A nice image of Lt. Colonel Joshua S. Fletcher of the 11th United States Regular Infantry. Written below the image in period ink is "J.S. Fletcher - Bvt. Lt. Col. USA - Capt. 11th Infy". The backmark on the image is "Anderson & Co. - 1311 Main St. - Richmond, VA.". Fletcher was a Captain in March 1862. He was breveted Major in August 1864, and breveted Lt. Colonel just 17 days later on August 18, 1864. Fletcher was wounded at Weldon Railroad.
The fourth 11th Infantry was organized on May 4, 1861 by direction of the President. On May 14, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive order, directing an increase of the regimental organizations of the Regular Army. The 11th Infantry was the first, numerically, of the nine infantry regiments, of three battalions of eight companies each, were of the increase authorized. In G. O. No. 33, A. G. O., series of 1861, in contrast to the original ten regular regiments of infantry, which were organized on the traditional ten-company line. The 11th Infantry was organized at Fort Independence, Boston Harbor, Massachusetts, as regimental headquarters, and which remained the 11th's headquarters during the War. Erasmus D. Keyes was served as colonel of the 11th U.S. Infantry from 14 May 1861 to 6 May 1864. William S. Ketchum served as colonel of the 11th U.S. Infantry 6 May 1864 to 15 March 1869.
After six companies had been organized and assigned to the 1st Battalion, 11th Infantry Regiment, it was ordered to Perryville, Maryland, October 10, 1861, and duty there until March 1862. Ordered to Washington, D.C. Attached to Sykes' Regular Infantry, Reserve Brigade, Army Potomac, to May 1862. The 11th then campaigned September 1863 to November 1864 as part of the 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to January 1865.
The 11th took part in the following: Peninsula Campaign, Siege of Yorktown, Battle of Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill, Turkey Bridge June 30, Battle of Malvern Hill Malvern Hill, At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centerville August 16–28. Pope's Northern Virginia Campaign, Battle of Groveton August 29, Second Battle of Bull Run, Maryland Campaign, Battle of Antietam, Shepherdstown Ford September 19–20, Battle of Fredericksburg, "Mud March", Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6, Battle of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg Campaign, Battle of Gettysburg, Pursuit of Lee July 5–24. On special duty at New York August 21-September 14. Rejoined army, Bristoe Campaign, Second Battle of Rappahannock Station, Mine Run Campaign, Rapidan Campaign, Battle of the Wilderness, Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, North Anna River, Pamunkey May 26–28, Battle of Totopotomoy Creek, Battle of Cold Harbor, Bethesda Church June 1–3, Second Battle of Petersburg, Siege of Petersburg, Mine Explosion, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm, Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run.
Moved to Fort Hamilton, New York Harbor, November 2, thence to Baltimore, Maryland., November 18, and to Annapolis, Maryland., December 5. Duty at Camp Parole, Annapolis, Md., until January 26, 1865. Ordered to City Point, Virginia., January 26, and camp near Gen. Grant's Headquarters until March 8. Provost duty at Headquarters, Army Potomac, until May, and at Richmond. Va., until October, 1865.
The regiment lost during the Civil War 8 Officers and 117 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 86 Enlisted men by disease. Total, 213.
After the surrender, the 11th Infantry with other Regular troops, was sent to Richmond, Va., where it arrived May 3d. It did provost duty in Richmond until the civil government of the city was organized, and at Libby Prison until its use was discontinued. During the summer and fall of 1865 the twenty-four companies of the regiment were organized. In the summer of 1866, the regiment suffered a great mortality from cholera.