A great regimental badge worn by a member of the 56 New York Infantry.† This beautiful badge has a gold type hanger with a place for the veteran's name if he wanted to have a jeweler engrave it.† The hanger has a T-bar pin on the reverse side.† Two links of chain attach the drop to the hanger.† The drop is round and has an 4th Corps and 18 Corps insignia in enamel in the middle of the badge.† Written on the badge is "Tenth Legion - 1861 - 1865 - N.Y Vet. Vols. - A P".†
The 56th regiment was organized at Newburgh and was composed of eleven companies, two light batteries and two cavalry troops. The batteries later became the 7th and 8th independent batteries and the cavalry part of the 1st mounted rifles. Co. L was the 5th company of N. Y. sharpshooters. The men were mainly from Orange, Sullivan and Ulster counties and were mustered into the U. S. service at Newburgh, Oct. 28, 1861, for three years. The regiment left for Washington on Nov. 7, 1861, was there assigned to the 1st brigade, Casey's division, and served in the vicinity of Washington until March, 1862. In the opening of the spring campaign, the regiment, as part of the 1st brigade, 2nd division, 4th corps, participated in the siege of Yorktown and was present without loss at Williams-burg, Savage Station and Bottom's bridge. At Fair Oaks the loss of the command was heavyó66 killed and wounded and 5 missing. In June the brigade, in Peck's division of the 4th corps, was present during "the Seven Days' battles but not closely engaged, and after the battle of Malvern hill was withdrawn to Yorktown. In December the brigade under Naglee was assigned to the 18th corps and reached South Carolina early in Jan., 1862. The regiment served about Charleston, was active in the siege of Fort Wagner in July, 1863, and the subsequent operations in the vicinity. It was assigned to the 1st brigade. 3d division, 18th corps, in March, 1863, and transferred to the l0th corps in October. While with the 18th corps it was stationed on Folly island and at Beaufort. In the. summer of 1864, the regiment was stationed at James island; lost 50 men in an engagement at Honeyhill; was active at Coosawhatchie and Boyd's point in December, and shared in the operations at Deveaux neck, S. C., during the same month with considerable loss. The original members not reenlisted were mustered out at the expiration of the terrn of enlistment and the regiment remained in the Department of the South, serving in the coast division during the winter of 1864-65 and at Charleston from March, 1865 to Oct. 17, 1865, when it was mustered out. The regiment lost during its term of service 64 by death from wounds and 216 from other causes.