was sent to serve in the west with the 1st US Dragoons, and served in the Mexican-American War. During the war, he participated in the battles of Contreras and Churubusco, and received a promotion to captain for his gallantry. On May 7, 1861, he resigned from the United States Army, and entered the Confederate Army.
Ewell participated in a minor skirmish before the outbreak of fighting, and received a commission as a brigadier general on June 17, 1861. He commanded a brigade at the First Battle of Bull Run, but saw little combat. On January 24, 1862, he was promoted to major general and served alongside General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson through the Valley Campaign in Virginia. He protected Richmond during Union General George McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign, and commanded his troops successfully at the battles of Malvern Hill, Gaines’ Mill, the Seven Days Battles, and the Second Battle of Bull Run. At the Battle of Groveton, Ewell was severely wounded in the leg, which was amputated below the knee. After several months of recovery, Ewell returned to the army and participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville. On May 23, 1863, Ewell was promoted to lieutenant general to replace General Jackson, who had been mortally wounded at Chancellorsville.
Ewell then participated in the Battle of Gettysburg, but received criticism for his actions. Although he met with great success during the early portions of the battle on July 1, 1863, he did not continue to assault Union positions, which provided Union troops the time they needed to reorganize and prepare defenses. Although confusion exists as to why Ewell did not continue to attack the Union troops, many of the generals in Robert E. Lee’s army felt that Ewell actions helped lead to the Confederate defeat. Following the Gettysburg Campaign, Ewell performed well during the Battle of the Wilderness, but again received criticism for his inaction and indecisiveness at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. Following the battle, Ewell, who was suffering from health problems, was relieved of commanding his division, and sent to command the defenses of Richmond. During the retreat from Richmond, Ewell and his men were surrounded and captured at Sayler’s Creek on April 6, 1865. He remained imprisoned at Fort Warren for the remainder of the war.
Offered is a nice image of General Edward A. Johnson. General Johnson is in his Confederate generals uniform in the image. There is no backmark on the image.
Edward "Allegheny" Johnson (April 16, 1816 – March 2, 1873) was a United States Army officer and Confederategeneral in the American Civil War. Highly rated by Robert E. Lee, he was made a divisional commander under Richard S. Ewell. On the first evening of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1, 1863), Ewell missed his opportunity to attack Cemetery Hill, and Johnson opted against attacking Culp's Hill, for which he had a discretionary order, though he attempted this on the second and third days. Ewell and Johnson are blamed by many for the loss of this decisive battle.
After the outbreak of the Civil War, Johnson resigned his United States Army commission and received the rank of colonel in the 12th Georgia Infantry on July 2, 1861. The 12th Georgia fought in Gen. Robert E. Lee's first campaign in western Virginia, at the Battle of Greenbrier River. He was promoted to brigadier general on December 13, 1861, and received his nickname while commanding six infantry regiments in a battle on Allegheny Mountain. (This brigade-sized force was given the grandiose name "Army of the Northwest".)
In the winter of 1861–62, Johnson's army cooperated with Maj. Gen.Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson in the early stages of Jackson's Valley Campaign. While Jackson marched his army into the mountains of the present-day Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia to conduct raids on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Johnson was tasked with protecting against a Union invasion of the "upper," more elevated areas of the Shenandoah Valley near Staunton, Virginia. His Army of the Northwest constructed a series of breastworks and trenches atop Shenandoah Mountain which they named simply Fort Edward Johnson. At the Battle of McDowell, Johnson was severely wounded with a bullet to the ankle, which took a long time to heal. He returned to Richmond for his convalescence and remained there for nearly a year, active in the social scene. Although Johnson was a heavy-set, rough-looking, rude character who was still a bachelor at age 47, he had the reputation of a ladies' man. Due to a wound he received in Mexico, he was afflicted with an eye that winked uncontrollably, causing many women to believe he was flirting with them. He caused enough attention that he rated mentions in the famous diary of Mary Chesnut.
By May 1863, Johnson had recovered enough to lead his division in the Gettysburg Campaign. He still needed a heavy hickory stick to move around on foot (and was known to use it against men he believed were shirking battle) and his men nicknamed him "Old Clubby". On the way north into Pennsylvania, Johnson defeated Union Maj. Gen. Robert H. Milroy at the Second Battle of Winchester. Johnson arrived at the Battle of Gettysburg on the evening of the first day, July 1, 1863. In a move that is still controversial, Ewell did not take advantage of Johnson's division and attack Cemetery Hill immediately that evening, when it might have been decisive. Johnson controversially declined to attack Culp's Hill that evening, for which he had a discretionary order. Instead, Johnson's division was the primary force that attacked Culp's Hill on the second and third days, suffering considerable casualties assaulting this impregnable position multiple times with no lasting success. In the fall of 1863, Johnson played a prominent role in the Mine Run Campaign.
After the war, Johnson was a farmer in Virginia. He was active in Confederate veterans affairs, including early efforts to construct a monument to Robert E. Lee in Richmond. He died in Richmond and his body lay in state in the state capital until he was buried at Hollywood Cemetery.
General Milledge L. Bonham CDV - Confederate General & 70th Governor of South Carolina
Item #: 14999
Click image to enlarge
Offered is a nice CDV of General Milledge L. Bonham, Confederate general and 70th Governor of South Carolina. The image is nice. The carte has clipped corners and the backmark is E.&H.T. Anthony, New York.
In early 1861, the Southern states that had seceded from the Union appointed special commissioners to travel to those other slaveholding Southern states that had yet to secede. Bonham served as the Commissioner from South Carolina to the Mississippi Secession Convention, and helped to persuade its members that they should also secede from the Union.
He resigned his commission January 27, 1862, to enter the Confederate Congress. On December 17, 1862, the South Carolina General Assembly elected Bonham as governor by secret ballot. He served until December 1864. During his term, the General Assembly enacted a prohibition against distilling in 1863 and also that year, it demanded that more land be used to grow food instead of cotton to increase the supply of food in the state. Bonham rejoined the Confederate Army as brigadier general of cavalry in February 1865, and was actively engaged in recruiting when the war ended.
Near Greenville, South Carolina a group of troops positioned there, because of worry of federal invasion from North Carolina, named their emplacement, Camp Bonham, in his honor.
Dates of Rank
Major General (South Carolina Militia), February 10, 1861
Brigadier General, April 23, 1861
Brigadier General, February 20, 1865
Bonham owned an insurance business in Edgefield and in Atlanta, Georgia, from 1865 to 1878. Returning to politics, Bonham was again a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1865–1866 and a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1868. He was a member of the South Carolina taxpayers’ convention in 1871 and 1874. Retiring from public service, he resumed the practice of law in Edgefield and engaged in planting. He was appointed state railroad commissioner in 1878 and served until his death at White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. He was buried in Elmwood Cemetery in Columbia
Offered is a nice bust up view of General Fitzhugh Lee in his Confederate uniform. The backmark is E.&H.T. Anthony, New York.
The nephew of General Robert E. Lee, Fitzhugh Lee was born in Fairfax County, Virginia on November 19, 1835. He was the son of Sydney Smith Lee, who would later become a captain in the Confederate States Navy. Although close to his famous uncle, Lee is remembered as one of the South's finest cavalry commanders. Lee attended the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, graduating in 1856. After graduation, Lee fought as a cavalry officer in the Indian wars where he was severely injured. Following his recovery, he taught cavalry tactics at West Point and in 1861, when the Civil War began, he resigned his commission as 1st lieutenant in the U.S. Army.
He entered the Confederate Army as a lieutenant in the cavalry and served as a staff officer under General Richard S. Ewell. Within a short time he transferred to command of of the 1st Virginia Cavalry under Major General J.E.B. B. Stuart. At the age of twenty-seven, he was promoted to brigadier general on July 24, 1862. As a cavalry brigade commander, Lee performed well in the Maryland Campaign, covering the Confederate infantry's withdrawal from South Mountain, delaying the Union Army advance to Sharpsburg, Maryland, before the Battle of Antietam, and covering the army's recrossing of the Potomac River into Virginia. He conducted the cavalry action of Kelly's Ford (March 17, 1863) with skill and success, where his 400 troopers captured 150 men and horses with a loss of only 14 men. In the Battle of Chancellorsville in May 1863, Lee's reconnaissance found that the Union Army's right flank was "in the air", which allowed the successful flanking attack by Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. During the Battle of Gettysburg, his brigade fought unsuccessfully in the action at East Cavalry Field. J. E. B. Stuart's report singled out no officer in his command for praise except Fitz Lee, who he said was "one of the finest cavalry leaders on the continent, and richly [entitled] to promotion."
Following Gettysburg he fought under General Jubal Early in the Shenandoah Valley and was severely wounded during the Third Battle of Winchester. As the war neared an end and following the death of J. E. B. Stuart, he became General Robert E. Lee's Cavalry Corps commander.
After the war he spent many years as a farmer before entering politics, serving as the governor of Virginia from 1885 to 1889. Following this he served as consul general in Havana, Cuba from 1896 to 1898. When the Spanish-American War was imminent, he joined the U.S. Volunteer Army, entering as a major general in command of the VII Corps. He retired from the military in 1901.
He spent his postwar years in politics and farming. Fitzhugh Lee died in Washington, DC on April 28, 1905.
General Roger Hansom CDV KIA Stones River, Tennessee
Item #: 14449
Click image to enlarge
Offered is a great image of General Roger Hanson. The three quarters image shows Hanson in his Confederate colonels uniform. Written under the image is "Roger Hanson". The back mark on the cdv is E.&H.T. Anthony, New York. It is covered up by a 2 cent light blue Washington stamp.
Hanson was born 27 August 1827 in Clark County, Kentucky. He fought during the Mexican war as a member of a Kentucky volunteer regiment. Returning to Kentucky he studied the law and began a practice. He was wounded in the leg while fighting a duel. The injury earned him the nickname "Bench Leg". He tried his hand at politics running unsuccessfully for a seat in the US Congress from Kentucky's 8th district in 1857. During the secession crisis he took a conservative stance, backing John Bell in the 1860 presidential election.
Although he favored neutrality when the war began Hanson saw Union troops moving into his native state as an invasion and joined the Kentucky State Guard. He was named colonel in the guard on 19 August 1861. On 3 September 1861 when the state guard was incorporated into the Confederate army Hanson was named colonel of the 2nd Kentucky. He was given command of the 1st Kentucky brigade. His penchant for discipline earned him the nickname "Old Flintlock". When Union troops occupied Lexington, Kentucky in September 1861 and the 1st Kentucky was forced to leave the state the brigade became known as the "Orphan Brigade". Hanson and his command were sent to help garrison Fort Donelson, Tennessee and were surrendered on 16 February 1862. Hanson would be held as a prisoner of war until he was exchanged on 27 August 1862 for Michael Corcoran, a colonel in the 69th New York who was captured at 1st Bull Run. Hanson was promoted to brigadier general on 13 December 1862. He commanded the 4th Kentucky brigade assigned to John C. Breckinridge's 1st division in William J. Hardee's Corps at Stones River. When the division was ordered by Braxton Bragg, the Army of Tennessee's commander, to make a suicidal assault on the Union lines on 2 January 1863 it is said that Hanson talked of going to army headquarters to kill Bragg for ordering such an assault. Instead he led his brigade in the assault and was mortally wounded. He died two days later on 4 January 1863.
Offered is a nice image of General John Stuart Williiams. Williams fought in the Mexican War as well as served as a General in the Confederacy. Williams is wearing his Confederate general uniform in the image. The back mark on the cdv is E. & H.T. Anthony, New York.
Williams returned home following the war and went on to engage in agricultural pursuits, with his residence in Winchester, Kentucky.
He again became a member of the State House in 1873 and 1875. He ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Kentucky in 1875, and was a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1876. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1879 and served from March 4, 1879 to March 3, 1885. He failed in his reelection bid and returned to his agricultural pursuits.
A very nice, clean image of a Confederate officer with two stripes (1st Lieutenant) on his collar. The image has been nicely colorized with the buttons tinted gold and colorization on his cheeks. There is no backmark.
A veteran of the Mexican War, General John Hunt Morgan led the Lexington Rifles and joined General Simon Buckner's command when the Civil War started. From this point until his death three years later his exploits made him one of the legendary figures of the Confederacy. He was promoted colonel of th 2nd Kentucky Cavalry in April 1862 and brigadier general in December, 1862. His series of raids into Tennessee, Kentucky, Indian, and Ohio brought him the thanks of the Confederate congress. On his most famous raid through Ohio in 1863, he was captured. He escaped and was placed in command of the Department of the Southwestern Virginia. He bivouacked in Greeneville, Tennessee on the night of September 3, 1864, while in route to attack Federal forces in Knoxville. He was surprised by Union Cavalry and killed.
The image is a bust up image and has some fadding. The backmark is E.& H.T. Anthony, New York.
General Simon Bolivar Buckner was a Kentucky native who graduated West point in 1844. He earned two brevet promitins during the war with Mexico and resigned from the U.S. Regular Army in 1855 to pursue his private interests. At the outbreak of the war he was the adjutant general of the state of Kentucky. He accepted a commision in the Confederate Army in September 1861. He was left by Generals Floyd and Pillow to consumate the surrender of Fort Donelson. He was exchanged and led a division in Bragg's invasion of Kentucky and fought at Perryville. He moved to Mobile, Alabama to fortify it against the Union navy. He directed a corps at the battle of Chickamauga. After that he was promoted to Lieutenant General and he moved to the Trans-Mississippi. He was Kirby Smith's chief of staff.
The image is slightly faded and is attached to the back of the carte. The back of the image has a line around the edges and has "Buckner" written in pencil. General Buckner is seated and he is holding his sword.
After graduating in 1847 from West Point, Hill fought in Mexico and against the Seminoles. He resigned U.S. service in May 1861 and Entered Confederate service as Colonel of the 13th Virginia Infantry. He was appointed brigadier general in February 1862 and major general in May 1862. Hill was promoted lieuteneat general in May 1863. He was killed April 2, 1865 at Petersburg. The image has been rounded at the top and has an Anthony backmark.
Ambrose Powell Hill (1825-1865)
Known for his red battle shirt and his hard-hitting attacks at the head of the famed Light Division, Ambrose P. Hill proved to be an example of the Peter principle. A West Pointer (1847) and veteran artilleryman, he resigned as a first lieutenant on March 1, 1861, and joined the South, where his services included: colonel, 13th Virginia (spring 1861); brigadier general, CSA (February 26, 1862); commanding brigade, Longstreet's Division, Department of Northern Virginia (ca. February 26 - May 27, 1862); major general, CSA (May 26, 1862); commanding Light Division (in lst Corps from June 29 and 2nd Corps from July 27, 1862), Army of Northern Virginia (May 27, 1862 - May 2, 1863); commanding 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (May 2 and 6-30, 1863); lieutenant general, CSA (May 24, 1863); and commanding 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (May 30, 1863-May 7, 1864 and May 21, 1864-April 2, 1865). In reserve at lst Bull Run, he fought at Yorktown and Williamsburg before being given command of a division. On the day he assumed command he directed the fight at Hanover Court House. He then took part in the Seven Days, distinguishing himself. After fighting at Cedar Mountain, 2nd Bull Run, and the capture of Harpers Ferry, he launched powerful counterattacks at the right moment at both Antietam and Fredericksburg. At Chancellorsville he was on Jackson's famed march around the Union right flank. When Jackson was wounded, Hill took command of the corps but was wounded carrying out his chief's orders to "press right in." At the end of the month he was given command of the new 3rd Corps, which he led to Gettysburg where, suffering from a now unidentifiable illness, he put in a lackluster performance. He was responsible for the disaster at Bristoe Station that fall and, again ill, was virtually circumvented at the Wilderness when Lee in effect took over command of the corps. He relinquished command temporarily after the battle and missed Spotsylvania but returned for the North Anna and Cold Harbor. Taking part in the siege of Petersburg, he was again ill during part of the winter of 186465. With the lines around the city collapsing on April 2, 1865, he was shot and killed in an encounter with a stray group of federal soldiers. Interestingly enough, both Stonewall Jackson and Lee called for Hill and his division in their dying delirium. It must have been the old Hill they were recalling. (Hassler, William W., A.P. Hill: Lee's Forgotten General and Schenck, Martin, Up Came Hill.- The Story of the Light Division andof its Leaders) Source: "Who Was Who In The Civil War" by Stewart Sifakis
A nice bust image of General Jubal A. Early. A 1837 graduate of West Point, he fought in the Mexican War as a major of the Virginia volunteers. He entered Confederate service as a Colonel of the 24th Virginia Infantry. He was promoted to brigadier general after 1st Manassas, and major general in 1863. He became a lieutenant general in 1864. He fought most of his Confederate career in the Army of Northern Virginia. In 1864 he fought in the valley and put pressure on Washington, DC. The image has an "E. &H.T. Anthony" backmark. The image has been trimmed on the lower part of the CDV.
Jubal Early was born in Franklin County, Virginia on November 3, 1816,the third child of ten. When he was sixteen his mother died and the following year he received an appointment as a cadet to West Point. In 1837, he graduated 18th out of a class of 50. After serving in the army in the Seminole Wars in Florida, Early returned to Virginia where he studied law. After becoming a lawyer in 1840, he served in the Virginia Legislature during the 1841 and 1842 sessions. Though he lost reelection the following year, he received an appointment as prosecuting attorney, which he held until 1851. In 1844, Early mustered back into the army as a major. During the United States' war with Mexico, Early performed garrison duties, including a two month stint as military governor in Monterrey, Mexico. In April 1848, he once again was mustered out of service and returned home to continue his law practice.
Always an irascible officer, Jubal A. Early suffered overwhelming defeats in the Shenandoah Valley and went on after the conflict to wage a literary war with a fellow Confederate corps commander. A West Pointer (1837) from Virginia, Early had served one year in the artillery, and later in the Mexican War as a major of volunteers,before taking up law. Also involved in politics, he served in the legislature.
Although he voted against secession at the convention, he entered the military where his assignments included: colonel, 24th Virginia (early 1861); commanding 6th Brigade (in 1st Corps from July 20), Army of the Potomac June 20-October 22, 1861); brigadier general, CSA July 21, 1861);commanding brigade, Van Dorn's-D.H. Hill's Division (in Potomac District until March), Department of Northern Virginia (October 22, 1861-May 5, 1862); commanding Eizey's Brigade, Ewell's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia Uuly 1-September 17, 1862); commanding the division (September 17, 1862-November 1863; ca. December 4-15, 1863; February-May 7; and May 21-27, 1864); major general, CSA (April 2 3 to rank from January 17, 1863); commanding the corps (November-ca. December 4, 1863 and May 27-June 13, 1864); commanding Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia (December 15, 1863 February 1864 and June 13, 1864-March 29, 1865); commanding 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (May 7-21, 1864); and lieutenant general, CSA (May 31, 1864).
A couple of weeks later this command was sent back to the Valley and Early invaded Maryland, fighting at Monocacy and on the outskirts of Washington. Falling back to Virginia, he dispatched part off his cavalry to burn Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in retaliation for Union devastation. In September and October he was defeated in a series of disasters at the hands of Sheridan. The reverses at 3rd Winchester, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek ended his power in the Valley and the old 2nd Corps and was recalled to Lee in December.
However, Early remained with a small force that was destroyed at Waynesborough the following March. Lee then removed him, explaining that he was forced to by public reaction and the fact that he could not defend his subordinate without revealing how weak the Confederacy was. Early fled to Mexico but soon returned to practice law. He was connected with the Louisiana Lottery and was president of the Southern Historical Society. Becoming a defender of Lee, he feuded with Republican convert James Longstreet until his death.
Jonanthan R. Cleveland, Palmetto Sharpshooters & 4th SC Infantry Tintype
Item #: 13117
Click image to enlarge
Atintype of a hard to find member of the Palmetto Sharpshooters and the 4th South Carolina Infnatry. The image is of Jonathan R. Cleveland. Cleveland served in COmpany L of the Palmetto Sharpshooters. Cleveland served in the 4th South Carolina Infantry until selected to serve in the Palmetto Sharpshooters. Cleveland is on the list of members of the Palmetto Shrpshooters present at the Appomattox surrender. The image has flaked on the upper right side but does not affect the soldier's image. The tintype is surrounded by a CDV size holded. Written on the back of the image in period pencil is "Jonathan R. Cleveland". Also written in pencil on the back of the image is information I have found about Cleveland.
A nice image of a seated Confederate officer. The officer is wearing a shell jacket with two stripes on the collar. The backmark is "Lee Gallery 1869, 920 Main Street, Richmond, Va.". The image is clearly a post war image made from a ambrotype a few years after the war. A nice Confederate image!
A nice image of Robert E. Lee's second son William Henry Fitzhugh (Rooney) Lee. He was called Rooney to distinquish him from his first cousin, General Fitzhugh Lee. Upon the secession of Virginia, Rooney Lee immediately entered Confederate service as Colonel of the 9th Virginia Cavalry. With this regiment he followed Geneal J.E.B. Stuart through virtually all the campaigns of the Cavalry Corps of the Army of Northern virginia. He was promoted brigadier general in September 1862. Lee was severly wounded at Brandy Station and while recuperating , was captured by the Federals and imprisioned. Not exchanged until March 1864, he was promoted major general in April 1864. He was the youngest major general in Confederate service. He played a very important part in the closing operations of the cavalry, and was second in command at Appomattox. There is no backmark on this image.
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, the second son of Gen. Robert E. Lee, was born at Arlington, Va., May 31, 1837. He was educated at Harvard college, where he was graduated in 1857. In the same year he was appointed second lieutenant of the Sixth infantry, United States army, and in this rank he served in the Utah campaign under Albert Sidney Johnston, and subsequently in California. Early in 1859 he resigned his commission and took charge of his farm, the historic White House, on the Pamunkey river. He was heartily in sympathy with the Confederate cause, and organized a cavalry company early in 1861, becoming one of the leading spirits in the formation of the gallant body of troopers which were subsequently distinguished in the history of the army of Northern Virginia, and contributed so effectively to its successes. In May he received the rank of captain, corps of cavalry, C. S. A., and in the same month was promoted major in the regular army. During the West Virginia campaign he acted as chief of cavalry for General Loring. In the winter of 1861-62 he was ordered to Fredericksburg, Va., and was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the Ninth Virginia cavalry regiment, promotion to the colonelship following in March. With his regiment he was attached to the cavalry brigade of J. E. B. Stuart, and shared its operations during the retreat from Yorktown toward Richmond. In the famous raid around McClellan's army Stuart's men were led by the three colonels, Fitz Lee, W. H. F. Lee and W. T. Martin; the artillery under Breathed. His troopers defeated the enemy's cavalry at Hawes' Shop, June 13th, during this expedition. Upon the organization of the cavalry division in the following month, his regiment was assigned to the brigade of Fitzhugh Lee, and he participated in the operations of this command in the campaign of Second Manassas. After serving on the advanced line before Washington, during the advance into Maryland he was particularly distinguished in the rear-guard fighting after the action at Turner's pass. Squadron after squadron of his regiment bore the brunt of the attacks of the Federal advance until they were the last to enter Boonsboro. At this point Colonel Lee was unhorsed and run over in crossing a bridge; and severely bruised and at first unconscious, lay by the roadside for some time in full view of the passing enemy. He managed to escape and finally reached the army on the Antietam, where he was welcomed as one from the dead. Subsequently he commanded a detachment of Lee's brigade during the Chambersburg raid, and held the advance during the return movement in the rear of McClellan's army. His intrepid conduct and coolness in demanding the surrender of a largely superior force of the enemy which held White's ford on the Potomac, caused the withdrawal of this obstacle which might have been fatal to the safe return of Stuart's command to Virginia. At the reorganization in November he, having been promoted brigadier-general, was given command of the brigade of cavalry consisting of the Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, Fifteenth Virginia and Second North Carolina. During the operations preceding and following the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville he was frequently engaged, and during the combats with Pleasanton's cavalry before the Gettysburg campaign he fought at Fleetwood Hill and Brandy Station, where he engaged the enemy in a series of brilliant charges with his regiments, in one of the last of which he received a severe wound through the leg. General Stuart reported "the handsome and highly satisfactory manner" in which he handled his brigade, and the deplorable loss "for a short time only, it is hoped, of his valuable services. " But, in his helpless condition, he was taken prisoner by Federal raiders and carried to Fortress Monroe, where, and at Fort Lafayette, he was held until March, 1864. On his return to the army he was promoted major-general and assigned to the command of a division of the cavalry. He participated in the operations of the cavalry from the Rapidan to the James in 1864; was at Malvern hill when Grant crossed the river; opposed Wilson's raid against the Weldon railroad in June; commanded the cavalry at Globe Tavern, August; at Five Forks held the right of the Confederate line; and during the retreat to Appomattox, aided Gordon in repulsing repeated assaults. After the surrender he retired to his plantation, and resided there until his removal to Burke's Station in 1874. He was president for a time of the State agricultural society, served one term in the State senate, and sat in the Fiftieth, Fifty- first and Fifty-second Congresses as representative of the Eighth Virginia district. He died at Alexandria, October 15, 1891.