1 New York Dragoons at 1897 GAR National Encampment Badge
Item #: RX37710
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Offered is a nice badge worn by veterans of the 1st New York Dragoons at the 1897 Grand Army of the Republic National Encampment held at Buffalo, New York. The badge has a hanger bar with a yellow ribbon attached. In gold print approximately 5/8 of the way down the badge is two crossed sabers with 1st N.Y. Dragoons. written around it. Also written in black ink on the badge is "Grand Army of the Republic, Buffalo, New York, August 23 to 28, 1897 - Camp Gibbs. Headquarters, 1430 Main Street.". A metal fringe is attached to the bottom of the ribbon.
First New York Dragoons. — Cols., Alfred Gibbs, Thomas J. Thorp; Lieut.- Cols., Thomas J. Thorp, Rufus Scott; Majs., Rufus Scott, Jacob W. Knapp, Howard M. Smith. This regiment was organized in the summer of 1862 at Portage, as the 130th infantry and served as such at Suffolk, Va., and in Keyes' corps on the Peninsula. The companies of which it was composed were recruited in the counties of Allegany, Livingston and Wyoming. It was mustered into the U. S. service at Portage, Sept. 2, 1862, for three years. On July 28, 1863, it was transferred to the mounted service, and designated the 19th cavalry on Aug. 11, but this designation was changed on Sept. 10, to 1st regiment of dragoons. The regiment — ten companies — left the state on Sept. 6, 1862, and served as above noted. During its entire mounted service it was in the 1st cavalry division, Army of the Potomac. It was drilled in its new duties by Col. Gibbs, who belonged to the U. S. cavalry service, and as a regiment of dragoons made its first fight near Manassas Junction in Oct., 1863, sustaining a loss of 10 killed, wounded and missing. The regiment moved on Grant's campaign of 1864 with about 400 carbines and fought desperately in the Wilderness (at Todd's tavern), dismounted, sustaining a loss of 20 killed, 36 wounded and 35 missing, the heaviest loss of any cavalry regiment in any one action during the war. It took part with loss in Gen. Sheridan's raid to the James river in May; at Cold Harbor the tired troopers were aroused from their sleep on the ground and ordered into the breastworks, which they gallantly defended throughout the night, inspired by the music of their band. The losses at Cold Harbor aggregated 35 killed, wounded and missing. Sadly reduced in numbers, the gallant dragoons moved with Sheridan on the raid to Trevilian Station, where they were warmly engaged, their casualties in that action amounting to 16 killed, 61 wounded, and 8 missing. The regiment fought with Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley and shared in the glories of the final Appomattox campaign. It gained a high reputation among brigade and division generals for discipline and efficiency. Under command of Col. Thorp, it was mustered out and discharged on June 30, 1865, at Cloud's mills, Va., having participated in about 65 battles and skirmishes. It lost 4 officers and 127 men killed and mortally wounded; 1 officer and 142 men by disease, accident, in prison, etc.; a total of 274. Its loss in killed and mortally wounded was exceeded by only five cavalry regiments in the service. Corp. Chester B. Bowen; Com.-Sergt. Andrew J. Lorish and Lieut. William M. Winegar were awarded medals of honor for gallantry in action.
Footnotes: Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2