Organized at Loachapoka, Alabama, under Colonel James McCarthy Oliver and Lieutenant Colonel James W. Jackson
Sent to Virginia, where it was attached to Taliaferro's Brigade of Jackson's Division.
Battle of Cedar Run
Suffered 12 killed and 76 wounded, including Captains Michael Jefferson Bulger, wounded, and Albert C. Menefee, killed
Lt. Colonel Jackson promoted to colonel
Second Battle of Manasses
The regiment suffered 7 killed and 25 wounded, including Adjutant Henry A. Garrett, wounded, and Lieutenant William Grimmett, killed
Battle of Chantilly
September 12 - 15
Siege of Harpers Ferry
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)
The regiment was commanded by Colonel James W. Jackson, who took command of the brigade at the begnning of the battle. Captain James M. Campbell commanded the regiment.
lost 98 of the115 men engaged, including Colonel James W. Jackson, wounded, Captain Henry C. Lindsey, wounded, and Lieutenant George W. Gammell, killed. Seventeen men under a sergeant were all that could muster on the 18th
Battle of Fredericksburg
Captain Capt. James M. Campbell commanded the regiment.
Transferred to Law's Alabama Brigade in Hood's Division of Longstreet's Corps per Lee's Special Orders No. 19
Captain Samuel A. Cox died in service
April 11 - May 6
Captain John N. McKee died in service
July 1 - 3
Battle of Gettysburg
The regiment was commanded by Lt. Colonel Michael Jefferson Bulger, who was shot through the lung, left behind presumably dying when the regiment fell back, and captured. Major J. M. Campbell took over the regiment. It lost 40 casualties, including Captain Joseph Johnston, Jr., who was killed.
From the report of Maj. Campbell: "Lieut.-Col. M. J. Bulger fought most nobly. Out of 21 officers, 4 were killed; all the 21 acted well. About one-third of the whole number were killed and wounded." Footnote: "Lieutenant-Colonel Bulger was not killed. On July 16, 1863, he became colonel, vice James W. Jackson, resigned."
Colonel James W. Jackson resigned due to ill health
Lt. Colonel Bulger was promoted to to colonel while still in a Federal hospital. He would be exchanged in several months but would never return to the field. Bulger acknowledged that "the compassion shown by (Union Colonel James C.) Rice saved his life." Rice, whose 44th New York had been defending Little Round Top against Bulger's men, had accepted his surrender and made sure Bulger was taken care of by a Union surgeon.
Battle of Chickamauga
Commended in report on engagement; suffered no casualties.
The regiment was transferred to the west with Longstreet and two divisions.
Siege of Knoxville
Colonel Bulger commanded the regiment.
The regiment returned to the Eastern Theater with Longstreet's two divisions.
May 5 - 6
Battle of the Wilderness
The regiment lost 111 casualties, including Captains William Ballard, wounded and captured, and James A. Sanford, killed
May 7 - 12
Battle of Spottsylvania
Lt. Colonel Michael Bulger and Major James McDonald Campbell were killed.
June 13 - July 31
The regiment suffered 6 killed and 9 wounded
August 1 - December 31
The regiment lost 7 killed and 27 wounded, including Lt. Colonel Leigh Richmond Terrell, killed Oct. 13; and and Captain J. A. Gaskin, also killed
On north side of James River in Law's (then Perry's) Brigade
Surrendered at Appomattox about 90 men under Captain Eli Daniel Clower